Mythical Tomb Of Osiris Discovered In Sheikh Abd el-Gourna


The Archaeological Mission, Canaria-Tuscany, in cooperation with the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities, has discovered in the Necropolis of the Nobles in Luxor a replica of the tomb dedicated to the god Osiris.

This funerary complex was discovered by a Spanish-Italian joint mission in the archaeological location marked as number 327 in the area of Sheikh Abd el-Gourna.

According to researchers it is a small replica of the design of the “Osireion” built under the command of Egyptian pharaoh Seti I in the city Abydos, Luxor (southern Egypt). On the north wall of this complex an entrance was discovered that leads to stairs to the funerary complex dedicated to one of the most important Ancient Egyptian deities Osiris.

Drawing by: Raffaella Carrera. Min Project
Drawing by: Raffaella Carrera. Min Project

“It’s a unique tomb in the Theban Necropolis, because it has all the features of the mythological tomb of Osiris,” stated the co-director of the Mission, Spanish Egyptologist Milagros Alvarez Sosa.

Researchers discovered a transversal hall supported by 5 pillars, a staircase that leadis down into the bedrock to a complex dedicated to the god of the netherworld, Osiris.

A relatively well-perserved statue of Osiris is located in a chapel with a vaulted ceiling in the middle of an intricate structure. In front of the Osiris statue there is a staircase with a shaft cut into it. This shaft goes down for about 9 meters, leading to a room and a second shaft, which is about 6 meters deep, ending in the deepest part of the monument. According to researchers it is a very well-built and structured complex.

Photo by Paolo Bondielli. Min Project
Photo by Paolo Bondielli. Min Project

Alvarez stressed the “great importance” of this discovery “because the burial chambers contain the remains of mummies who slept their eternal sleep under the god of the dead, Osiris”.

In one of these cameras, buried at nine six feet deep, researchers discovered decorations of “demons” and deities on the walls holding knives in their hands protecting the body of the deceased,” said Alvarez.

After closing the second campaign last year on December 15, Alvarez announced that in the next excavation,  starting in autumn, the ream of researchers will start to “study the burial chambers and deepen the study of the complex in order to reach other conclusions that better explain the meaning of this grave. ”

During his reign,  Seti I aimed to lift constructions in the holy city of Abydos in a goal to expand its influence in the north and further expand the devotion to Osiris, according to Mamdouh Damati, Minister of Antiquities.

In a statement, the Director of Antiquities of Upper Egypt, Abdel Hakim Karar said the grave number 327 is composed of a large hall supported by five pillars.

The cult of Osiris was renamed at the beginning of the dynasty V (2465-2323 a.) The local deity of Abydos identified as jenti Amanti, was renamed as Osiris jenti Amanti.

Photo by Matjaz Kacicnik. Min Project
Photo by Matjaz Kacicnik. Min Project

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Source: The Min Project


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