Is There Life On The Red Planet?

Life on Mars. Is there life on the Red Planet? Is there Something more to Mars? Is Earth connected to the Red Planet?

Mars; Is there life on the Red Planet?

Throughout human history, as far as there are written records, the red planet has captured the interest of ancient civilizations worldwide. But is there something more to this mysterious planet other than it’s red color and authority in the skies? How much do we know today about Mars? Are governments worldwide telling all the story concerning the red planet? According to NASA reports, Mars is just another “dead” planet in the vast ocean in the skies, so why are they spending billions of dollars exploring and studying it? Throughout history we have been fascinated with the “thundering” red color of Mars in our sky, and civilizations all over the world associated this planet with their gods. In ancient Babylon, Mars was named after Nergal, the god of fire, death, and destruction, the Greeks named Mars after Ares, their god of war. And the Roman civilization payed tribute to Mars, their god of war, but the list does not end here.

We know that the Mayas, Aztec’s and other Ancient American civilizations also paid tribute to Mars. The red planet’s connection to the Mayan calendar is portrayed in The Dresden Codex. This incredible and rare book describes the calendar in relation to the movement of the red planet across the sky.

The Dresden Codex is one of four remaining books that the Maya wrote and there are different sections of the book that describe different astronomical phenomena and specifically the red planet.  There is an almanac near the end of the book, that breaks up days into ten groups of 78 days equaling 780 days, which is the cyanotic period of Mars, which means the time it takes the red planet to get back to the same place in the sky from the human perspective. But why did the Maya give such importance to Mars? The Romans are together with the Maya the most notorious ancient civilizations to give such importance to Mars.

In 42 BC, the Roman forces of Augustus waged the Battle of Philippi against Marcus Brutus, as Augustus tried to avenge the assassination of Julius Caesar. Augustus pledged to “Mars” the god of war that if he won this battle, he would build a great temple for him. He went on and won the battle and became the great Ceaser Augustus, one of the greatest Roman emperors, and as promised, he constructed the temple of Mars. Every time that Rome went into war, the doors of the temple were opened widely, so the Romans gave enormous importance to Mars.

In the 17th century, when we had telescopes powerful enough to spot the features of Mars we started to wonder in our heads, “what if there was life on the red planet”? Angelo Secchi, an Italian astronomer was one of the first people to actually suggest that on the surface on Mars there were strange structures, straight lines that resembled constructions on planet Earth, he called these lines “canali” or “channels” More and more people became interested in Mars at that time and ideas were cooked up that Mars actually had intelligent lifeforms just like Earth. But is there a possibility that there is life on the Red Planet?

The Cydonia region of Mars, proof of intelligent life? Life on Mars

The Face on Mars was one of the most striking and remarkable images taken during the Viking missions to the red planet. Unmistakeably resembling a human face, the image caused many to hypothesize that it was the work of an extraterrestrial civilization. Later images revealed that it was a mundane feature rendered face-like by the angle of the Sun. AuthorViking 1, NASA

The name originally referred to the albedo feature (distinctively colored area) that was visible from Earthbound telescopes. The area borders plains of Acidalia Planitia and the Arabia Terra highlands. The area includes the regions: “Cydonia Mensae”, an area of flat-topped mesa-like features, “Cydonia Colles”, a region of small hills or knobs, and “Cydonia Labyrinthus“, a complex of intersecting valleys. As with other albedo features on Mars, the name Cydonia was drawn from classical antiquity, in this case from Kydonia, a historic polis (or “city-state”) on the island of Crete. Cydonia contains the “Face on Mars” feature—located about half-way between Arandas Crater and Bamberg Crater. -Wikipedia

Martian CityWhen Viking orbiters originally started taking pictures of the surface of the red planet, they took images of very intriguing features on the plain of Cydonia, and on July 25, 1976, they took a picture of the famous “Face on Mars“, (NASA even had a press conference to announce this discovery). Some people went on and said that NASA had found not only a face on mars but an entire city in ruins, and a structure that looked very much like pyramids on Earth.

In the 1980’s A cartographer and satellite imagery expert from the Defense Mapping Agency named Erol Torun took a look at the pyramid and concluded that it was what he called the Rosetta Stone of Mars. He actually found various mathematical relationships that pointed to other objects in the area that he thought were artificial-looking. HE also concluded that the structures in the Cydonia region were inconsistent with the regional geology. (Read the 25 Facts about the Great Pyramid of Giza)

On July 20, 1976 after a ten-month journey from Earth, Viking I reached its destination, the red planet. The images that Viking I sent back to Earth were amazing, and some of them showed that Mars was not that different from Earth. Some regions on Mars resemble places on Earth, like the Death Valley. Where the story about Viking I gets interesting is after it performed several tests in search for life on the red planet. Viking I returned controversial results.  Dr. Gil Levin designed one of the tests that the Viking probe performed, a relatively “simple” test.


He explained that Microorganisms breathe just like you or I or anything else, and then they give off carbon dioxide. What NASA did is, they took a small sample of Martian soil, placed it inside a small container and this container was monitored for a week for signs of “bubbles” inside of the tube, and after seven days, the unexpected happened. The test for life on Mars was positive by criteria accepted by NASA as “bubbles” were registered inside the Viking I container. While this test returned positive for life, other tests with different criteria came up negative. NASA were very cautious in this matter and opted to say: “There is no proof of life on Mars“.

If Mars once had life, what happened to it?

After studying the red planet for decades, scientists admit that there is a great possibility that an impact of an asteroid or comet altered the faith of the Red Planet, compared to Earth, Mars is full of impact craters but that isn’t that strange since Mars has a very uncomfortable position in our solar System, right next to the Asteroid belt. due to this, Mars is constantly being bombarded by asteroids, unlike Earth-Mars does not have a bigger moon to shield it against incoming asteroids.

Looking back in history we know that the Earth has been impacted in the past by large space rock and some of those impacts have possibly changed the history of our planet.


One of the best examples we know of, is the Chicxulub impact crater located in the Yucatan peninsula in Mexico (see image above) which some scientists believe to have been the number one reason for the extinction of the Dinosaurs. So if this happened here on Earth, would something similar be possible on Mars? On the red planet we find a very interesting impact crater located in the Lyot region, and it is approx. 125 miles in diameter. The area of this impact crater tells us just how powerful the impact was and it could have been one of the main causes why Mars today is just a “desert”.

This comet strike may have caused a profound disruption to Mars’ planetary system. It would have been an  absolutely devastating planet climate-changing event. So is it possible that long before losing its atmosphere, Mars sustained life? Even civilizations that once called the red planet “home”? If so, where did the Martian’s go? did they survive? Did they escape from these cataclysmic events? And is Mars connected in any way to Earth? These are just some of the questions that desperately want to be answered.

Some scientists suggest that Mars may have had an atmosphere similar to Earth’s atmosphere, and it got annihilated about 65 million years ago. Adding to this suggestion, ideas have formed in the past which tell the possibility that the civilization that once inhabited Mars, fled to Earth in search for refugee. So does this make us the “Martians” we have desperately tried to find?  Some scientists say they’ve found powerful evidence of lost civilizations on the red planet and in fact, they believe they may have discovered a nuclear signature in the Martian atmosphere that matches Earth’s after a nuclear test. According to scientists there are very large traces of Xenon-129 on Mars and the only process that we know that produces Xenon-129 is a nuclear explosion. (See image below).

Mars vs mixed Earth and Fission Xenon (30/70)
Mars vs mixed Earth and Fission Xenon (30/70)

Mars and the Anunnaki connection

During an excavation of the Biblical city of Nineveh, a team led by Austen Henry Layard, discovered the ruins of the ancient Assyrian library of Ashurbanipal. One of the most important discoveries made during the excavation where a series of cuneiform tablets called the Enűma Eliš, or better known as “The Seven Tablets of Creation” The Seven Tablets of Creation tell the story about a group of gods called the Anunnaki who came from the heaven to give create  the human race. Ancient Astronaut theorists believe that the Anunnaki colonized both Mars and Earth, and this belief could possibly be backed up by the fact that the Sumerians had a number of myths about Mars, including that the Anunnaki colonized Mars and used the red planet as a “pit stop” for Earth. So if these “gods” that came from the heavens, actually did colonize Mars in the past, is there a possibility that we today may find evidence of structures on the Red Planet? Such as pyramids, columns, statues, etc., (Read about the cube on Mars)

Seven tablets of creation

If the Anunnaki were on Mars it is inevitable that we today will find evidence of their civilization on the Red Planet. What we know for sure is that in almost every image sent back by NASA’s rovers exploring the red planet, some strange structure is identified, now some people can say it’s in our nature to imagine shapes and forms, but there are just some images that have objects that no one can explain. (Read about the helmet on Mars)

Researchers have identified multiple references in the cuneiform tablets that are believed to be the records of the mysterious Anunnaki and according to researchers there is proof in those tablets that the Anunnaki have history on Mars.  According to the modern day translation of Sumerian and Babylonian origin myths, a cataclysmic event did in fact occur on the Red Planet, an event that sounds remarkably similar to ancient Mesoamerican myths about a feathered serpent that devastated Mars. A comet or asteroid crashed into the red planet and caused a catastrophic chain of events that turned Mars into a isolated and inhabitable world.

All of this sounds interesting, but given the fact that we have probes on the Red Planet, and that thousands of images were sent back to Earth, have we actually found something that interesting on Mars? and we ask again, mars; is there life on the red planet?

The answer is yes, and we can thank NASA’s Pathfinder for that. Shortly after touching down on Mars, NASA’s Pathfinder snapped several images of the red planet, but one, in particular, puzzled some scientists, The Twin Peaks of Mars.

The Twin Peaks of Mars
The Twin Peaks of Mars, credit NASA.

Today we know that Mars has limited volcanic and tectonic activity, and thus it is an enigma as to how these two mountains formed. These twin mountains are the tallest formations you will find for hundreds of kilometers and what makes the Twin Peaks even more mysterious is the fact that most of the volcanic activity on Mars are concentrated in the Tharsis region and the Tharsis region on Mars is approx. 3200 kilometers to the west.  So how did they form?

Taking a closer look at the image you will notice that these two peaks are actually connected, and there are other structures in the image that can be identified as well (take a look at the structure just below the left peak). We find 3 objects here and they remind us of something here on Earth. Wanna guess? The Giza plateau. And here is where it gets more interesting.

The Capital of Egypt, Cairo or al-Qāhirah is frequently translated as place of Mars. The Giza Plateau is located in the outskirts of Cairo. And studies performed at the Giza plateau suggest that the Sphinx was originally painted in Red Color. Is this just a coincidence? Is there a possibility that in the image above we are seeing a replica of the Giza Plateau? But of course, on another planet and with millions of years of erosion perhaps? At this point anything is possible and we need to start think very differently when we speak about the red planet today.

So why is there so much secrecy about the Red Planet, and why has NASA avoided to search more intensively for traces of life on Mars?  Is it possible that not just microbial life, but also intelligent beings, once called the red planet their home? And if so, what are the chances to find other Extraterrestrial beings on other planets in our solar system and beyond?

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Ivan is editor-in-chief at, he also writes for Universe Explorers. You may have seen him appear on the Discovery and History Channel.


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  1. This is a fantastic, fact filled post. Thank you very much. What makes this so good is that it weaves many facts together in one place with references. Keep up the great work.

  2. Very good read:-) thanks for the well thought out information and how you played out all the different ideas and weaved them all together to make a very interesting possibility, or possibilities.well done! Thx.