Because what could possibly go wrong—scientists create a black hole on Earth

Nothing could go wrong reassure experts. Using the world’s most powerful and advanced X-Ray laser, experts have managed to create a ‘MINI BLACK HOLE’ in a laboratory which could lead to numerous revolutionary developments in science.

In this illustration, an ultra-intense X-ray laser pulse from SLAC’s Linac Coherent Light Source knocks so many electrons out of a molecule’s iodine atom (right) that the iodine starts pulling in electrons from the rest of the molecule (lower left), like an electromagnetic version of a black hole. Many of the stolen electrons are also knocked out by the laser pulse; then the molecule explodes. (DESY/Science Communication Lab)

The machine used extremely bright, intense, fast flashes of light in order to capture atomic-level snapshots of nature’s fastest processes known to us.

According to experts, a single pulse managed to strip away everything but a few electrons out of one atom from the INSIDE out. This resulted in a void that began to pull in electrons from the rest of the molecule—just as black holes feeds on a spiraling disc of matter in space.

This new breakthrough is expected to advance the imaging of viruses and bacteria, something that could eventually lead to the development of better medicines in the near future.

The so-called ‘molecular Black Hole’ was developed by scientists from the Kansas State University.

The results, published in Nature, give scientists fundamental insights they need to better plan and interpret experiments using the most intense and energetic X-ray pulses from SLAC’s Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) X-ray free-electron laser. As reported, the laser which created the molecular black hole (LCLS), is used to image individual biological objects, including viruses and bacteria.

“For any type of experiment you do that focuses intense X-rays on a sample, you want to understand how it reacts to the X-rays,” said Daniel Rolles of Kansas State University. “This paper shows that we can understand and model the radiation damage in small molecules, so now we can predict what damage we will get in other systems.”

As explained by SLAC, the experiment, led by Rolles and Artem Rudenko, took place at LCLS’s Coherent X-ray Imaging instrument (CXI).

The device is able to deliver X-rays with the highest possible energies achievable at LCLS, known as hard X-rays, and records data from samples in the instant before the laser pulse destroys them.

So… How intense are those X-ray pulses?

“They are about a hundred times more intense than what you would get if you focused all the sunlight that hits the Earth’s surface onto a thumbnail,” said LCLS staff scientist and co-author Sebastien Boutet.

Scientists used mirrors in order to focus the X-ray beam on a spot which is around 100 NANOMETERS in diameter—that’s around one thousand times SMALLER than the width of a human hair.

As reported by SLAC, “scientists observed three types of different samples, individual xenon atoms, which have 54 electrons each, and two types of molecules that each contain a single iodine atom, which has 53 electrons.”

Interestingly, based on previous studies experts expected electrons from the outer parts of the atom to drop into voids inside the atom. While this did occur, the process did not end there.

SLAC reports that the iodine atom also sucked in electrons from neighboring carbon and hydrogen atoms, losing a total of 54 electrons, resulting in a level of damage and disruption which is higher than expected, and greatly different in nature.

Artem Rudenko, the co-author of the study, said: “We think the effect was even more important in the larger molecule than in the smaller one, but we don’t know how to quantify it yet. We estimate that more than 60 electrons were kicked out, but we don’t actually know where it stopped because we could not detect all the fragments that flew off as the molecule fell apart to see how many electrons were missing. This is one of the open questions we need to study.”

Mike Dunne, director of the LCLS, concluded: “This has important benefits for scientists wishing to achieve the highest-resolution images of biological molecules to inform the development of better pharmaceuticals, for example.”


Source:

The World’s Most Powerful X-ray Laser Beam Creates ‘Molecular Black Hole’

A. Rudenko et al., Nature, 1 June 2017 (10.1038/nature22373)

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The ultimate Tesla guide; Tesla's 11 most incredible discoveries

‘Ere many generations pass, our machinery will be driven by a power obtainable at any point of the universe. Throughout space there is energy.Nikola Tesla, 1892

Nikola Tesla was a genius. He was a man who could almost do anything he wanted. He was an Inventor, electrical engineer, mechanical engineer, and futurist best known for his contributions to the design of the modern alternating current (AC) electricity supply system. But there are many other things that Tesla had his hands in, his inventions and registered patents are many, in fact there are so much of them that we couldn’t possibly list them all. Without all of Tesla’s ideas and inventions, our lives today would be much more miserable.

Here below, we have inventions of Tesla that changed our way of life and improved the human civilization. What would civilization be like today, if it wasn’t for Tesla?

Alternating Current – The Alternating Current can be resumed as being a form in which electrical power is delivered to a place. In alternating current the flow of an electrical charge periodically reverses direction. Audio and radio signals carried on electrical wires are also examples of alternating current.

Edison developed direct current — current that runs continually in a single direction, like in a battery or a fuel cell. During the early years of electricity, direct current (shorthanded as DC) was the standard in the U.S. But there was one problem. Direct current is not easily converted to higher or lower voltages. Tesla believed that alternating current (or AC) was the solution to this problem. Alternating current reverses direction a certain number of times per second — 60 in the U.S. — and can be converted to different voltages relatively easily using a transformer.

The “battle” between Edison and Tesla was intense, electrifying intense. Edison electrocuted Animals at demonstrations trying to discredit and show the world why his inventions were safer and better than those of Nikola Tesla. Tesla on the other hand demonstrated that his AC was safe by shooting current through his own body to produce light.

Robotics – Tesla firmly believed that all living beings are driven by “external” impulses. Tesla himself stated that: “I have by every thought and act of mine, demonstrated, and does so daily, to my absolute satisfaction that I am an automaton endowed with power of movement, which merely responds to external stimuli.” This statement was marked as the birth of Robotics. Tesla believed that even though possible, these “human replicas” should have limitations in place. Tesla saw the future way before modern science even knew what it was. He dreamed about electric cars, clean energy, free and limitless power, robotics, aviation and autonomous systems when our modern scientists were trying to understand how did Tesla do what he did.

The X-Ray – It is one of the most important discoveries for medicine. It has helped save millions of lives, and is another example of how much good can a person do. Even though X-ray technology was heavily researchers in the 1800s, Tesla got to the bottom of it. X-radiation is referred to with terms meaning Röntgen radiation, after Wilhelm Röntgen.

Roentgen’s letter to Tesla dated July 20th, 1901. The letter reads:

“Dear Sir! You have surprised me tremendously with the beautiful photographs of wonderful discharges and I tell you thank you very much for that. If only I knew how you make such things! With the expression of special respect I remain yours devoted, W. C. Roentgen.” (Courtesy of the Tesla Museum, Belgrade, Serbia; document no. MNT, CXLIV, 152.)

Light – Yes, Tesla is credited for the invention of “light” although he didn’t invent “light” literally, he did come across how “light” could be distributed and harnessed. Industry was way behind Tesla in a lot of things. Tesla developed and used fluorescent bulbs in his lab forty years before “industry” knew what they were. The Tesla coil is one of Tesla’s most impressive creations, and was something that the industry wanted very badly to suppress. The Idea that the Earth itself is a magnet which can generate electricity utilizing certain frequencies as a transmitter.

Laser – Nikola Tesla’s invention of the laser has been used both maliciously and benevolently. Today, lasers are used in everything, from entertainment, science, military and everything else. The invention of the laser, among other things, proves how Tesla envisioned the world. He had great power but chose to use it for the benefit of mankind.

Electric Motor – Tesla Motors? Yeah, all of that is possible thanks to Nikola Tesla. His invention of the electric motor is more popular than ever. Who needs Oil when you have Tesla’s incredible invention of a motor with rotating magnetic fields. It was an invention that no one, except Tesla understood back then. Thanks to the electric motor, there are dozens of other inventions that have allowed us to enjoy life in a much better way: Machine tools, power tools, compressors, etc…

Radio – Cannot forget Radio. Even though Guglielmo Marconi was credited for inventing the radio, the supreme court overturned Marconi’s patent registered in 1943 when it was proven that Nikola Tesla had invented the Radio way before Marconi did. Tesla demonstrated in 1893 before The National Electric Light Association that “radio signals” are just another frequency in need of a transmitter and received. Politics were deeply involved in the patents of Marconi and Tesla, it was a battle of interest.

Remote control – After having invented the Radio, the remote control technology was a natural follow-up. Demonstrated in 1898, patent No. 613809 was a remote-controlled model boat. Remote control has gone a long way since 1898. Today, the military has used Tesla’s incredible inventions for remote-controlled vehicles, aerial vehicles and space vehicles.

Tesla’s Flying machines – Tesla patented two very important invention that he claimed would revolutionize our world. US1,655,113 -Method of Aerial Transportation- January 3, 1928 and US1,655,114 -Apparatus for Aerial Transportation- January 3, 1928. In the above mentioned patents, Nikola Tesla envisioned his flying machines powered by one of his miraculous turbines costing less than a thousand dollars.

The machines were designed using many technical features of aviation. His flying machines could develop vertical take off just like helicopters and fly horizontally like planes at certain altitudes. Although these flying machines were interesting, Tesla’s UFO was perhaps the most interesting of all of his inventions. Tesla’s UFO has eyes, and these were made of electro-optical lenses, arranged in quadrants, allowing the pilot to see everything . Screens and monitors are placed on a console where the browser can observe all areas around the vehicle, and Tesla’s incredible invention included magnifying lenses, which could have been used without changing positions. Basically it is an incredibly well designed aircraft, one that we could actually manage to build today. Or have we already built it?

But what was Tesla’s greatest invention? What was his dream? Was it the electric car driven by his electric motor? Was it the radio? Remote control or the hundreds of other inventions that Tesla came up with? Well… we believe that his ultimate goal was in fact Wireless communication and Free Energy. Tesla understood that the universe was filled with free energy that could be utilized forming a network that would connect people around the globe allowing them to harness limitless free energy around them. But why wasn’t this possible? Well the answer is actually funny… Money. It’s funny how money can influence people. It clouds judgment and sometimes proves to be a limitation when it comes to the “greater good.”


 

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