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25 Facts about the Great Pyramid of Giza


25 facts about the great pyramid of Giza

25 facts about the Great Pyramid of Giza

The Great Pyramid a true masterpiece and has rightly earned the title of a “Wonder”. It was built with such precision that our current technology cannot replicate it. There are so many interesting facts about this Pyramid that it baffles archaeologists, scientists, astronomers and tourists. Here are the facts:

  1. The pyramid is estimated to have around 2,300,000 stone blocks that weigh from 2 to 30 tons each and there are even some blocks that weigh over 50 tons.
  2. The Pyramid of Menkaure, the Pyramid of Khafre and the Great Pyramid of Khufu are precisely aligned with the Constellation of Orion.
  3. The base of the pyramid covers 55,000 m2 (592,000 ft 2) with each side greater than 20,000 m2 (218,000 ft2) in area.
  4. The interior temperature is constant and equals the average temperature of the earth, 20 Degrees Celsius (68 Degrees Fahrenheit).
  5. The outer mantle was composed of 144,000 casing stones, all of them highly polished and flat to an accuracy of 1/100th of an inch, about 100 inches thick and weighing approx. 15 tons each.
  6. The cornerstone foundations of the pyramid have ball and socket construction capable of dealing with heat expansion and earthquakes.
  7. The mortar used is of an unknown origin (Yes, no explanation given). It has been analyzed and its chemical composition is known but it can’t be reproduced. It is stronger than the stone and still holding up today.
  8. It was originally covered with casing stones (made of highly polished limestone). These casing stones reflected the sun’s light and made the pyramid shine like a jewel. They are no longer present being used by Arabs to build mosques after an earthquake in the 14th century loosened many of them. It has been calculated that the original pyramid with its casing stones would act like gigantic mirrors and reflect light so powerful that it would be visible from the moon as a shining star on earth. Appropriately, the ancient Egyptians called the Great Pyramid “Ikhet”, meaning the “Glorious Light”.  How these blocks were transported and assembled into the pyramid is still a mystery. –
  9. Aligned True North: The Great Pyramid is the most accurately aligned structure in existence and faces true north with only 3/60th of a degree of error. The position of the North Pole moves over time and the pyramid was exactly aligned at one time.
  10. Center of Land Mass: The Great Pyramid is located at the center of the land mass of the earth. The east/west parallel that crosses the most land and the north/south meridian that crosses the most land intersect in two places on the earth, one in the ocean and the other at the Great Pyramid.
  11. The four faces of the pyramid are slightly concave, the only pyramid to have been built this way.
  12. The centers of the four sides are indented with an extraordinary degree of precision forming the only 8 sided pyramid, this effect is not visible from the ground or from a distance but only from the air, and then only under the proper lighting conditions. This phenomenon is only detectable from the air at dawn and sunset on the spring and autumn equinoxes, when the sun casts shadows on the pyramid.
  13. The granite coffer in the “King’s Chamber” is too big to fit through the passages and so it must have been put in place during construction.
  14. The coffer was made out of a block of solid granite. This would have required bronze saws 8-9 ft. long set with teeth of sapphires. Hollowing out of the interior would require tubular drills of the same material applied with a tremendous vertical force.
  15. Microscopic analysis of the coffer reveals that it was made with a fixed point drill that used hard jewel bits and a drilling force of 2 tons.
  16. The Great Pyramid had a swivel door entrance at one time. Swivel doors were found in only two other pyramids: Khufu’s father and grandfather, Sneferu and Huni, respectively.
  17. It is reported that when the pyramid was first broken into that the swivel door, weighing some 20 tons, was so well balanced that it could be opened by pushing out from the inside with only minimal force, but when closed, was so perfect a fit that it could scarcely be detected and there was not enough crack or crevice around the edges to gain a grasp from the outside.
  18. With the mantle in place, the Great Pyramid could be seen from the mountains in Israel and probably the moon as well.
  19. The weight of the pyramid is estimated at 5,955,000 tons. Multiplied by 10^8 gives a reasonable estimate of the earth’s mass.
  20. The Descending Passage pointed to the pole star Alpha Draconis, circa 2170-2144 BCE. This was the North Star at that point in time. No other star has aligned with the passage since then.
  21. The southern shaft in the King’s Chamber pointed to the star Al Nitak (Zeta Orionis) in the constellation Orion, circa 2450 BCE The Orion constellation was associated with the Egyptian god Osiris. No other star aligned with this shaft during that time in history.
  22. Sun’s Radius: Twice the perimeter of the bottom of the granite coffer times 10^8 is the sun’s mean radius. [270.45378502 Pyramid Inches* 10^8 = 427,316 miles]
  23. The curvature designed into the faces of the pyramid exactly matches the radius of the earth.
  24. Khufu’s pyramid, known as the great pyramid of Giza, is the oldest and largest, rising at 481 feet (146 meters). Archaeologists say it was the tallest structure in the world for about 3, 800 years.
  25. The relationship between Pi (p) and Phi (F) is expressed in the fundamental proportions of the Great Pyramid.
The Great Pyramid of Giza.

The Great Pyramid of Giza.


The Great Pyramid: A Miracle in Stone, 1973, Joseph A. Seiss

Secrets of the Great Pyramid, 1978, Peter Tompkins

Back in Time 3104 B.C. to the Great Pyramid, 1990, S. G. Taseos

The Authorship and Message of the Great Pyramid, 1953, Julian T. Gray, E. Steinmann & Co.

Our Inheritance in the Great Pyramid, 1891, C. Piazzi Smyth

FAIR USE NOTICE: This page may contain copyrighted material the use of which has not been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. This website distributes this material without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. We believe this constitutes a fair use of any such copyrighted material as provided for in 17 U.S.C § 107.

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  • rockchicks

    I’m doing a SA on the great pyramid of Giza
    so this doesn’t help me

  • fg

    what stone was used for the great pyramid of giza

    • gavin


  • Chippy

    I’m a builder, I wish I had the blokes who made that working for me. Building brilliance not building bank balances

  • Mindless HD

    “The four faces of the pyramid are slightly concave, the only pyramid to have been built this way.” — Sorry but this pyramid actually has 8 sides. I hate when people give out false information, even your first photo shows the eight sides of the pyramid. Please correct your article.

    • ^ XD

      Read Fact #12:
      “The centers of the four sides are indented with an extraordinary degree of precision forming the only 8 sided pyramid”…

      Next time, read the ENTIRE article before making stupid comments about what is and isn’t in the article.

      ^”Please correct your article.” …please correct your comment :P

      • Hate Idiots

        Yes read “Mindless HD” fool. Is that your picture? Nevermind…you have chosen it! HAHAHAHAHA!!!

    • Water

      8 sides

    • Bob Sims

      I have a very low tolerance for stupid people, starting with your pathetic “Mindless HD” stage name and your pathetic picture of yourself (I assume) appearing to be stoned out of your mind, and ending with stoners that can’t read, so I have included #12 for you to read when you sober up.

      “The four faces of the pyramid are slightly concave, the only pyramid to have been built this way. The centers of the four sides are indented with an extraordinary degree of precision forming the only 8 sided pyramid, this effect is not visible from the ground or from a distance but only from the air, and then only under the proper lighting conditions. This phenomenon is only detectable from the air at dawn and sunset on the spring and autumn equinoxes, when the sun casts shadows on the pyramid. – See more at:

      • john smith

        Stoners that can’t read? Do your research and come to find out the fact that some stoner’s are incredibly smart with college degrees. P.s; they just legalized recreational marijuana use in D.C. last week. Can you tolerate that?

        • Bob Sims

          Look, I was being sarcastic regarding his Cheech & Chong, stoner look. I don’t care he is a stoner, but don’t come into a forum that way, meaning that the objection he made clearly showed that he had not read/comprehended/understood what the author had presented.

      • Guest

        Well its been 8 months sir since he left that comment. Smoke some weed cause your the one who appears to be stupid.

        • Bob Sims

          Depends which side of the fence you are looking from. If the “Reply” button still works, who are you to say what limits are to be placed on the time element?

      • Mike

        Hey Bob, don’t extole your assumptions about cannabis here. There is a forum for that, and by stating things that you believe to be apparent, it only makes YOU look like the mental midget. Whether someone is stoned or not has nothing to do with what the topic may be. By the way, it makes you look like a complete asshole, which also is apparent. The pyramids would not have been made without the hemp plant BOB. Get a clue.

    • Aaron Demetrulias

      The first photo may have been taken during one of the equinox’s.

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  • Howard West

    Here are three video links that should
    change your mind about the building of the Great Pyramids

    Dead Sea Scrolls and the Pyramids

    Stone Art and the Winds of Egypt

    King Tut and the Stone Quarry Conspiracy

    Author of the E-book Locked Gates ,
    Howard West

    • ko


    • Egyptian

      Population history of Egypt

      Modern scholars who have studied Ancient Egyptian culture and population history have responded to the controversy over the race of the Ancient Egyptians in different ways.

      Since the second half of the 20th century, most anthropologists have rejected the notion of race as having any validity in the study of human biology.[3][4] Stuart Tyson Smith writes in the 2001 Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt that “Any characterization of race of the ancient Egyptians depends on modern cultural definitions, not on scientific study. Thus, by modern American standards it is reasonable to characterize the Egyptians as “black”, while acknowledging the scientific evidence for the physical diversity of Africans.”[16] Frank M. Snowden asserts that “Egyptians, Greeks and Romans attached no special stigma to the colour of the skin and developed no hierarchical notions of race whereby highest and lowest positions in the social pyramid were based on colour.”[17][18] Additionally,typological and hierarchical models of race have increasingly been rejected by scientists in favour of models of geographical origin.

      It is now largely agreed that Dynastic Egyptians were indigenous to the Nile area. About 5,000 years ago, the Sahara area dried out, and part of the indigenous Saharan population retreated east towards the Nile Valley. In addition, peoples from the Middle East entered the Nile Valley, bringing with them wheat, barley, sheep, goats, and possibly cattle.[19] Dynastic Egyptians referred to their country as “The Two Lands”. During the Predynastic period (about 4800 to 4300BC), the Merimde culture flourished in the northern part of Egypt (Lower Egypt).[20] This culture, among others, has links to the Levant in the Middle East.[21][22] The pottery of the later Buto Maadi culture, best known from the site at Maadi near Cairo, also shows connections to the southern Levant as well.[23] In the southern part of Egypt (Upper Egypt) the predynastic Badarian culture was followed by the Naqada culture. These people seem to be more closely related to the Nubians than with northern Egyptians.[24][25]

      Due to its geographical location at the crossroads of several major cultural areas, Egypt has experienced a number of foreign invasions during historical times, including by the Canaanites (Hyksos), theLibyans, the Nubians, the Assyrians, the Babylonians, the Persians, the Macedonian Greeks, the Romans (Byzantium in late antiquity/early Middle Ages), the Arabs, the Ottoman Turks, the French and the British.

      At the UNESCO “Symposium on the Peopling of Ancient Egypt and the Deciphering of the Meroitic Script” in Cairo in 1974, the Black Hypothesis met with “profound” disagreement.[26] Most participants concluded that the Ancient Egyptian population was indigenous to the Nile Valley, and was made up of people from north and south of the Sahara who were differentiated by their color.[27] The arguments for all sides are recorded in the UNESCO publication General History of Africa,[28] with the “Origin of the Egyptians” chapter being written by Diop.

      In 1996, the Indianapolis Museum of Art published a collection of essays, which included contributions from leading experts in various fields including archaeology, art history, physical anthropology, African studies, Egyptology, Afrocentric studies, linguistics, and classical studies. While the contributors differed in some opinions, the consensus of the authors was that Ancient Egypt was a Northeast African civilization (although ethnic type was not mentioned), based on Egypt’s geographic location on the African continent.[21]

      In 2008, S. O. Y. Keita wrote that “There is no scientific reason to believe that the primary ancestors of the Egyptian population emerged and evolved outside of northeast Africa…. The basic overall genetic profile of the modern population is consistent with the diversity of ancient populations that would have been indigenous to northeastern Africa and subject to the range of evolutionary influences over time, although researchers vary in the details of their explanations of those influences.”[29]

  • Soangie

    hum chippy for one thing you don’t know how to spell things first of all because you spelled blocks wrong and you wrote blokes just kidding just playing.

  • qualia

    i will be buliding a pyramid out of clay

    • nikita


  • chung


  • chung

    this website is shit yall

  • Sky does minecraft

    hay all subscribers out there

  • wtf

    what the fuck



    • Raymond Popple

      I’d say who ever built them and had them built didn’t care about money. but good question all the same. It would indeed be an immense and costly undertaking.

    • raven king

      plus with all the technology there is today right?



  • kymir

    limeston was used to create the great pyramid of giza

  • Nick Barrett

    I have read that there is some evidence that the pyramid contained standards for measuring instruments such as weights and measuring rods. Does anybody have any evidence which proves this point.

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  • A Human

    I’m using this for a research paper for educational purposes. Thanks for posting this.

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  • Ben

    good stuff #dontlickstrangers

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  • Ben


  • que

    What is inside the other two pyramids? No one ever talks about them .. has no entrance been found?

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  • kimani alston

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  • kimani alston

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  • kimani alston

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  • tranyia hutcherson

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  • Ben


  • Ben


  • steve

    Just for accuracy, the coffer would not fit directly through that passage, though some researchers have noted (but not tested) it may have been possible to angle the coffer in. That data has not been checked only speculated. They couldn’t measure the angle because they were out of time.

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  • Forever Love


  • Forever Love


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    • Hate Idiots

      Absolute moron who made this comment. I can only assume this person has an issue with its color. The Egyptians of those time is not nearly the same as today. The anotomy of historical drawings does not resemble black or brown. If your statement was the truth then while modern life very much advange with European (white people) technology and Laws, why are countries where poverty and corruption continues very much related to Black and Brown nations?

      • Benjamin Lathan

        Depends upon what historical time period you’re talking about. I’ve had a white poster claim that portraits of Greeks in Egypt in 200AD–who’s people had been there for 5 centuries at that point–represented what the ancient Egyptians looked like. If we look at the actual probable age of the Great Pyramid we’re looking at 10,500BC. The oldest surviving human representation of what the people looked like–although somewhat altered and destroyed like most earlier physical representations of what the people actually looked like–is the Great Sphinx. Even white forensic scientist admit that it is the face of a black sub-Saharan type……. In the late 17 hundreds, Constantin de Volney stated, “…..on visiting the Sphinx, the look of it gave me the clue to the enigma. Beholding that head characteristically Negro in all its features….this race of Blacks who nowadays are slaves and the objects of our scorn is the very one to which we owe our arts, our sciences and even use of spoken word…” You’re right, Egyptians of those times were not nearly the same as today. They definitely weren’t blond and blue eyed as many European recreations of the image of the Great Sphinx put across. All Western recreations of the Great Sphinx depict it as European. So since race has unfortunately been brought up—your response brings up the question of why you base your opinion of what was possible 12,000 years ago on the modern day theology of white supremacy.

      • EBM

        Because white skinned people are at the top of the world financial institutions and therefore control every aspect of every country, even those with dark skinned puppets. “Give me control over a nation’s money and I care not who makes their laws.” Mayer Amschel Rothschild
        Furthermore, if you control the money AND make the laws, the outcome is pretty predictable.

    • raven king

      I think that, they DID help build them because how would they know the exact precise? and plus there a WHOLE universe out there and who knows if were the only ones? and obviously they had to be at least a little dumb to know they were aliens in the first place…

    • Aaron Demetrulias

      Who ever said anything about race? What does race have to do with this? This is a wide belife that the Pyramids were built by a different world, not race. Sounds like someone looking for attention…. Seriously it is people like you that cause racism. Nobody thinks to themselves hey lets cover it up with aliens because we know that black or brown people did this so we as white people could be better…..I am so sure that is what goes through everyones mind. If you had any kind of intelligence at all you would understand that back in that time and era there was no kind of technology that could of made the pyramids so precise. The compass was not even invented that long ago but somehow it sits true north. Please think before you speak. You are embarrising yourself.

    • Foos

      Obviously a racest.. With a big chip on his sholder. You one of those people who thinks the white man is holding you down? Oh your right, we have nothing better to do than put down and hold back minorities. Cry yourself a river build a bridge and get over it… Oh and go to collage. I guarantee its your low education level that’s holding you back not the white man..

      • John Deere

        Hey Foos, if you recommend someone go to college, you may want to spell “collage” correctly. OH, and you spelled racist wrong.

        • foos

          Totally missing the point of my comment. The Pyramid was built by ancient man and I fail to see why color of the builders is important. Color is only skin deep. Unless you think otherwise. Did you read truth and pains random coment about color that I was replying to? Thank you John for proof reading my post. You would make an awesome English teacher.

        • foos

          Sorry John Deere I forgot a ? right after the word otherwise. Just letting you know so when you proof read my reply to your reply you won’t have to reply about the missing ?.. You awesome speller you.

    • Stuart Yee

      Um…okay. So why is this a color issue exactly?

      I personally believe the pyramids were built by ancient human beings, and whatever their ethnicity, the pyramids are a magnificent specimen of innovative engineering.

      I can also say with 100% certainty that even if you personally happen to be of the same ethnic background of those clever peoples, THEIR ACCOMPLISHMENTS HAVE NOTHING TO DO WITH YOU OR VICE VERSA. In short, get a life.

    • billyboi

      use your head you simple minded prick no dudes in rag dresses and leather flip flops made the pyramids with ropes n logs read the facts the didn’t have the knowledge wake up don’t matter what colour they were truth and pain ha there’s some truth you fucking let down!

    • mr c

      hahahahahahaha ….can u say racist

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  • Brunobliss

    If you’re talking about the great pyramid of khufu, why did you use the picture of the Khafre pyramid in the end?

  • tehuti

    that picture is the second pyramid. for @#$%s sake can’t anyone get that right? I mean you go to the trouble of listing all these facts and get the photo wrong. geepers…. how many times…

  • aishwarya

    what stone used for pyramids of giza

  • aishwarya

    what is the mistry about samrat ashoka and his hiden writing

  • aishwarya

    tell me more about oraen and leonardo di ser piero da vinci

  • Eoin

    You’ve a picture on your site with the title “The Great Pyramid of Giza”. It’s not a picture of the Great Pyramid of Giza. This does not inspire me with confidence in the rest of your findings.

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