Archaeologists have discovered the remains of a lost ancient city in northern Iraq, near the town of Dohuk. Experts say that this ‘prominent’ ancient city was an outpost that belonged to the Ancient Akkadian Empire which was founded over 5,000 years ago. During excavations, researchers found evidence of the Akkadian Empire period (2340-2200 BC), which is considered as the first world empire in human history.
As reported by ScienceDaily, using geomagnetic resistance measurements, the archaeologists discovered indications of an extensive road network, various residential districts, grand houses and a kind of palatial building dating from the Bronze Age.
Archaeologists have uncovered evidence of an ancient city wall and a temple which they believed was dedicated to the ancient Mesopotamian weather god Adad.
According to reports, the ancient city was established sometime around 3,000 BCE. Analysis revealed that the city flourished for over 1,200 years and there is evidence to support it was occupied during the Akkadian Empire period (2340-2200 BCE).
Scientists led by Peter Pfälzner of the University of Tübingen and Hasan Qasim of the Dohuk Antiquities Department conducted the excavation at Bassetki between August and October of 016. As a result, they were able to avoid the construction of a road where the city is located, preventing possible damage to the historical finding reports Past Horizons.
Pfälzner, who led the latest dig, said: “The area around Bassetki is proving to be an unexpectedly rich cultural region, which was located at the crossroads of communication ways between the Mesopotamian, Syrian and Anatolian cultures during the Bronze Age. We’re therefore planning to establish a long-term archaeological research project in the region in conjunction with our Kurdish colleagues.”
During excavations, archaeologists discovered a number of interesting objects which helped them understand the importance of the ancient city. According to reports, some 2,700 years ago, this ancient city had a massive wall protecting the city from invaders.
In addition, archaeologists discovered large stone structures which were erected around 1,800 BCE.
Researchers also found fragments of Assyrian cuneiform tablets that date back more than 3,000 years and suggest the existence of a temple dedicated to the weather god of Mesopotamia, Adad.
“Although the excavation site is only 28 miles (45 km) from territory controlled by the IS, it was possible to conduct the archaeological work without any disturbances,” the archaeologists noted.
“We lived in the city of Dohuk, which is only 37 miles (60 km) north of Mosul, during the excavation work.”
“The area around Bassetki is proving to be an unexpectedly rich cultural region, which was located at the crossroads of communication ways between the Mesopotamian, Syrian and Anatolian cultures during the Bronze Age,” Prof. Pfälzner added.
“We’re therefore planning to establish a long-term archaeological research project in the region in conjunction with our Kurdish colleagues.”
The first great Empire?
The Akkadian Empire was a great kingdom of Mesopotamia formed from the conquests of Sargon.
It maintained its maximum splendor between the XXIV and XXII centuries B.C., in which five monarchs succeeded: Sargon himself, his sons Rimush and Manishutusu, his grandson Naram-Sin and his son, Sharkalisharri who ruled a total of 141 years.
The dominions of the Akkadian Empire extended to the entire basin of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, Elam, Syria and according to ancient inscriptions even further towards Lebanon and the Mediterranean coast.
According to inscriptions the ancient Akkadian Empire even made incursions into Anatolia, and the interior of the Zagros mountains and the Empire had control over the trade routes in the Persian Gulf towards Magan (possibly Oman) and the Indus Valley region.