Here’s A Detailed Look Into The Mysterious Osiris Shaft Beneath The Pyramids Of Giza

If you travel to the Giza plateau, you should know that there are many incredible things to explore, in addition to the three main pyramids.

One such fantastic feature is the so-called Tomb of Osiris, or commonly referred to as the Osiris Shaft.

Located beneath the stone causeway of the Pyramid of Khafre, this enigmatic tomb is a mysterious structure composed of various intricately carved levels beneath the surface.

Despite the fact that its existence has been known for a few years, it wasn’t until recently that the structure was adequately excavated and documented.

In ancient times, the shaft was used by people as a swimming hole since it was filled with water.

Selim Hassan and his team were one of the first to explore the shaft in the 1930‘s, but it wasn’t until 1999 when the structure was fully excavated by Zahi Hawass. By 1999 the water levels at the Giza plateau had lowered to the point that a detailed excavation was possible.

Here is Selim Hassan’s description of the Osiris Shaft:

Selim Hassan’s 1933-34 excavations report for Giza.

“Upon the surface of the causeway, they first built a platform in the shape of a mastaba, using stones taken from the ruins of the covered corridor of the causeway. In the centre of this superstructure, they sank a shaft, which passed through the roof and floor of the subway running under the causeway to a depth of about 9.00 m. At the bottom of this shaft is a rectangular chamber, in the floor of the eastern side of which is another shaft. This descends about 14.00 m. and terminates in a spacious hall surrounded by seven burial-chambers, in each of which is a sarcophagus. Two of these sarcophagi, which are of basalt and are monolithic, are so enormous that at first, we wondered if they contained the bodies of sacred bulls.”

It was revealed that the shaft is composed of three different levels.

The first level was found to be empty.

The second level is a tunnel that leads into a room with six other chambers carved out of the stone walls. Inside these chambers, researchers have recovered pottery sherds, ceramic beads, and ushabtis (small servant figurines).

Furthermore, basalt sarcophagi were found in Chambers C, D, and G; badly decomposed skeletal remains were found in the sarcophagi in Chambers C and G. Based on stylistic grounds the artifacts, sarcophagi included, date to Dynasty 26 (ibid: 386-87).

An overview of the Osiris Shaft.

In the lowest chamber of the Osiris shaft, some 30 meters below the surface lies a mystery described by Herodotus, which was written off as a myth by mainstream scholars.

However, it turned out that Herodotus was right all along, and mainstream scholars were wrong.

The lowest chamber of the shaft is a sort of subterranean hall, and inside it lies a sarcophagus, perfectly preserved and empty. The third level of the Osiris Shaft is found to be more complex regarding design and architecture.

The most important discovery made in the third level of the Osiris Shaft was red-polished pottery, containing traces of white paint. Experts managed to date back the pottery remains to the 6thy dynasty, from the end of the Old Kingdom.

This means that the pottery recovered in the third level is, in fact, the oldest possible datable material in the entire complex.

Based on research and archeological evidence recovered throughout the years, the Osiris Shaft is believed to date originally from the Old Kingdom, more precisely to the Sixth Dynasty (2355-2195 BCE).

The Osiris shaft was opened to the public for the first time in 2017.

Recently, author and researcher Brien Foerster explored the Osiris Shaft.

The result?

A magnificent insight into the mysterious shaft proving that despite the fact that we know a lot about ancient Egypt, there are many details we have still not uncovered.

Check out the video:

Brien Foerster and his team will return to the Giya plateau in April 2019. For more information check this out.

Zahi Hawass’s essay about the Osiris Shaft can be downloaded from this link: The Discovery of the Osiris Shaft at Giza.

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The 12,000-Year-Old Bosnian Pyramids, A Massive Archaeological Cover-Up?

The fact that Pyramids are scattered across the planet isn’t a surprise. From America to Asia, archaeologists have found how nearly all ancient cultures built massive monuments thousands of years ago. Some of them served as tombs, while the purpose of many other pyramids remains a mystery.

But this fact alone is why it isn’t surprising to hear that Pyramids have also been found in Europe, more precisely Bosnia.

An illustration of the largest of the pyramids near Visoko.

According to many authors, the Bosnian Pyramid Complex is around 12,000 years old and was built by a mysterious people near Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The structures were discovered back in 20015, when Dr. Semir Osmanagic announced he had discovered, beneath the hills of Visoko, a pyramidal complex and, which in addition to being one of the largest on Earth, was interconnected through a network of underground tunnels.

Dr. Osmanagic not only claims to have discovered four pyramids but he, as well as many other authors, are convinced that these pyramids are traces of a lost people.

His thesis holds that both the Mesoamerican and Egyptian pyramids are the work of the same people who built the four pyramids of Bosnia Herzegovina and that the pyramidal complex could be, according to his words, “the mother of all the pyramids.”

The Pyramid Valley in Bosnia.

In 2006, a great project was set up to restore the top of the Pyramid of the Sun.

Dr. Osmanagic assures that it is the most important of the four Pyramids measuring 360 meters in height.

Back then, the Bosnian Government made available the necessary funds to continue the excavation work in the Visoko region.

Dr. Osmanagic claimed that, over the centuries, some of the pyramids had lost their shape and that the material covering the Pyramids today did not allow to appreciate their geometry, so it was necessary to properly excavate them.

The decision of the Bosnian Government to fund the project raised a controversy in the European Association of Archaeologists, which was forced, in 2006, to write a manifesto against the decision of the Government of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The massive Pyramid is said to hide in plain sight.

“We, the undersigned professional archaeologists from all parts of Europe, wish to protest strongly at the continuing support by the Bosnian authorities for the so-called “pyramid” project being conducted on hills at and near Visoko. This scheme is a cruel hoax on an unsuspecting public and has no place in the world of genuine science. It is a waste of scarce resources that would be much better used in protecting the genuine archaeological heritage and is diverting attention from the pressing problems that are affecting professional archaeologists in Bosnia-Herzegovina on a daily basis.”

Some authors consider that the document was a massive cover-up. The letter was signed by Hermann Parzinger, President of German Archaeological Institute in Berlin; Willem Willems, Inspector General of Rijksinspectie Archeologie in The Hague; Jean-Paul Demoule, President of the Institut nationale de recherches archéologiques préventives (INRAP) in Paris; Romuald Schild, Director of the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw; Vassil Nikolov, Director of the Institute of Archaeology of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences in Sofia; Anthony Harding, President of the European Association of Archaeologists; and Mike Heyworth, Director of the Council for British Archaeology in York.

But why go through so much to stop excavations?

After all, if there aren’t any pyramids in Bosnia, why go through such an effort to stop the man? Why not let him dig? Time would eventually tell who was right, whether it was Dr. Osmanagic or all other archaeologists who were against the excavation process.

What the pyramid may have looked like, according to authors who consider the Pyramids of Visoko are real.

That’s because according to some experts, ‘genuine archaeological sites’ from the region could perish if the excavations go through.

According to reports, archaeological excavations in the summer of 2008 by archaeologists who are not related to Osmanagić’s Foundation uncovered medieval artifacts, which led to renewed calls for the government to cancel Osmanagić’s digging permits.

Amar Karapuš, a curator at the Historical Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Sarajevo, said, “When I first read about the pyramids I thought it was a very funny joke. I just couldn’t believe that anyone in the world could believe this.”

Garrett Fagan of Penn State University is quoted as saying, “They should not be allowed to destroy genuine sites in the pursuit of these delusions[…] It’s as if someone was permitted to bulldoze Stonehenge to find secret chambers of lost ancient wisdom underneath.”

Enver Imamović of the University of Sarajevo, a former director of the National Museum of Sarajevo, concerned that the excavations will damage historic sites such as the medieval royal capital Visoki, said that the excavations would “irreversibly destroy a national treasure.”

Furthermore, mainstream scholars such as Curtis Runnels, an American expert on prehistoric Greece and the Balkans from Boston University, claimed that the people who inhabited Bosnia and Herzegovina in the past, were a primitive people who were small in number and who “did not have the tools or skills to engage in the construction of monumental architecture.”

But Runnels, for example, is clearly underestimating the ancient people that lived in these areas thousands of years ago.

One clear example is the Vinca Culture, an ancient people who occupied the region of Southeastern Europe (i.e. the Balkans) corresponding mainly to modern-day Serbia but also parts of Romania, Bulgaria, Bosnia, Montenegro, Republic of Macedonia, and Greece. This ancient culture, which existed around 10,000 years ago created the so-called Vinča symbols, which some believe are the earliest form of proto-writing. The Vinča culture also provides the earliest known example of copper metallurgy.

But despite received heavy criticism from ‘mainstream experts’, Osmanagic and his team have pursued their goal firmly. As a Bosnian, Osmanagic surely isn’t interested in destroying the rich history of the countries culture, and according to many, his only goal is to reveal an even richer history of not only the country he comes from but the ancient people that once inhabited these parts of Europe.

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The Earth Grid: Are Ancient Monuments The Result Of A Global Consciousness?

In addition to the fact that Earth is so far the only planet capable of hosting life as we know it, many other mysteries engulf our home world.

Throughout millennia, ancient civilizations around the globe left their mark on history. Building supermassive structures that defy explanation, our ancestors made sure to remain ever-present in history books.

Today, we admire and research awestriking monuments built thousands of years ago, trying to answer some of the most important historical questions: How did civilization develop, how they managed to transport massive stones weighing up to one hundred tons, and why so many monuments are similar in design?

What if there was a higher purpose to these ancient structures?

But perhaps the most critical question we have failed to address is: Is it possible that ancient monuments were built with a higher purpose? And what if, these striking structures were constructed not randomly, but were strategically positioned around the globe?

Have you ever noticed that some ancient monuments appear to be connected? If you take a look at the world map and look at the position of ancient monuments, you’ll notice that some of them can easily be connected with straight lines, almost as if the ancient builders used advanced forms of geometry, and mathematical equations carved into stone, making already mind-boggling monuments ever more mysterious.

Many authors have asked, and failed to answer why the Pyramids of Egypt were built?

Furthermore, we have failed to answer how the Ancient Egyptians how these massive monuments were erected, and we have not managed to understand how the ancient Egyptians managed to place the Great Pyramid of Giza at the exact center of all land mass on Earth.

Did you know that the east/west parallel that crosses the most land and the north/south meridian that crosses the most land intersect in two places on the earth, one in the ocean and the other at the Great Pyramid?

Don’t you wonder how this was possible without the ability to fly?

How did the ancients manage this without the ability to know how the world’s landmass looked like at that time?

The Pyramids, specifically those found at Giza, are an amazing achievement of several sciences together: geometry, physics, and mathematics, all combined to form monuments that have stood the test of time.

For example, the weight of the Great Pyramid of Giza is estimated at 5,955,000 tons.

Multiplied by 10^8 gives a reasonable estimate of the earth’s mass.

If we were to recreate the Great Pyramid of Giza today, we would have difficulties doing so, despite our knowledge and machinery.

This fact alone makes the Pyramids of Giza a true ancient marvel.

We don’t want to take away credit to the ancient man who built incredible structures like the Pyramids, but did they really manage this with sticks and stones? Or did they, as some authors suggest, possess far more advanced technology than we are willing to accept?

I can’t help to wonder if there is a slight chance that somehow, ancient cultures all over the world were connected, either through a global consciousness, or another global phenomenon that helped point them in a single direction, which resulted in the construction of countless ancient sites that look alike as if it was a construction process on a global scale.

Almost as if every single culture on our planet felt the need to place monuments such as the pyramids, the Stonehenge, Teotihuacan and other incredible places in specific locations.

What these ancient civilizations did was create a pattern, a pattern that we today are identifying and connecting, forming a massive puzzle, piece by piece.

Many authors wonder if it is possible that many ancient monuments were not placed randomly.

Image Credit: Simon E. Davies.

Some authors are convinced that that embedded in these megalithic constructions, there lies a secret code that can explain how, why, and who built and organized these incredible monuments that are scattered across the planet.

The more we research ancient civilizations and their history, culture, and knowledge, the more surprised we are.

The more we find, the more we understand how little we know.

What if the ancient Egyptians did not place the Pyramids randomly? What if Pyramids, temples, and tombs we marked a specific geographic location? And what if other civilizations around the globe did the same? What if civilizations in the Americas and Asia did the same? What if all ancient sites were built with a plan?

Researchers have discovered connections between sacred structures and powerfully charged areas of the globe where the Earth’s electromagnetic energy accumulates.

These locations were important and held meaning to the ancients. But how did the ancients know of these geographic locations?

Ancient astronaut theorists point towards the so-called “world grid” or “The Earth Grid”. This theory maintains that ancient civilizations around the globe, purposely constructed their monuments on energy lines that when mapped and connected create a significant pattern, as if when connected they form a sort of energy web.

The whole idea of the “world grid” is that the Earth is like a huge crystal where the energy flows around through little nodules.

Energy paths intersect and move all over the world.

In fact, before the ancient astronaut theory came into existence, thousands of years ago, an ancient Greek philosopher took the first steps to identify specific locations on Earth.

Plato was one of the first to propose the basic structure of the Earth evolved from geometric shapes now known today as Platonic Solids.

What Plato did was extremely interesting because he described the Earth as being created from 12 pentagonal faces, and 20 vortexes on the surface.

When you take all of them, join them, and go on the map and mark them, you realize that there are geometrical formations that appear among them.

Everything becomes connected.

In fact, Plato wrote that there was a world soul which he described as a sphere that was composed of 120 equal identical triangles.

Some researchers and scientists today believe that this could be applied to the Earth.

Is it possible that hidden in these patterns is a secret energy source?

A form of technology that could have helped the ancient civilizations build their monuments?

A proof that the Earth Grid actually exists and that we can harness energy from it?

Thanks to our advanced science and technology today, we are aware of the electromagnetic field, and certain energies that reside in the earth.

But thousands of years ago, how could the ancients have known this? And if they did know about certain frequencies and energies, did they really build monuments to maybe ‘harness’ certain energies?

What we see today is evidence of a higher consciousness present in ancient civilizations.

It is as if ancient civilizations knew that if they placed their monuments in specific locations they could connect to the so-called energy grid. Many ancient cultures believed that everything would come into flow, if they placed their monuments on specific, planned locations.

This was practiced by almost all ancient cultures we know of. From the Mayas, Ancient Egyptians to civilizations in Mesopotamia and Asia.

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What On Earth Is That? Have UFO Hunters Found A Massive Antenna on Antarctica?

Apparently, Antarctica has all the perfect ingredients for being called a Conspiracy haven.

Now, A UFO Hunter and Youtuber from Arizona (USA) claims to have discovered a giant object using satellite images from Google Earth on the Frozen Continent.

According to his claims, there’s a massive Antenna covered by thick layers of snow on Antarctica, and it wasn’t placed there by penguins, was it?

Antarctica, a continent shrouded in mystery

For years has Antarctica been mentioned in the same sentence as UFO, Conspiracy, Aliens, Secret Bases, and Pyramids.

But what makes Antarctica so mysterious, and is there anything anomalous on the frozen continent at all, other than secret penguin societies?

This is the result of wind currents, right? Image Credit: YouTube

Mostly because of its isolated geographical position, Antarctica is being bombarded by stories of secret bases, aliens, and pyramids.

Its far away from society, its mostly uninhabited, its covered in snow, and it was once a continent teeming with life.

But because of the fact that it’s mostly uninhabited, visited mostly only by scientific expeditions, and located far away from society, the continent of Antarctica offers all necessary ingredients for a great conspiracy theory.

The above facts have made Antarctica appear every once in a while, in news as one of the most mysterious places on Earth.

Therefore, it is not strange that numerous ‘conspiracy theories, claims, and accounts’ have been proposed throughout the years, trying to explain some of the many enigmatic occurrences on Earth’s most isolated continent.

Many authors have proposed that there are many interesting things hidden beneath Antarctica that are kept away from society.

And even though we know about Antarctica only for a little over 100 years, there are numerous ancient maps that depict parts of Antarctica free of ice.

Anyway, despite the fact that many details about Antarctica are exaggerated, every once in a while, something new is found on the icy continent.

Now, a man who goes by the nickname MrMBB333, believes that satellite images from Antarctica supposedly show a structure with straight lines which he reckons, is not the product of nature, nor wind currents, for that matter.

Oh, here’s the video:

Skeptics argue that it’s just snowdrifts, but Michael insists it’s a giant antenna.

The question that arises now is who could have built such a structure in a place like that if of course, it is a massive manmade structure.

So, what do you think?

Could this be some sort of massive underground facility on Antarctica? Or is this discovery, as skeptics suggest, just the result of mother nature and wind currents?

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10 Of The Most Mysterious Discoveries Made On Earth

The history of our planet is full of incredible mysteries. The more we search and research, the more mysteries we uncover. And despite the fact that archaeologists and scientists work hard to figure everything out, we know very little about our past.

As Best Selling author Graham Hancock has said, we are a species with amnesia.

Proof of this are the countless discoveries that have been made throughout the years, which question our beliefs, the4 fundaments of society, and capabilities of ancient civilizations.

Here, in this article, we bring you some of the most inexplicable, and history-challenging discoveries that have been made on Earth.

Aerial view of Sacsayhuaman.


Sacsayhuamán is without a doubt one of the most incredible ancient sites ever discovered on the planet. Why? Not only because of the history of this ancient city but because of the supermassive stones used in its construction.

The ceremonial complex is well-known for its impeccable masonry that is so precise that engineers today have no clue how it was made.

Some of the stones at Sacsayhuamán are so perfectly fitted that not a single sheet of paper can fit in between.

The Gate of the Sun. Image credit: Shutterstock.

The Gate of The Sun ( Puerta del Sol)

The Gate of the Sun is a megalithic solid stone arch or gateway located in Tiwanaku, an ancient mysterious city located in Bolivia.

Archaeologists believe this ancient city was the center of a vast empire during the first millennium AD.

And despite the fact that we know a lot about South American ancient civilizations, researchers are still not able to figure out the meaning of some of the drawings that are enshrined in the monuments of the ancient city.

Some experts believe these depictions have a great astrological and astronomical value, while other authors believe it is a gateway to another world.

The interior of the Longyou caves.

The Longyou Caves

The Longyou Caves are out of this world. This incredible set of caves is little talked about.

The Longyou Caves are a set of artificial caves that are believed to be at least 2000 years old and happen to be one of the largest structures ever excavated by man.

Researchers have been baffled by the size and precision of the caves.

Archaeologists, engineers, architects, and geologists from around the world have tried to figure out how, why and when were these artificial caves were built, but no one has offered a single solution to the many mysteries surrounding the caves.

Some argue that this ancient complex is a natural wonder.

The underwater city of Yonaguni – Japan

Referred to as Japans Atlantis, some authors argue the Yonaguni complex is an ancient monument left behind by an ancient civilization that existed on Earth before the last Ice Age.

These alleged ancient remains were discovered accidentally by scuba instructor Khachiro Arataki.

Some underwater archaeologists, as well as many authors, refer to this ancient complex as one of the most important underwater discoveries in recent years.

The discovery of the Yonaguni complex has questioned several scientific theories.

The incredibly carved rock sank is believed to have sunken more than 12,000 years ago, much before the Ancient Egyptians built the Pyramids.

Mainstream archaeology and science argue that no advanced civilizations existed on Earth before the last Ice Age and that ancient mankind was not able to carve such a complex structure.

Mohenjo-Daro archaeological site. Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons.


The archaeological site of Mohenjo Daro is considered by many ancient astronaut theorists as one of the best examples of ancient alien contact.

The destruction of this once great city has been a mystery for archaeologists and experts for decades.

Ancient Astronaut theorists claim that thousands of years ago, advanced alien civilizations visited Earth, and nuclear bombs were used to destroy this city.

The city was discovered in 1992 when Indian archaeologist R. Banardzhi found the ancient ruins on the banks of the Indus River.

Questions such as the cause of the destruction and the fate of its inhabitants remain a mystery to scholars.

Some researchers have postulated theories that this city was destroyed by the gods, with “advanced nuclear weapons.”

The underground city of Derinkuyu. Image Credit: Shutterstock.

The underground city of Derinkuyu

Another incredible feat of ancient engineering. Thousands of years ago, ancient people excavated hundreds of meters into the Earth, building one of the greatest ancient underground cities on Earth.

This incredible underground city has challenged the views and theories of archaeologists and engineers ever since its discovery.

Many mysteries engulf this underground city. No one has been able to understand why and how it was built.

While some authors indicate it was created to protect its inhabitants from climate change, extreme temperatures or even war, there are others who believe that its purpose is far more mysterious.

The elaboration of the spheres began around 300 AD.

Giant Stone Spheres

These giant stone spheres have been present from Costa Rica to Bosnia & Herzegovina, they come in all sorts of sizes. They were first found in South America in the 1930’s by workers who were clearing jungle to make way for a plantation of bananas.

South American legends say that hidden within the rocks are unimaginable treasures. This has led to the destruction of many of these spheres by people who did not recognize their historical value. Despite the fact that many of these spheres were destroyed, no one has ever found anything inside them. Similar spheres can be found in Europe in Bosnia & Herzegovina near Visoko.

No one can explain what these giant stone spheres are made for.

Many researchers believe that there are several pieces of evidence pointing towards the existence of highly advanced ancient civilizations that existed on Earth millions of years ago.

14 million-year-old vehicle tracks

According to a researcher called Dr. Koltypin, millions of years ago advanced technologies existed on Earth, and the traces we see in the above image were left behind by vehicles 14 million years ago

As noted by Russian Geologists, these mysterious traces are at least 14 million old and were left behind by “vehicles” that belonged to a currently “unknown ancient civilization” that inhabited our planet in the past.

Many researchers believe that we are not the first society to rule over this planet. In fact, a number of authors have claimed that many other advanced civilizations called this planet home in the past.

According to Dr. Koltypin and many other archaeologists, which have adopted new ways of thinking, these ancient “car tracks” are one of the best-preserved pieces of evidence which undoubtedly prove the existence of highly advanced ancient civilizations that inhabited our planet in the distant past.

The mysterious Natural Nuclear Reactor.

2 billion-year-old Natural Nuclear Reactor

In 1972, researchers confirmed the discovery of a set of Natural Nuclear Reactors in Gabon. Ever since, scientists have scratched their heads trying to understand how it is possible that these nuclear reactors developed in Gabon two billion years ago, and did not come into existence at any other place on the Planet.

As claimed by experts, more than two billion years ago, parts of the African uranium deposit spontaneously underwent nuclear fission. According to scientists, this mysterious “natural” nuclear reactor had the ability to produce modest energy. Scientists estimate the Oklo reactors would have had samples with roughly 3.6% uranium-235 — that’s close to the enrichment threshold of modern nuclear reactors.

A Massive knife discovered underwater

Not much can be found about this mysterious image.

We see a massive knife, held by three scuba drivers somewhere on Earth’s ocean.

The image has been widely shared among people on social networks, and many consider it evidnece that, before written history, perhaps tens of thousands of years ago, giants walked on Earth.

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Have We Found A 20,000-Year-Old Pyramid Where Plato Said Atlantis Would Be?

Is there a slight possibility that there is a massive Pyramid where Plato said Atlantis was once located? The alleged underwater pyramid is around 60 meters tall, and has a base of 8000 square meters.

Every time I read about Atlantis and that someone found ‘something—anything,’ that may indicate Atlantis was real I get really exciting.

Atlantis is probably the dream discovery of any archaeologists, despite the fact that many refer to it as a mythical place. Throughout the years, countless people have claimed to have found the ultimate evidence that Atlantis was once real. Despite this, no one has actually found solid evidence that would indicate Atlantis was anything more than a great ancient story.

According to Sonchis of Sais, Atlantis—a great ancient civilization—existed 9,000 years ago

According to Solon, after traveling to Egypt on numerous occasions he met a man called Sonchis of Sais—an ancient Egyptian Priest—who told him about a great civilization that existed 9,000 years before their time. This is well documented in Plato’s dialogues Timaeus and Critias.

Now, it is Plato who tells us, according to Salon, where Atlantis was located.

The mighty Atlantean island appeared as a military power that existed nine thousand years before the time of the Athenian Legislator Solon, who, according to Plato, is the source of the story.

It was allegedly located beyond the Pillars of Hercules and is described as larger than Libya and Asia Minor together.

The power of Atlantis was such that it came to dominate western Europe and northern Africa until it was stopped by the city of Athens.

At that very moment a catastrophe, which is not described, made both the island and the rival armies disappear;

“Through violent earthquakes and floods, in a single day and night of misfortune … [the whole race] … was swallowed up by the Earth and the island of Atlantis … disappeared into the depths of the sea.” – Plato.

Was Atlantis real? Image Credit: Shutterstock.

The sea where Atlantis was located soon became unnavigable because, while Athens and the people of Greece forgot the event, because only a few survived.

In Egypt, on the other hand, the memory that, thousands of years later came to Solon’s knowledge and, from his stories and a manuscript to Critias the narrator, the history of Atlantis was eventually was preserved.

But… what have we found beyond the Pillars of Hercules that might suggest Atlantis was in fact located there? The Azores are a set of nine volcanic islands that are located over a thousand kilometers from Portugal’s capital, Lisbon.

Located just off the islands of São Miguel and Terceira in the Azores, researchers have allegedly identified a massive structure located beneath the ocean.

The Islands of Azores are located precisely where Plato said, the mythical city/state of Atlantis would be found.

As noted by media and countless articles from the internet, the Pyramid off the coast of the Azores islands is a square pyramid, which is perfectly oriented by its cardinal points. Researchers claim that the structure has been submerged for at least 20,000 years, or around the last ice age when our planet’s glaciers were melting.

According to newspaper reports from Portugal, Diocleciano Silva first discovered the underwater pyramid. Early estimates indicate that the structure is at least 60 meters high and has a base of 8000 square meters.

Silva is said to have discovered the Pyramid while he was on a fishing trip and stumbled across the submerged pyramid using bathymetric equipment on board his ship (Bathymetry is the study of underwater depth of lake or ocean floors. In other words, Bathymetry is the underwater equivalent to hypsometry or topography.).

Speaking to Diário Insular, Silva said: “the pyramid is perfectly shaped and apparently oriented by the cardinal points.”

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Researchers Find Thousand-Year-Old Pyramid City In The Heart Of Mexico

Researchers have made a sensational discovery in Mexico, as they have uncovered the remains of an ancient Pyramid city as densely built as Manhattan. During its peak, this ancient city is believed to have been inhabited by more than 100,000 people.

Using state-of-the-art laser technology; users discovered the lost city of Angamuco, built by the ancient Purepecha people, a rival culture of the ancient Azteca.

The recently uncovered archaeological site had 26 square kilometers and remained hidden for several centuries as dense vegetation devoured it.

Seen here are examples of sunken plazas, patios, and related features in Angamuco. Photograph: C Fisher

LiDAR—Making Archaeology great again

Since 2011, a group of researchers has used laser scanning technology called LiDAR to examine the remains of an ancient metropolis called Angamuco, established during 900 AD on the shores of Lake Pátzcuaro, in the Mexican state of Michoacán.

‘To think that this massive city existed in the heartland of Mexico for all this time and nobody knew it was there is kind of amazing,’ said Chris Fisher, professor of anthropology at CSU who made the admission of missing the finding on foot.

LiDAR technology is helping archaeologists around the globe make unprecedented discoveries. Using traditional methods of on-the-ground archaeological surveys would take 20 years to assemble as much data as two days using the laser-based technique, note experts.

One of Angamuco’s ‘neighbourhoods’, revealed using LiDAR technology. Photograph: C Fisher

LiDAR can help researchers see what the naked eye can’t, thanks to the technologies ability to penetrate through thick layers of vegetation.

The technology offers researchers a new set of eyes, allowing them to see what they’d never see without it. In fact, after seeing the results of the scan, one of the team members realized that he had walked within 10 meters of one of the most massive pyramids of the ancient city of Angamuco, without even realizing it, since the pyramids—and entire city—are covered in thick layers of vegetation.

‘If you do the math, all of a sudden you are talking about 40,000 building foundations up there, which is [about] the same number of building foundations that are on the island of Manhattan.’

In an interview, Fisher said that thanks to LiDAR they have discovered that “more than 100,000 people inhabited the city of Angamuco during its peak, which occurred between the year 1,000 and 1,350 AD. We are talking about the fact that this metropolis is the largest metropolis that, until now, is known in western Mexico during this period.”

The discoveries have helped researchers understand that pre-Columbian Mesoamerica was ‘significantly more densely populated at the time of European contact’ than previously thought.

The researcher from Colorado State University said that “Angamuco was a large settlement that had many people and a lot of architectural remains.”

He added: “Some estimates of our studies show that there may have been more than 40,000 buildings, that is, the same number of buildings that are currently on the island of Manhattan, in New York.”

Seen here is the city of Angamuco, which was inhabited by more than 100,000 people during its peak. Photograph: C Fisher

Between the 15th and 16th centuries, the Purépecha empire, with capital in Tzintzuntzan, was a Mesoamerican power that resisted the push of the Mexica Empire.

This ancient culture encompassed the southern part of the state of Guanajuato, much of the state of Michoacán and the northern region of the state of Guerrero to the south of the State of Mexico.

Its military and economic success were due, in part, to the fact that the Purépechas were skilled metal workers in both gold and copper, which undoubtedly helped maintain their independence from the Aztecs.

The ancient Purépechas were exclusive speakers of the Purepecha language, an isolated language that has no proven historical relationship with any other in the region.

The most famous source of information about the Purépechas is the Michoacán relation written by Fray Jerónimo de Alcalá for Viceroy Antonio de Mendoza around 1540.

Source: Laser scanning reveals ‘lost’ ancient Mexican city ‘had as many buildings as Manhattan’

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Teotihuacan; An Ancient City That Resembles A Circuit Board When Viewed From Above

“From the air, Teotihuacan’s city layout mysteriously resembles a computer circuit board with two massive processor chips, which in this case are represented by the Pyramid of the Sun and the Moon.

The ancient city of Teotihuacan is one of the oldest Pre-Columbian cities in the American continent.

Built by an unknown civilization, the mysterious city was found devoured by vegetations when the ancient Aztecs arrived.

Excavations have shown that the structures of Teotihuacan have abnormal amount of Mica embedded into them, a fact that raises numerous questions.

An aerial view of Teotihuacan. Image Credit: Shutterstock.

Teotihuacan, the city of the gods

Teotihuacan from Nahuatl: Teōtihuācan, is the ”place where men become gods,” the “place where the gods were made, or city of the gods”. The name of Nahuatl origin was used by the Mexica, Aztecs, to identify this city built by a civilization before them and which was already in ruins when the Mexica saw it for the first time.

To date the name given by its original inhabitants is unknown.

The remains of the city are located northeast of the Valley of Mexico.

The city is shrouded in mystery for a number of reasons. Despite the fact that it was one of the most influential cities in the American continent, we know very little about it. In fact, the origins of Teotihuacán are still the subject of research among experts.

Around the beginning of the Christian era, Teotihuacan was a village that gained importance as a center of worship in the Anáhuac basin.

The first significant constructions are believed to have been erected at that time, as shown by excavations performed at the Pyramid of the Moon.

The city grew in importance during the Classic Period (3rd to 7th centuries AD).

An illustration of a computer circuit board. Image Credit: History.

At that stage, the city was an important commercial and political node that reached an area of almost 21 km2, with a population ranging from 100,000 to 200,000 inhabitants.

The influence of Teotihuacan was felt in all the directions of Mesoamerica, as shown by the discoveries in cities such as Tikal, Monte Albán, and other sites that had an important relationship with Teotihuacan.

Scholars are unsure of the ethnic identity of the first inhabitants of Teotihuacan.

Among the candidates are the Totonacs, and the Nahuas.

An illustration of Teotihuacan. Comparing it to the image above, does it resemble a modern-day circuit board? Image Credit: History.

The most recent hypotheses suggest that Teotihuacan was a cosmopolitan city in whose flourishing groups of diverse ethnic origin were involved.

However, these are mere assumptions.

As noted previously, the identity of the people who founded Teotihuacan is a mystery.

Teotihuacan had long been abandoned before the arrival of the Spaniards to Mesoamerica. This means that the few references to the city that were preserved in the historical sources produced in the years after the Conquest of Mexico do not speak properly about the inhabitants of Teotihuacan but of the representation of those who lived after the Teotihuacan collapse.

The Nahua informants of Bernardino de Sahagún thought that Teotihuacan was the place where the gods met to give rise to Nahui Ollin, the Fifth Sun according to native mythology, a period which illuminates the contemporary era.

According to colonial sources, the Nahuas thought that Teotihuacan was built by the quinametzin, a race of giants that populated the world during the previous era and whose survivors hid away.

The temples, the pyramids of the city were imagined as massive tombs of the Gods who founded the city, a sacred place where after death, men would become gods.

For reasons that have not yet been fully elucidated, Teotihuacan collapsed towards the middle of the 8th century, giving rise to the Mesoamerican Epiclassic Period.

Teotihuacan was also apparently built mimicking the three stars of Orion.

According to archaeologists, the advanced design of Teotihuacan suggests that the ancient builders had the knowledge not only of architecture but of complex mathematical and astronomical sciences. One of the most amazing details about Teotihuacan, and what makes it different from other ancient sites is that when observed from the air, Teotihuacan’s city layout strangely resembles a computer circuit board with two large processor chips— the Sun Pyramid and the Moon Pyramid.

Researchers have also found numerous and remarkable similarities to the Great Pyramids of Egypt.

However, if the idea of Teotihuacan resembling a modern computer board doesn’t arouse your imagination, perhaps large amount of mica embedded into the monuments of Teotihuacan will.

Archaeologists have found that Teotihuacan’s structures are embedded with mica.

This mineral is found 3,000 miles away in Brazil and is found in nearly all buildings, housing complexes, temples and along the roads of Teotihuacan.

Excavations have revealed that the pyramid of the Sun in Teotihuacan contained considerable amounts of mica in layers up to 30 cm.

Certainly, Mica was not included in these constructions for decoration because you couldn’t actually see it, so it is clear that this mineral was incorporated into the monuments for another purpose.

Mica is stable when exposed to electricity, light, moisture, and extreme temperatures. It has superior electrical properties as an insulator and as a dielectric, and can support an electrostatic field while dissipating minimal energy in the form of heat; it can be split very thin (0.025 to 0.125 millimeters or thinner) while maintaining its electrical properties, has a high dielectric breakdown, is thermally stable to 500 °C, and is resistant to corona discharge.

At Teotihuacan, we basically have a massive ancient city, whose builders are unknown to history, with pyramids and surrounding structures that resemble a computer board when seen from the air.

In addition to that, we know that the builders of the ancient city incorporated Mica into the structures of the city. Mica wasn’t placed there for aesthetic purposes, which raises numerous questions. Is there perhaps an otherworldly influence behind Teotihuacan? And, is it possible that the entire city was not only built to serve as city, but to harness some sort of energy?

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New Technology Helps Find Thousands Of Mysterious Maya Structures Below Guatemalan Jungle

An immense, interconnected network of ancient cities was home to millions more people than researchers previously thought.

A group of researchers has identified the ruins of more than 60,000 houses, palaces, superhighways and other human settlements belonging to the ancient Maya that have been hidden for centuries under the jungles of northern Guatemala.

This finding is a great advance in the archaeological investigation of the Mayan civilization.

The discovery was made possible thanks to the use of LiDAR (Light Detection And Ranging), a device that allowed archaeologists to digitally remove trees from aerial images of Mayan cities, revealing the ruins of a pre-Columbian civilization that was much more complex and it was more interconnected than most experts believed.

More than 60,000 houses, palaces, superhighways and other human settlements were revealed with the help of LiDAR. Photo: Wild Blue Media, National Geographic.

“The LiDAR images make it clear that this entire region was a settlement system whose scale and population density had been grossly underestimated,” said Thomas Garrison, an Ithaca College archaeologist and National Geographic Explorer who specializes in using digital technology for archaeological research.

The researchers scanned more than 2,100 km² of the Maya Biosphere Reserve in Guatemala, in the Petén department, resulting in the largest data set ever obtained with LiDAR for archaeological research.

In addition to hundreds of previously unknown structures, the images provided by the LiDAR scan show networks of superhighways connecting urban centers, quarries and complex irrigation systems and agricultural terraces, which allowed the ancient Maya to feed hundreds of workers in charge of building the great cities that have now been discovered.

At first glance, all you can see is the thick jungle and a mound (above), but thanks to LiDAR technology in combination with augmented reality software we are able to reveal an ancient Mayan pyramid (below).

Curiously, the ancient Maya never used the wheel or pack animals, however, “this was a civilization that literally moved mountains,” said Marcello Canuto, an archaeologist at Tulane University and a National Geographic explorer who participated in this research.

All these results suggest that Central America housed an advanced and complex civilization comparable to ancient Greece.

At its height in the Classic Maya period (250-900 AD), this ancient civilization occupied an area roughly twice the size of medieval England, but it was much more densely populated.

“Most people had been comfortable with population estimates of around 5 million,” said Estrada-Belli, who directs a multi-disciplinary archaeological project at Holmul, Guatemala. “With this new data, it’s no longer unreasonable to think that there were 10 to 15 million people there—including many living in low-lying, swampy areas that many of us had thought uninhabitable.”

Among the most surprising discoveries was the ubiquity of defensive walls, ramparts, terraces, and a number of fortresses.

“Warfare wasn’t only happening toward the end of the civilization,” said Garrison. “It was large-scale and systematic, and it endured for many years.”

The new investigation also revealed thousands of pits dug by looters.

“Many of these new sites are new to us, but they are not new to looters,” said Marianne Hernández, president of the PACUNAM Foundation, a Guatemalan nonprofit organization that promotes scientific research, sustainable development and the preservation of cultural heritage.

Environmental degradation is another concern. Guatemala is losing more than 10 percent of its forests annually, and habitat loss has accelerated along its border with Mexico to the illegal burning and deforestation of land for agriculture and human settlements.

Featured image credit: Wild Blue Media, National Geographic

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5 Ancient Sites Many Believe Were Built By Aliens

The idea that early mankind was influenced by beings, not of Earth has widely spread in modern society.

With the emergence of the so-called Ancient Astronaut Theory, people have started questioning whether it is possible that in the distant past, perhaps tens of thousands of years ago, ancient mankind was visited by otherworldly beings, by spacefaring civilizations, which came to earth and helped instigate humankind.

On Earth, evidence of alien contact is, according to many, vast.

Many ancient sites on Earth defy explanation. For centuries have experts tried unraveling the mysteries how some of these sites were built. Scholars have wondered about how ancient civilizations had the ability to move supermassive blocks of stones, for hundreds of kilometers, from their quarries to the construction sites. They have tired solving the mystery of how they quarried some of these rocks, and with what kind of tools.

The more they searched, the more questions arose.

Since many questions were left unanswered, some people have started wondering whether some of these sites may have actually been built by aliens?

Sacsayhuaman—an ancient alien fortress?

Stones at Sacsayhuaman.

Located outside of Cusco is a massive ancient fortress called Sacsayhuaman. This ancient site was built with supermassive stones that have been chiseled and put into place like an enormous jigsaw puzzle. The ancient fortress walls are composed of Andean rocks that weigh more than 300 tons each, and were carried—transported—from more than 50 kilometers away. Furthermore, somehow these massive stones were lifted and fitted into place with laser-like precision.

Many people argue that cutting, transporting and fitting 300-ton-stones is something that the ancients could have achieved, but only with the help of interstellar visitors.

While personally, I believe that the builders of Sacsayhuaman were of terrestrial origin, I believe they had in their possession advanced ancient technologies that allowed them to achieve such incredible feats.

Teotihuacan—the city of Gods

A view of Teotihuacan. Image Credit: Shutterstock.

Teotihuacan is a massive ancient city best known for it massive pyramid complex and incredible astronomical alignment.

The city of the Gods was created thousands of years ago, and its design, architecture, and mysterious characteristics have led many people to believe it was built not by human hands.

One of the most massive structures in Teotihuacan is the Pyramid of the Sun. Interestingly, this structure is also one of the largest such constructions in the Western Hemisphere. Furthermore, the pyramid’s curious alignment is believed to be based on calendrical cycles.

The Pyramids of Giza

The Great Pyramid of Giza. Image Credit: Shutterstock.

How the Pyramids of the Giza plateau were built remains an unsolved mystery. Despite the fact that there is written evidence which explains how some of the blocks were transported to the pyramid, archaeologists really don’t know how the pyramid was built. How did the ancient Egyptians stack the massive blocks of stones? How did they move them as the pyramid grew? What was the true purpose of the pyramid? Why is it that the three main pyramids are aligned with Orion? Why haven’t experts found a mummy inside the pyramid, if it was built as a resting place? Why are there still undiscovered chambers inside it? How is it possible that the builders placed the Great Pyramid at the exact center of Earth’s landmass, more than 4,500 years ago?

All of these questions have led to numerous theories which suggest that the Pyramids were built not by human hands, but by an otherworldly influence.

Puma Punku

At a distance of around 45 miles west of La Paz Bolivia we find one of the most magnificent ancient sites on the surface of our planet.

The sheer number of megalithic stones found at Puma Punku are amongst the largest found on the planet. Puma Punku shatters all traditional views on ancient cultures. The incredibly precise stones, precision cuts, and polished surfaces have defied explanation for centuries. The andesite stones used in the construction process of this megalithic site were cut with such precision that they fit together perfectly, and are interlocked with each other without the use of mortar. This ancient site continues to defy the countless theories put forth by mainstream scholars, historians, and scientists. Many people argue that this ancient site was not the product of man, but of the gods who came down from heaven, thousands of years ago.

Stonehenge—an ancient alien landing pad?

Located outside of Salisbury we find a massive circle composed of stones, ranging in weight between 30 and 60 tons. Believed to have been built during the Neolithic, this fascinating ancient site inspired great authors like Erich von Däniken to ponder whether it’s a massive model of our solar system and whether it may have been used as a landing pad for alien spacecraft.

Today, modern scholars are still unable to decipher the mystery behind Stonehenge. Experts are unable to figure out how the ancient transported the massive stones, nor why they are positioned like they are.

Featured image credit: Leon Tukker. Freelance concept/environment artist and Illustrator.

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