Undoubtedly, popular culture does not do him the justice he deserves and his name goes more unnoticed than it should be. Gilgamesh is the father of all the mythological heroes that have been known in the history of mankind.
He was the first.
Like many things in our culture, he too originated in ancient Sumer, the land considered the cradle of civilization, hidden deep in the lands of ancient Mesopotamia.
Probably the first superhero in history, Gilgamesh achieved fame above all as the protagonist of the “Poem of Gilgamesh”, also called the”Epic of Gilgamesh“.
Historical evidence suggests that Gilgamesh built the city walls of Uruk to defend his people. Gilgamesh fought against the demon Humbaba (or Huwawa), along with his former enemy Enkidu.
After killing the daemon, they brought his head back to Uruk on a raft, built from massive trees. Gilgamesh and Enkidu also defeated the Bull of Heaven sent by the furious goddess Ishtar after Gilgamesh refused to become her lover.
The Epic of Gilgamesh, (believed to have been written circa 2150—1400BCE) the great Sumerian poetic work, is considered the oldest piece of epic world literature.
It predates Homer’s writings by at least 1,500 years.
The first epic poem that is preserved in the annals of history, it recounts his adventures and the search for immortality after the death of his friend Enkidu.
It is believed that the epic was written approximately in the year 2500 B.C., made sure to survive history embodied in clay tablets.
History places him as the main hero, a cruel and lustful king, who slept with newly married women before they consummated the marriage with their husbands.
The ancient Sumerian King List tells us a great deal about Gilgamesh.
According to the historical list, Gilgamesh was the son of the goddess Ninsun and a priest named Lillah and was the ruler of the district of Kulab and fifth king of the city Uruk around 2750 BC. Gilgamesh was two-thirds God from his mother, the goddess Ninsun, and one-third human from his father.
According to “Pabilsag‘s Journey to Nibru,” Ninsun was originally named Nininsina. According to the ancient Babylonian text, Nininsina wedded Pabilsag near a riverbank and gave birth to Damu as a result of the union.
He succeeded King Lugalbanda and reigned for 126 years and then left the throne to his son Ur-Nungal, who ruled for 30 years.