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Australian Cave paintings may be the oldest on the planet


Until now, accurately dating the art was considered impossible due to a lack of organic matter in most paintings which ruled out radiocarbon dating. However, a new method promises to deliver shocking results

wandjinas- - Australian Cave paintings may be the oldest on the planet

Cave paintings of indigenous Australians could be so old that it would take the number one spot as oldest cave paintings on the planet, surpassing by far the extraordinary paintings of the Cave of Altamira (Spain) and Chauvet (France).

Now researchers equipped with the latest technology used in dating, are there to prove it definitively. Researchers estimate that the mysterious cave paintings of ancient inhabitants of Australia could prove to be older than 50,000 years.

Scholars believe that the history of the earliest human cultures in Australia dates back to a period that could go from 50,000 to 80,000 years ago before the arrival of Europeans. Before colonization, there were hundreds of aboriginal groups calling Australia their homeland, each with its own artistic tradition, culture and language.

One of the most incredible cave paintings in Australia are those at Kimberley, located in the northwestern parts of the country. The ancient cave art of Kimberley has hundreds of paintings scattered over 400,000 square kilometers (an area about three times the size of England).

Previous studies suggest that the oldest rock art in the Kimberley is around 17,500 years old, a time period heavily disputed by scholars.

However, other researchers have for years maintained a theory suggesting that the cave paintings at Kimberly, which depict mysterious beings known as the Wanjina, could be over 100,000 years old.

Among the cave paintings found in the region, the biggest depictions measuring up to six meters in height has caught the attention of researchers who have already suggested several theories about who their creators were.

The natives of the region called these strange figures as the “wandjinas”, who were celestial beings that brought civilization and prosperity to the people. Curiously, like many other ancient civilizations worldwide, the “wandjinas” symbol was a feathered serpent. The cave paintings depict curious beings with sandals, something that has caught the attention of researchers since the native population of the region are barefooted. The beings in the cave paintings are also depicted with strange-looking toes varying in number from three to seven toes.

According to news reports from Australia, and as the Sydney Morning Herald Reports, experts are currently analyzing the cave paintings at Kimberley, in order to establish a precise date, when these mysterious cave paintings were created.

Until now, researchers have faced serious issues when trying to precisely date the cave paintings due to a lack of organic material in the paint, which rules out full radiocarbon method.

Instead, experts have opted for a new method for uranium-series dating of rock art.

“The scientific question here is how old these cave paintings are,” said geologist Andrew Gleadow.

“Does this rock art go back just a relatively short while, or does it go back 50,000 years, the entire history of people’s settlement in Australia?”

Prehistoric cave art in Spain and France, is believed to be 40,000 years old and is so far considered the oldest in the world. After all, the prevailing theory maintained by scholars is that cultural expression began in Europe and spread from there. However, the results obtained in Australia could radically change this perception, altering everything we know about history, again.

Speaking to the Sydney Morning Herald, Professor Gleadow said: “If we can say that Australian art is the oldest continuous record anywhere on earth, that is extraordinary.”

“We’ve had a traditional perspective that things all started in Europe and migrated from there. They didn’t necessarily.”

“Kimberley rock art should be held up as one of the greatest cultural achievements in the great saga of human development and migration across our planet,” added professor Gleadow.

Unexplainable discovery: Ancient Indian Mandala found at Peru’s Nazca lines


The Nazca lines of Peru are, without a doubt, the most enigmatic and mysterious geoglyphs ever discovered on the planet, but the discovery of an Ancient Indian Mandala makes the Nazca lines, even more, mysterious

mandala-peru - Unexplainable discovery: Ancient Indian Mandala found at Peru’s Nazca lines

Many of us have wondered, together with countless scholars, what the exact purpose of the mysterious lines is… yet no one has been able to fully understand, nor answer, the exact purpose of these mysterious lines. Were these giant figures meant to be seen from above? Do hey mimic constellations in the sky? What were the ancient’s trying to say to future generations? Were the Nazca lines mere ancient art? If so… why would ancient mankind create art that cannot be fully appreciated from the ground?

These are some of the questions that have been asked for decades, yet no one has been able to answer them. There are over 800 straight lines, 300 geometric figures and 70 animal and plant designs also called biomorphs. The largest figure found at Nazca stretches about 200 meters across. Interestingly, the Longest glyph found at Nazca goes for 9 miles.

There are some scholars that have discovered curious patterns in the numerous designs and they suggest that the Nazca might be one of the earliest known examples of applied geometry. According to some claims, scientists from the University of Dresden researched the Nazca lines, measuring the magnetic field and electric conductivity and discovering that electric conductivity was 8000 higher on the Nazca lines than next to them.

edccabefddbebe - Unexplainable discovery: Ancient Indian Mandala found at Peru’s Nazca lines

But perhaps one of the most enigmatic depictions of Nazca is what is known as the Mandala. Depicted in an extremely remote area, it sits atop an arid mountain plateau, causing confusion among those who have been able to observe it directly.

The Mandala is considered a ritual symbol in Indian religions and represents the universe. Today, the mandala has become a generic term used to describe any diagram, chart or geometrical pattern that represents the cosmos. The Mandala also symbolizes the notion that life is, in fact, a never ending cycle. But what is it doing in Peru? Who created it… and for what purpose?

The Mandala at Nazca seems to have been carved with extreme precision and detail, created on the ground measuring around 180 feet across, with an inner circle of the same diameter. In addition, several other smaller circles, approximately 20 feet in diameter are etched in the landscape along with a series of strategically placed holes.

NazcaFlightTours - Unexplainable discovery: Ancient Indian Mandala found at Peru’s Nazca lines

The Ancient Hindus were among the first people on the planet to use a Mandala spiritually, but the most famous Mandala most of us know are in fact made by Buddhists. In Ancient Sanskrit, mandala means ‘circle’, even though the depiction of the symbol may be dominated by a set of squares or triangles, the mandala as a whole is a concentric creation.

Archeologists today have failed to understand, or even ask, how an ancient symbol, that originated half-way around the world, got to a remote, arid mountain near Nazca.

Interestingly, according to some local legends, the mysterious Incan creator god Viracocha, commissioned the Nazca Lines and glyphs in the past. These lines are said to be created by the Viracocha himself. He was the great teacher God of the Andes.

Viracocha was one of the most important deities in the Inca pantheon and seen as the creator of all things or the substance from which all things are created, and intimately associated with the sea. According to the myth recorded by Juan de Betanzos, Viracocha rose from Lake Titicaca (or sometimes the cave of Pacaritambo) during the time of darkness to bring forth light.

The remains of an ancient civilization located beneath Lake Titicaca


What is a huge temple – predating the Inca themselves by over 1,500 years –  doing beneath one of the most mysterious lakes on the planet?

Optimized-a - The remains of an ancient civilization located beneath Lake Titicaca
Lake Titicaca, one of the most mysterious lakes on the planet. (Source)

What do the mysterious remains of an ancient civilization beneath lake Titicaca tell us about our history? Is it possible that these incredible ancient ruins, offer answers which could help us understand how ancient mankind created incredible and complex sites such as Puma Punku, Tiahuanaco or Machu Picchu? The truth behind these ancient underwater ruins points towards a far more mysterious past than we could have ever imagined.

Lake Titicaca is located in the beautiful Andes mountains between two of the most enigmatic countries in planet Earth, Peru and Bolivia. It is the largest freshwater lake in South America but is also considered as the highest navigable lake on the planet.

Viracocha, The White God of Mesoamerica

Amon the Incas, Lake Titicaca is considered to be a highly sacred place. According to Incan mythology, the god Viracocha literally emerged from lake Titicaca bringing humans with him. The Incan creation Myths says that ordering the sun (Inti), the moon (Mama Killa) and the stars to rise, the great god Viracocha CREATED more humans from stone. He then brought them to life and told them to populate the world. This is why the Incas and many other ancient cultures believed that Late Titicaca is, in fact, the place where they came from, and upon their death, the Incas believed that their spirits would return to the lake.

According to ancient legends, Lake Titicaca is said to be the cradle of Peru’s ancient civilizations and has been present in the development of important Andean cultures such as Purakas, the Tiwanaku, and the Incas.

Interestingly, the Incas and pre-Incas left behind numerous important buildings that point towards a far more enigmatic past, than what researchers are willing to accept. One of the most important discoveries beneath Lake Titicaca is a mysterious underwater temple thousand of years old.

Prior to the arrival of the Incas, several other ancient cultures called Lake Titicaca their home place.

Sixteen years ago, in 2000, a team of international archeologists came across an incredible discovery when they discovered the remains of a mysterious underwater temple. The temple, which is believed to predate the Inca themselves by over 1500 years is believed to have been built by the Tiwanaku culture who created a temple measuring over 200 meters in length.

In addition to the temple beneath Lake Titicaca, underwater archeologists have found huge terraces for crops, roads, and a huge wall stretching 800 meters below the surface of the lake.

But nor only are the waters of Lake Titicaca important, its islands and numerous ruins play an important role in Inca and pre-Inca mythology.

Optimized-LakeTiticacaattr - The remains of an ancient civilization located beneath Lake Titicaca
The Chincana ruins, Isla del Sol, Lake Titicaca (source)

Located on the Island of the Sun –the largest island of Lake Titicaca – (Isla del Sol), on the northern regions of the Island, are the Chincana ruins. Referred to by many as the ‘labyrinth of stone’, Chincana was once a holy complex used by Inca priests. On the opposite site of the Chincana ruins, on the southern tip of the Island are the ‘Inca Steps’, a stone staircase with a staggering 206 steps that lead towards a sacred fountain located at the top.

On the Island of the Moon (Isla de la Lina) more ruins are found. The Island of the moon is the second largest island on Lake Titicaca houses the remains of what was the House of the Chosen Virgins of the Sun,’ built for women of the region who lived a religious lifestyle.

Blood type Rh negative and Alien DNA: An otherworldly lineage of a species with amnesia?


Much has been said about Rh negative blood and theories which suggest, there is an enigmatic truth sealed away from public knowledge linking humans with Rh-negative blood to otherworldly origins.

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“Who has fully realized that history is not contained in thick books but lives in our very blood?” –  Carl Jung

Humans have four general blood types: A, B, AB, and O; a classification derived from proteins found on the surface of cells which are basically designed to wage war against bacteria and viruses in the human body.

Whether Rh-negative blood is just a mutation or not is something that has caused debate among researchers. If it were a mutation, then why is it that people who possess Rh negative blood are known for having extra vertebrae? This, just as the blood type, is explained scientifically as being a ‘mutation’.

However, according to modern DNA sequencing, it is demonstrated that humanity as we know it, isn’t just ONE single ‘race’ that descended from the same ancestor in Africa, but a hybridized species, with a far more enigmatic truth behind it all.

Many questions have been raised in the discussion about Rh negative blood. If mankind did, in fact, evolve from a mutual ancient African ancestor, theories state that everyone’s blood would be compatible, but regrettably, this is not the case. This raises numerous questions that science alone has not been able to fully answer. Where did Rh-negative blood come from? And why is it that a Rh-negative mother carrying Rh positive children tries rejecting her own offspring? Is it possible that this can be explained by a rather controversial theory? A theory which suggests that humanity isn’t in fact one race, but a hybridized species.

The book was written by Robert Sepehr, Species with Amnesia: Our Forbidden History tells us more about the enigmatic blood type Rh-negative. Not only does Species with Amnesia suggest mankind is, in fact, a hybridized species, the author suggests that highly advanced civilizations have been on Earth before us, just to be destroyed by some great global catastrophe, as mysteriously, history tells us.

n - Blood type Rh negative and Alien DNA: An otherworldly lineage of a species with amnesia?

Sepehr argues that for each race that has died out, another has taken its place, with a selected few holding on to the memories and sacred knowledge of the past race. In our vanity, we think we have discovered some of the great truths of science and technology, but we are in fact only just beginning to rediscover the profound wisdom of past civilizations. In many ways, we are like an awakening Species with Amnesia, yearning to reclaim our forgotten past. –

The Basque people of Spain and France have the highest percentage of Rh-negative blood. About 30% have (rr) Rh negative and about 60% carry one (r) negative gene.

“There are 612 primate species and subspecies recognized by the International Union for Conversation of Nature (IUCN), and not one has Rh-negative blood”. – Robert Sepehr, Species with Amnesia: Our Forbidden History

Rh factors or ‘Rhesus factor’ was first discovered in the blood of Rhesus monkey. According to Sepehr, if mankind evolved from the same African ancestor their blood would be compatible, but it is not. Nearly 85% of all human beings have RH positive blood, yet ALL royal families have Rh-negative blood.

It seems that science cannot answer the question: Where did the Rh negatives come from? Are we, in fact, a species with amnesia? And is it possible that the truth behind our origins is far more enigmatic than what we think?

Many believe that Rh negative blood would be the legacy that the Anunnaki left on Earth among other things.

Interestingly, the negative RH strain is characteristic, for example, of the British royal family, which has generated controversial theories about a possible extraterrestrial lineage. although this hypothesis has not been confirmed, the disturbing questions it generates floats in the air: how civilized world would react to the fact that a small portion of the Earth’s population has a genetic code that has been altered in the distant past by highly advanced extraterrestrial beings.

Secret Underwater Bases: Beyond Area 51


Area 51 isn’t the only base filled with secrecy. As it turns out, there are countless underwater bases spread across different locations on our planet.

base - Secret  Underwater Bases: Beyond Area 51

While many of us know about Area 51 and Dulce Base, the truth is there are more secret bases than you could ever imagine. Three years ago the CIA finally admitted the existence of Area 51, but many people around the world already knew about it and the mystery and secrecy behind it. Area 51 is just one of the many out there, but interestingly, most secret bases aren’t constructed on land, but deep under the oceans.

Creating underwater bases is probably much more efficient than creating them on land. For starters, it’s nearly impossible to find an underwater base, unless of course you know its location and have the equipment to get there.

Research into the feasibility of underwater bases began nearly 50 years ago. In 1968, the Stanford Research Institute alone discussed the construction of dozens of undersea bases across the globe.

The study entitled “Feasibility of Manned In-Botton Bases,” proposed a series of locations and plans to construct some of the most incredible underwater bases mankind had ever (not) seen.

According to a study written by T G Warfield and L R Parkinson, from the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. In 1968:

The construction of thirty manned in-bottom bases within the ocean floors is technically and economically feasible. However, it will be necessary to establish some successive types of experimental facilities before a full construction program can be started. This could take 15 years. The major technology for a land-linked station in bottom is established now; only adaptations are needed.

The remaining experimental phases will require further development of equipment and techniques applicable to remote sea access. There are useful assignments for a succession of three experimental stations other than advancing in-bottom construction techniques. Science and engineering concerned with the oceans and their resources will be furthered and military tests of undersea base functions complimenting deeper operations can be accomplished. The costs of the experimental phase, called here a demonstration program, can be surprisingly modest: approximately one-half billion dollars spent over 15 years. 

A distinction between in-bottom bases and on-bottom facilities is made in the numbers of men enclosed.  and the depth of water, wherein areas of one-atmosphere space can be created in bottom, and on-bottom facilities are made in the numbers of men enclosed and the depth of water, wherein areas of one atmosphere space can be created in bottom at such low costs the ingress system can be amortized if the space required is reasonably large. Economics thus can dictate the choice between the two types; even so, some on bottom facilities will be needed to aid the construction of remote in-bottom facilities.

Presently, establishing an in-bottom facility and building upon this will present fewer technical difficulties that do the submersibles which would support it and use it. Subsequent to the completion of the third phase of a demonstration program, which would be a remote, deepwater station, and the evaluation of it, a multiple base program, could be implemented.  The cost of such a base program would be about $2.7 billion for the construction of a number of bases (assumed at 30).

Reading the above-mentioned study does not only bring up numerous questions that make us wonder how many bases exist in oceans around the world today, but who operates them? Do they belong the governments? Or are they independent ‘research’ facilities?

interest in the creation of underwater bases continued after T G Warfield and L R Parkinson’s study in 1968. 19 years later, in 1987, Lloyd A. Duscha, the Deputy Director of Engineering and Construction for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers spoke about the creation of such secret bases during an engineering conference called: “Underground Facilities for Defense – Experience and Lessons.” Lloyd Duscha made a very important statement:

After World War II, political and economic factors changed the underground construction picture and caused a renewed interest to “think underground.” As a result, of this interest, the Corps of Engineers became involved in the design and construction of some very complex and interesting military projects. Although the conference program indicates the topic to be “Underground Facilities for Defense – Experience and Lessons,” I must deviate a little because several of the most interesting facilities that have been designed and constructed by the Corps are classified. (Lloyd A. Duscha, “Underground Facilities for Defense – Experience and Lessons,” inTunneling and Underground Transport: Future Developments in Technology. Economics and Policy, ed. F.P. Davidson (New York: Elsevier Science Publishing Company, Inc., 1987, pp. 109-113.)

The truth is that we will perhaps never now what exactly lies underneath our oceans, but we can almost say with certainty that secret underwater bases exist, and are not something new, they have existed for years, and will continue to operate in the distant future.

New Telescope Detects ‘Invisible’ intelligent alien Entities on Earth


YouTube Video Here: https://www.youtube.com/embed/_gRC2q_VLEM?feature=oembed&enablejsapi=1

These mysterious images are allegedly proof that ‘invisible Alien entities ARE here on Earth’.

ITE- - New Telescope Detects ‘Invisible’ intelligent alien Entities on Earth
Photograph of an ITE-2 displaying intelligent movement. Dr. Santilli states that the entity consists of lights of different colors that are pulsating and move synchronously according to a complex trajectory during the 15 seconds of exposure, including a point in which motion stopped for a few seconds, to resume thereafter.

Researchers seeking evidence of anti-matter in the universe firmly believe they have come across a previously unknown ‘invisible life form’ on planet Earth.

The group of researchers that discovered the mysterious entities work at Thunder Energies Corporation, an optics, nuclear physics, and energy company. According to them, these mysterious entities inhabit the Earth’s atmosphere. The company is run by controversial Harvard-educated nuclear physicist Dr. Ruggero Santilli. Dr. Santilli is regarded by many as an expert in mathematics and physics and has already been nominated for Nobel Prizes in Chemistry and Physics. Dr. Santilli developed a revolutionary telescope which was designed to spot antimatter-light in the cosmos. Contrary to conventional telescopes, which are made from Convey Lenses, the Santilli telescope is made from Concave lenses.

According to Santilli:

By using telescopes with concave lenses, known as Santilli telescopes (trademark and patent pending by the U.S. publicly traded company Thunder Energies Corporation), we review preceding evidence for the apparent existence of antimatter galaxies, antimatter asteroids, and antimatter cosmic rays. Independently from these astrophysical detections, we present for the first time evidence for the apparent existence of entities in our terrestrial environment that are solely visible via telescopes with concave lenses, while being invisible to our eyes and to conventional Galileo telescopes with convex lenses, which entities leave dark images in the background of digital cameras attached to the Santilli telescopes.

The new report, which was published in the American Journal of Modern Physics revealed a controversial finding which suggests, for the first time ever, the existence of entities in our terrestrial environment which are INVISIBLE to our eyes and conventional telescopes made from convex lenses.

The discovery

The detection of invisible terrestrial entities was published in the paper: Apparent Detection via New Telescopes with Concave Lenses of Otherwise Invisible Terrestrial Entities (ITE).

In the study, Santilli states:

“To his great surprise, unidentified yet clearly visible entities immediately appeared on the screen of the camera attached to the Santilli telescope, without any enlargement, without the same entities being visible to the naked eyes, and without any corresponding image existing on the screen of the camera attached to the Galileo telescope. This unexpected discovery triggered a novel systematic use of the pair of Galileo and Santilli telescopes, this time, for the search of entities, here called Invisible Terrestrial Entities, that are invisible to our eyes as well as to our optical instruments with convex lenses, but are otherwise fully visible via the Santilli telescope with concave lenses, and are located in our terrestrial environment.” (Source)

Optimized- - New Telescope Detects ‘Invisible’ intelligent alien Entities on Earth
A view of an Invisible Terrestrial Entity of the first kind (ITE-1) detected in two different photos on September 5, 2015, in the evening sky over Tampa Bay. Florida, via the pair of 100 mm Galileo and Santilli telescopes with Sony Camera SLT-A58K set at ISO automatic and 15 seconds exposure. The entity is classified as an ISE-1 because it is solely detected via the Santilli telescope (thus emitting light with a negative index of refraction), and it leaves a black image in the background of the digital camera (thus emitting light with negative energy).

In post-observations, Dr. Santilli identified two different types of Invisible Terrestrial Entities or ITEs, acknowledging that further types of entities may be identified in the near future. Dr. Santilli states that both types of ITEs have been independently verified by fellow scientists and their existence was confirmed in a lecture at the St. Petersburg Astronomy Club on September 25, 2015.

The first type of ITE is defined by Dr. Santilli as entities that:

  1. Are not visible to the human eye or to conventional optical instruments with convex lenses, but are otherwise fully visible via Santilli telescopes with concave lenses;
  2. exist in our terrestrial environment, rather than in deep astrophysical spaces; and
  3. Leave “dark images” in the background of digital cameras attached to Santilli telescopes.

According to reports, these entities moved slowly and rotated. Dr. Santilli states that this particular type of movement excludes impurities in their telescopes since some have already speculated that these entities were factual errors in the telescope lens or in the camera.

Santilli notes that the emission of antimatter-light does not mean that the entity is made up of antimatter because the existence of the entities within our atmosphere would imply a cataclysmic explosion due to matter-antimatter annihilation. (Source)

Santilli writes that: ITE-1 consist of matter-entities in our terrestrial environment achieving locomotion via the acquisition of antimatter in their interior with consequential use of matter-antimatter propulsion and achieve invisibility via the emission of antimatter-light as a sort of exhaust. (Source)

Santilli defines the Second Type of Entities (ITE-2) as:

  1. Are not visible to the human eye or to conventional optical instruments wish convex lenses, but are otherwise fully visible via Santilli telescopes with concave lenses;
  2. Exist in our terrestrial environment, rather than in deep astrophysical spaces; and
  3. Leave “bright images” in the background of digital cameras attached to Santilli telescopes.

Santilli continues in his study stating: “Consequently, both ITE-1 and ITE-2 have a negative index of refraction when propagating in a matter medium such as glass. Their main difference is that the former entities, also called dark ITE, carry negative energy, thus causing dark images in the background of a camera attached to Santilli telescopes, while later entities, also called bright ITE, carry positive energy, thus causing bright images despite their negative index of refraction.”

Dr. Santilli states that ITE-2’s were moving and pulsing backward and forward when they were seen by the Santilli telescopes, suggesting that they were: “conducting unauthorized surveillance of the Tampa Area solely visible with the Santilli telescope, thus confirming the need for systematic views of sensitive civilian, industrial and military installations”.

Source and reference:

Apparent Detection via New Telescopes with Concave Lenses of Otherwise Invisible Terrestrial Entities (ITE).

13 Mysterious Ancient Monuments And Runis That Baffle Experts


YouTube Video Here: https://www.youtube.com/embed/EqmpT6T_2tU?feature=oembed&enablejsapi=1

You just gotta love history and archaeology and all excitement that come with them. In this article, we take a look at some of the most incredible ancient monuments and ruins left behind by people thousands of years ago. From the Pyramids to underwater monuments, we take a look at the most incredible, breathtaking and mysterious monuments ever erected by mankind in the distant past.

The ancient ruins of Sayhuite and the Sayhuite Monolith

Sayhuite - 13 Mysterious Ancient Monuments And Runis That Baffle Experts
The Mysterious Sayhuite Monolith. Credit: www.weblogtheworld.com

This archaeological site is located in Peru and is significant because it is the place where researchers believe, the ancient Inca worshipped water. Mostly unknown to all of us, the most important monument found at the Sayhuite site is the Sayhuite monolith, a fascinating sculpture featuring over 200 mysterious geometric figures, with zoomorphic depictions of reptiles, frogs, and felines among others. The true origin and purpose of this incredible monument are still widely debated among researchers around the world. Most archaeologists suggest that this ancient monument was sculpted and intended to represent a topographical hydraulic model, continuing terraces, ponds, rivers, irrigation channels hills, and tunnels. Located near the Sayhuite archaeological site are many incredible stone features that could predate the Inca themselves, and made from Andesite stone, meaning that they simply couldn’t be shaped with tools the Ancient Inca possessed at that time, casting doubt on the origins of the entire Sayhuite archaeological site and the Sayhuite monolith.

Goseck Circle

goseck-cirlce - 13 Mysterious Ancient Monuments And Runis That Baffle Experts

The Goseck circle is surely one of the lesser known monuments found in Europe. Resembling Stonehenge in England, the odd circular formations were actually spotted recently, in 1991, during an aerial survey near the small town of Goseck in Germany. The mysterious monuments are believed to date back to 4,900 BC and are believed to have been created by Europe’s first and most mysterious early civilization, which existed even before the Minoan Civilizations and Ancient Egyptian Pyramids. In 2002, archaeologists performed excavations and found the remains of an extremely ancient structure that were reconstructed in the past. According to studies, the monument stretching 75 meters in width was composed of a set of concentric ditches and two palisade rings and a set of gates that were accurately aligned with the sunrise and sunset on solstice days. This has led researchers to theorize that ancient man might have sued the ancient monument as a solar or lunar calendar. Many researchers consider the Goseck Circle as the oldest known solar observatory in the world. The Nebra Sky Disk – one of the most important finds if the 20th century according to many— was discovered near the Goseck circles. The Nebra sky disk is believed to be the oldest known realistic representation of the cosmos found on our planet.

Göbekli Tepe

Gobekli-tepe - 13 Mysterious Ancient Monuments And Runis That Baffle Experts

Located near the border with Syria in southern Turkey are the ruins of one of the most incredible monuments created my our ancestors. The megalithic stone circles are believed to be the oldest temple ever created on our planet and predate Stonehenge in England by several thousand years. Researchers believe that t these ancient megalithic ruins were created by a hunter-gatherer society, something that is being ruled out by more archaeologists lately. The mysterious temple, which consists of three huge stone circles was deliberately buried for an unknown reason in the distant past. After 13 years of digging, archaeologists investigating the ancient site have failed to recover a single stone-cutting tool. They found any agricultural implements. So how can you create this 19-foot-tall, perfectly sculpted columns that are 11,000 to 12,000 years old, and not find any evidence what so ever of tools used to accomplish this?

Puma Punku

Puma-Punku-Wallpaper-x - 13 Mysterious Ancient Monuments And Runis That Baffle Experts

It seems that Puma Punku is everywhere, or at least on Ancient Code. We cannot help and include Puma Punku on our list of most incredible ancient monuments. The temple complex of Puma Punku is found near Tiwanaku Bolivia, and the two are a pair of the most mysterious structures ever erected on Earth. It is considered by many people as having an otherworldly origin, while many other attribute its ingenuity to advanced ancient societies that inhabited Earth in the distant past. But what we can say for sure is that these monuments are, without a doubt, the most incredible ancient ruins found in South America. The incredible megalithic stones that have been found both at Tiwanaku and Puma Punku display incredible precision cuts and are believed to be evidence of advanced ancient engineering, which in turn resulted in some of the most incredible structures discovered in the Americas, structures that incorporate a high level of geometry and mathematics, even though the people who are believed to be the builders did not know about the wheel, nor did they possess a writing system.

Machu Picchu

wallpaper-of-machu-picchu - 13 Mysterious Ancient Monuments And Runis That Baffle Experts
Early morning in wonderful Machu Picchu. Image credit: http://stock-free-images.net/

We don’t need to travel to far from Bolivia to reach our next destination. Located in Peru, at an elevation of 2,430 meters above sea level we find Machu Picchu, a 15-century Inca City situated on a mountain ridge above the so-called Sacred Valley. This ancient site extends over an fantastic 5-mile separation, emphasizing more than 3,000 stone steps that connect the different levels of this mysterious ancient site. Archaeologists have been baffled by the fact that most of the junctions in the central city are so perfect that not even a blade of grass can fit between the stones. The most significant mystery at Machu Picchu is without a doubt the “Intihuatana.” This giant rock situated on a raised platform that towers above the main plaza were believed to be a sundial. However, recent studies have disproved this theory shedding more mystery on this incredible ancient site. Some believe that “the Intihuatana” may have been used for astronomical observations, or even might have been connected with the mountains that shelter Machu Picchu. But the “Intihuatana” isn’t the only mystery at Machu Picchu. Located in the southwestern part of the main plaza is the Temple of the Three Windows, one of Machu Picchu best-known features. The stone hall which spreads 35 feet in length and 14 feet in width contains three trapezoidal windows along one of its walls, something considered as a rare feature in Inca masonry. However, this feature can be found in numerous monuments around the world, and many hints towards a mysterious connection pointing towards what we like to call “Sacred Architecture.”

The Ancient Egyptian Underground Library

It can be easily considered as one of the most significant discoveries of Ancient Egypt, yet only a few know about the existence of the incredible underground Labyrinth of Egypt, believed to hold countless answers to history itself. Located less than 100 kilometers from Cairo, the ancient underground temple consists of over 3000 rooms that are believed to be carved with intricate hieroglyphs and paintings. Herodotus described this incredible ancient site: It has twelve courts covered in, with gates facing one another, six upon the North side and six upon the South, joining on one to another, and the same wall surrounds them all outside; and there are in it two kinds of chambers, the one kind below the ground and the other above upon these, three thousand in number, of each kind fifteen hundred. The upper set of chambers we ourselves saw […]

Teotihuacan and the Pyramid of the Sun

The ancient metropolis of Teotihuacan was established around 100 BC and was considered as one of the most important ancient centers in the New World until its fall somewhere around the seventh or eighth centuries. According to archaeologists the advanced design of Teotihuacan suggests that ancient builders had knowledge, not only of architecture but complex mathematical and astronomical sciences, and one of the things that are just incredibly amazing and different from all other ancient sites is the fact that from the air, Teotihuacan‘s city layout strangely resembles a computer circuit board with two large processor chips— the Sun Pyramid and the Moon Pyramid.

Researchers have also found numerous and remarkable similarities to the Great Pyramids of Egypt. The Pyramid of the Sun is precisely half as tall as the Pyramid of Giza and the Temple of the Sun, the Temple of the Moon, and the Temple of Quetzalcoatl are in the same layout as Orion’s Belt.

The most impressive monuments and pyramids ever built in the New World are located in Teotihuacan. The name “Teotihuacan” is translated into “Birthplace of the Gods” or “Where Gods Were Born,” and no one knows built one of the most advanced ancient cities in Pre-Colombian America. The city was found in ruins by the Ancient Aztecs who gave it its present name.

Georgia Guidestones

Georgia-Guidestones - 13 Mysterious Ancient Monuments And Runis That Baffle Experts

Ok, so the Georgia Guidestones aren’t that ancient, but still, they are fascinating. Referred to by many as an “American Stonehenge,” the Georgia Guidestones is a granite monument in Elbert County, Georgia with carved inscriptions in four ancient languages: cuneiform Babylonian, Classical Greek, Sanskrit and Egyptian hieroglyphs.

The author of these plates is so far unknown, and the significance of the inscriptions is a matter of debate among experts and amateurs who cannot agree on the topic. The four outer stones are oriented to mark the limits of the18.6-year lunar declination cycle. The center column features a hole drilled at an angle from one side to the other, through which can be seen the North Star, a star whose position changes only very gradually over time. The most widely agreed-upon interpretation of the stones is that they describe the basic concepts required to rebuild a devastated civilization.

Easter Island and the Moai Statues

AhuTongariki - 13 Mysterious Ancient Monuments And Runis That Baffle Experts
Moai facing inland at Ahu Tongariki, restored by Chilean archaeologist Claudio Cristino in the 1990s. Image credit Wikipedia

Easter Island is located in the southern Pacific Ocean and features some of the most mysterious statues ever created by mankind. The famous statues were created by the local Rapanui people and are believed to have been part of an ancestral worship of the island’s settlers and were carved between 1250 and 1500 AD. According to researchers, the heaviest of the statues weighs a staggering 86 tons. While most of the statues are located in the vicinity of their quarries, some of them were moved and put into place at different locations on the island. The Moai statues remain as an enigma for both historians and archaeologists who have little information about them.


stonehenge.nuevo - 13 Mysterious Ancient Monuments And Runis That Baffle Experts

Stonehenge is without a doubt one of the most famous ancient monuments on Earth. Archaeologists estimate it was built anywhere from 3000 BC to 2000 BC. Radiocarbon dating in 2008 suggested that the first stones were raised between 2400 and 2200 BC. New studies suggest that Stonehenge was located 225 kilometers from its current position, or better said, the stones used for its construction. According to a new study by archaeologists and geologists from the University College London (UCL), the stones of Stonehenge originated in the Preseli Hills, Pembrokeshire. Ancient people quarried the stones sometime between 3400 BC and 3200 BC, while the monument was constructed, according to mainstream scholars around 2900 BC, this means that the ancient monument could be in fact 500 years older than previously thought. Researchers agree that the long-distance transport of the bluestones from Wales to Stonehenge is without a doubt, one of the most remarkable accomplishments of society thousands of years ago. The biggest of Stonehenge’s stones, known as sarsens, are up to 30 feet (9 meters) tall and weigh 25 tons (22.6 metric tons) on average. It is widely believed that they were brought from Marlborough Downs, a distance of 20 miles (32 kilometers) to the north.

The Submerged City of Heraklion

Heraklioncityyearsagowhowentunderthewater - 13 Mysterious Ancient Monuments And Runis That Baffle Experts

Many believed that Heraklion was just a myth as Atlantis. Heraklion was the Greek name of this ancient city, but for ancient Egyptians, the city was called Thonis.  It was known to many ancient Greek philosophers, among them Herodotus, who referred to this ancient city in numerous of his writings, although the existence of this city wasn’t proven until the nineteenth century. Among the items found there were giant statues of the ancient Egyptian goddess Isis, Hapi and figures of a mysterious and unknown Egyptian Pharaoh, all of them were found in a surprisingly good condition. Hundreds of smaller statues were also discovered that once belonged to Cleopatra. Dozens of religious artifacts ere found that belonged to supreme gods of ancient Egypt such as Isis, Osiris and Horus. Underwater archaeologists also came across several sarcophagi with the mummified remains of animals sacrificed to Amun-Gereb, the supreme god of the Egyptians.


Masuda-no-Iwafune-x - 13 Mysterious Ancient Monuments And Runis That Baffle Experts

The Ancient Rock Ship of Asuka, Japan or the Masuda-no-Iwafune is another incredible ancient monument that has raised more questions than answers in recent years. The Rock ship of Masuda sits atop the steep incline of a hill located near the town of Asuka and its origin, purpose and meaning remain a mystery. It is the largest of the rock mounds found in the area with dimensions of 11 meters (36 feet) by 8 meters (26 feet), by 4.5 meters high (15 feet) and created out of SOLID GRANITE, meaning that this ancient Rock Ship weighs around one hundred tons. The mysterious monument has two holes each about a meters square in the center that continue through the ground. The truth is that so far, no one has been able to fully understand how ancient mankind created this monument and what its original purpose was. Experts note that the linear protrusion located at the top of the structure runs parallel to the top of the hill and strangely aligns with the sun on a day known as ‘spring doyou entry’ a date extremely important in the calendar for ancient Japanese agriculture as it marked the beginning of the agricultural season.

The giant Stone Head of Guatemala

guatemala-stone-head - 13 Mysterious Ancient Monuments And Runis That Baffle Experts

Many researchers would agree that the Jungles of Guatemala and surrounding countries hide great secrets of mighty ancient civilizations that ruled the lands in the distant past. From ancient temples and mysterious civilizations, anything can be discovered in these mysterious jungles. One of the most mysterious findings is surely the Giant Stone Head of Guatemala. First reports about the mysterious stone head came in 1987 when Dr. Rafel Padilla received a photograph of the mysterious monument in the Guatemalan jungle. The image was taken sometime in 1950 by the owner of the land where the state had been found. To make things even more mysterious, we take a look at the features of the Giant Stone Head like thin lips, long nose, a face directed to the sky and a gigantic body suspected to hide underground. Researchers suggest that the facial features of the giant stone statue represent Caucasian features which are inconsistent with all of the known pre-Hispanic races of America. Regrettably before researchers managed to investigate this incredible statue, it was destroyed by rebel forces and militia, used as target practice.

10 Incredible Ancient Achievements that Science cannot explain


YouTube Video Here: https://www.youtube.com/embed/UpLcnAIpVRA?feature=oembed&enablejsapi=1

It seems that by nature we tend to discredit our ancestors for many things. We can firmly state that Ancient mankind was incredibly developed, smart and achieved things that we today cannot replicate. Proof of that are incredible lost technologies, ancient monuments that defy every explanation and knowledge about complex sciences way ahead of their time.

In this article, we bring you our top ten ancient achievements which scientists and researchers simply cannot explain.

Puma Punku and Tiahuanaco: As Incredible as it gets

puma-punku-blocks - 10 Incredible Ancient Achievements that Science cannot explain

We start off with one of our favorite ancient cities. Tiahuanaco and Puma Punku. Located about 45 miles west of modern day La Paz, high in the beautiful Andes Mountains lie the mysterious ruins of the ancient city of Puma Punku. The megalithic stones quarried by ancient man are among the largest ever found on the planet, and some of them measure up to 24 feet in length, weighing around 100 tons. The massive stones were hewn from quarries over 60 miles away according to archeologists. Tiahuanaco is probably the greatest Native American civilization that many people haven’t heard of. It’s said that Tiahuanaco displays all the races of mankind, even elongated skulls, people wearing turbans, people with broad noses, people with thin noses, people with thick lips, people with thin lips, and some of the statues are particularly unusual and are unlike the ones found in the nearby area. Mainstream scholars believe the blocks found at Puma Punku were formed by hand with primitive stone tools. But some researchers point to the intricate stonework as evidence of the use of advanced precision technology.

Ollantaytambo: Ancient Megalithic Engineers

ollantaytambobystuzal-drlw - 10 Incredible Ancient Achievements that Science cannot explain

 Located in southern Peru, around 45 miles northwest of the city of Cuzco lie the remains of the ancient city of Ollantaytambo. Located at an altitude of 2,792 meters (9,160 feet) above sea level, Ollantaytambo lies  in an area the Inca people once called the Sacred Valley and this marvel of architecture once served as both a temple and a fortress, Mainstream historians claim Ollantaytambo was built around 1440 AD by the Inca Emperor Pachacuti. Archeologists today, believe Ollantaytambo was built upon the ruins of a far older city and they are not sure of the origins of that city. Ollantaytambo is a marvel of engineering and architecture, it is a fortress, and complex city and many questions have been raised throughout history regarding the construction of this ancient site. Today one of the most asked questions probably is in regard to the incredible sized blocks of stone that were used in the construction.

Some of these over-sized rocks are found at the highest levels of Ollantaytamboparticularly six of these monoliths that are placed in a line, according to researchers they were brought to Ollantaytambo from another mountain, across the plain, river and then they were brought up the mountain.

The Nazca Lines: Blueprints of the gods?

Nazca-Airport - 10 Incredible Ancient Achievements that Science cannot explain

What is the exact purpose of the Nazca Lines? Were these intricate shapes some sort of ancient blueprints? Markers? Were they ancient runways as some suggest? Or were they ancient art, left behind by a long lost civilization that once inhabited the region? The truth is we don’t know. The largest figure found at Nazca is approx. 1000 feet and the longest one goes for 9 miles. Why Nazca? How were they built? To what purpose?

According to archeologists, these mysterious drawings were created by the Nazca people, they flourished in the region between the 1st and 8th century A.D.

The lines were formed by the careful removal of the reddish iron-oxide pebbles that make up the desert surface. Once exposed, the underlying dirt, which contains high amounts of lime, hardened and resistant to erosion. Some of the parts of Nazca have amazing designs highly accurate triangles that are a mystery. Some of the triangles look like they were made by something that literally pressed the ground down at least 30 inches with incredible force, now could the ancient Nazca have done this? With their feet? How would you press down a six-mile “perfect” triangle into the desert?

The oldest temple in the world: Göbekli Tepe?

gobekli-teple-ancient-code - 10 Incredible Ancient Achievements that Science cannot explain

Located 2500 feet above sea level, and hidden at the top of a mountain ridge in the Southeastern Anatolia Region of Turkey, some 15 kilometers (9 mi) northeast of the town of Şanlıurfa is the Neolithic sanctuary of Göbekli Tepe. The discovery of the Neolithic site was made in 1993 by an old Kurdish shepherd named Savak Yildiz who discovered Göbekli Tepe who thought he had spotted something and brushed away the dust to expose a large oblong-shaped stone. Many researchers believe this ancient sanctuary is nearly 12,000 years old and that’s almost 7,000 years older than Mesopotamia’s Fertile Crescent, long heralded as the cradle of civilization. After 13 years of digging, archeologists investigating the ancient site have failed to recover a single stone-cutting tool. They found any agricultural implements. So how can you create these 19-foot-tall, perfectly sculpted columns that are 11,000 to 12,000 years old, and not find any evidence what so ever of tools user to accomplish this?

The Antikythera Mechanism: An Ancient Computer

It is considered as one of the most incredible ancient devices ever discovered on our planet. The Antikythera mechanism, is according to researchers around the world, a product of ancient Greek ingenuity, and there is no other instrument like it, nothing found until today compares to the Antikythera mechanism and better yet, there are no recorded texts that would suggest that something like it ever existed. The device was discovered by chance, as a storm deviated a group of divers in the 1900’s.

They reached the island of Antikythera between Peloponnese and Crete and while diving, they discovered the remains of a Roman ship that sunk around 65 B.C. Inside the wreckage, this mysterious device was discovered. The Antikythera mechanism is basically made out of wood and bronze. Its dimensions are 31.5 centimeters in length, 19 centimeters wide and has a thickness of 10 centimeters. Researchers believe that the system of gears was protected by a wooden box, which is now almost totally destroyed. The device had two doors, one at the front and one at the back with astronomical inscriptions covering most of the exterior of the mysterious mechanism.

Sacsayhuaman: An Ancient Alien fortress?

-days-in-cuzco-sacsayhuaman - 10 Incredible Ancient Achievements that Science cannot explain
Sacsayhuaman: notice how well the ancients managed to place the structures. Such precision is incredible.

This ancient site is compared in magnitude to other ancient sites like Puma Punku or Tiahuanaco. The ancient fortress of Sacsayhuaman is believed to hold secrets which predate the Inca themselves, it is an ancient site filled with mystery and magic, and offers more questions than we are able to answer.

Interestingly, this ancient megalithic complex dates back, at least, a millennium, making it one of the oldest ancient establishments on the planet, yet few of us know of its existence. The builders of this ancient site left behind precisely cut blocks of stone that have challenged our modern-day builders in many ways. Just like we see at Puma Punku, we find that the ancient builders of Sacsayhuaman had the technology to quarry giant blocks of stone, move them to the site where they wanted to build and then stack, cut and articulate these massive blocks into– what are in some cases almost indestructible structures, so this is really impressive.

The Great Pyramid of Giza: The most mysterious structure on Earth

Optimized-Pyramid - 10 Incredible Ancient Achievements that Science cannot explain

I believe most of you will concur if we say that the great Pyramid of Giza is one of the most mysterious (if not the most mysterious) structure standing on the planet today. While many questions remain unanswered about the Great Pyramid of Giza, we still remain perplexed by the complexity and precision of this incredible ancient structure. Today’s researchers are completely unable to answer some of the greatest enigmas surrounding this antique monument that has baffled researchers, historians, and tourists alike. The fact that The Great Pyramid is the most accurately aligned structure in existence and faces true north with only 3/60th of a degree of error is something mind-boggling.

Not only is the Great Pyramid one of the most accurately aligned structures on Earth, there are numerous other details about it that are even more incredible. The four faces of the pyramid are slightly concave, the only pyramid to have been built this way. Today, we still have no idea who built the Great Pyramid, how, for what purpose and how old the monument is.

The Piri Reis Map: An ancient map created by even older maps

PiriReis - 10 Incredible Ancient Achievements that Science cannot explain

While there are numerous things discovered from ancient mankind’s past, there some discoveries that literally question everything we know about our history. This is the case of the Ancient Piri Reis map found in 1929 during the restoration of the Topkapi palace in Istanbul Turkey. This controversial (ancient) map describes in high detail the geography of the American Continent with such a precision that it looks as if it was put together with the aid of aerial photography. However, the map was made at a time when mainstream history tells us there were no flying vehicles on Earth and mankind’s technology was very limited. The map composed by Ottoman admiral Piri Ibn Haji Muhiddin Memmed, aka Piri Reis, is, in fact, part of maritime navigation collection called Bahriye which is basically composed of 210 partial maps, dated around 1513 and 1528. The perfection and details displayed on the map have been the subject of debate for years among scholars who cannot understand nor explain how this map even exists. Today, numerous enigmas remain about the Piri Reis map, especially with regards to Latin America and the Southern regions of our planet.

Gunung Padang: Older than the ‘oldest’ Pyramid on Earth?

sirus-megalitikum-di-gunung-padang-cianjur-- - 10 Incredible Ancient Achievements that Science cannot explain

Gunung Padang is surely one of the most controversial discoveries ever made on the surface of the planet. According to reports, we are looking at a lost civilization, an unknown history and breathtaking construction that challenges everything we know about history, rising in Indonesia around 20,000 years ago. According to stamens from Geologist Dr., Danny Hilman could hide the remains of a lost temple that could date back 20,000 years. Hilman believes that the site (Gunung Padang) is of great cultural and historical importance since it contains the remains of a huge Pyramid that was built some 20,000 years ago, by a lost civilization, adding that it may have been built for worship or as a giant astronomical instrument. Like many other discoveries in the past, Gunung Padang has been dubbed by many mainstream scholars as a hoax and nothing more. While studies seem to point otherwise, it seems that the mysterious Pyramid of Indonesia and the 20,000 years old civilization behind it will remain for some time, one of history’s greatest enigmas.

Megaliths of Baalbek: A colossal… mystery

Baalbek--Ton-Megalith - 10 Incredible Ancient Achievements that Science cannot explain

Located east of Lebanon, 86 kilometers northeast of the city of Beirut, in the valley of Beqaa, near the border with Syria lie the ruins of a gigantic megalithic platform that remains as one of the greatest enigmas for researchers who have come to study it.   Legends say it is a very sacred place. The temple was built on top of a ruined mound, so even before Greek and Roman times, this majestic place was considered to be holy.

Mainstream archeology has different points of view when it comes to the exact age of the site. According to conventional archeologists, it was a Phoenician sanctuary dedicated to the god Baal, it was a Greek City called Heliopolis (City of the Sun) and since the time of Emperor Augustus, it was a Roman colony. The truth is, the exact age remains a mystery, but some researchers consider this ancient megalithic site as being at least 12.000 years old but could possibly be over 20,000 years old. Among the most intriguing of these megaliths is the Trilithon, and here is the cool part: three colossal blocks measuring 22 meters in length, 4.5 m high and 3.5 m wide. Their weight ranges between one and two thousand tons. These three huge megaliths are positioned on a row of six blocks of granite that measure each, 10 meters in length and 4 height and weighing over 300 tons. Some researchers argue that these megaliths are not “foundation stones” as they have always been declared as it appears as if it was essential that the largest of the stones were position on top, and not at the bottom making the whole edifice become an inverted structure.

This ancient Babylonian tablet has just changed the history of astronomy — Advanced math used to track planets


Not only does this discovery change everything we thought we knew about Astronomy in ancient times, but the ancient tablets describe math that was believed to have been invented over 1,000 years later, drastically changing everything we know about ancient man, and rewriting history books along the way.

babylonian-tablet-jupiter-calculation - This ancient Babylonian tablet has just changed the history of astronomy — Advanced math used to track planets
The Ancient Babylonian tablet, written in cuneiform script, contains geometric calculations used to track the motions of Jupiter rewriting the history of astronomy along the way.

For the past couple of decades, it was believed that ancient Babylonian astronomers used arithmetic systems for predicting the positions of celestial bodies. But a new study published in the journal Science presents the first evidence that ancient Babylonian astronomers were using geometry much sooner than previously thought. New studies indicated that ancient astronomers used small boards which demonstrate the use of sophisticated geometric methods to calculate the position of planets like Jupiter by a trapezoidal area several centuries ahead to the development of calculation.

The discovery, made by science historian Mathieu Ossendrijver at the Humboldt University in Berlin provides new details on ancient Babylonian astronomers and their staggering precision when it comes to astronomy. Ossendrijver managed to translate and interpret five ancient clay tablets which were marked with tick-shaped imprints of the ancient cuneiform script. Reports indicate the tables were excavated in the late nineteenth century and are currently kept at the British museum in London, UK.

“This is familiar to any student of physics, or math or science,” Mathieu Ossendrijver, an Astro-archaeologist at the Humboldt University of Berlin, told Space.com. But using time as a variable to calculate speed or distance has not been part of human culture forever. Using a graph to understand motion or speed over time is usually traced back to scholars in Oxford and Paris around 1350, and then to Isaac Newton, who developed integral calculus, Ossendrijver said. “What I now found is that this method was already invented in Babylonia more than 1,500 years earlier.”

Prior to studying the history of science and cuneiform in 2005, Ossendrijver was an astrophysicist who in 2012, published a book of new translations for the known Babylonian tables featuring astronomical calculations and tables.

“Although it is known that the geometry was used from around 800 BC, we did not know that it was used to calculate the position of the planets, “says Ossendrijver.

The researcher has spent the last 14 years examining the Babylonian cuneiform tablets kept in the British Museum. No one had ever found a Babylonian astronomical calculation that leveraged their impressive knowledge of pure geometry until Ossendrijver did it, who described it as “small bunch of four weird trapezoid computations” between 2,000 and 2,400 years old, writes National Geographic.

babylonian-tablet-trapezoid-jupiter - This ancient Babylonian tablet has just changed the history of astronomy — Advanced math used to track planets
“Although it is known that the geometry was used from around 800 BC, we did not know that it was used to calculate the position of the planets, “says Ossendrijver.

According to Niek Veldhuis, from the University of California, Berkley — a researcher who wasn’t involved in the study —The study also fills in crucial gaps, since it “finally connects Babylonian mathematical astronomy with geometrical mathematics”—a missing link that has eluded scholars for more than a century.

“That such an important, and almost completely preserved, an example can now be added to the corpus…speaks volumes about the untold treasures that may still be found in the drawers of the British Museum and other such collections,” says Veldhuis.

Incredibly, Ancient Babylonian techniques outshine methods used by contemporary Greek and Egyptian Astronomers, and incredibly, mirror the mean speed theorem, which is a mathematical description of motion, invented by a 14-th century English group known as the Oxford Calculators.

“There are thousands of tablets in various museums that were never translated,” says Ossendrijver, “and often we can translate a tablet but don’t understand what is going on until much later.”

Ossendrijver concluded that the trapezoidal calculations were a tool to determine the movement that traces Jupiter on a daily basis. The calculations present in the tablet record a period of 60 days, which began on the first night when the Gas Giant was observable in the sky after nightfall and shows that ancient Babylonian astronomers knew how to calculate the area under a curve in order to determine a numerical value. This indicates, says Ossendrijver in the journal Science, the ancient Babylonian astronomers had developed abstract mathematical concepts that relate to the movement, position and time, fundamental aspects that are used by any modern-day mathematician or physicist.

Regrettably, when the ancient Babylonian culture declined together with the cuneiform script it was recorded in around the year 100, these ancient (advanced) techniques were forgotten according to Ossendrijver, and appeared again in the 14th century when researchers began using graphs to calculate changes to a system over time. However, not everything vanished with the decline of ancient Babylonian culture. For instance, people today still discuss the signs of the Zodiac, use the Ancient Babylonian system of degrees, minutes and seconds in units of 60 in order to calculate distances across the sky.

Ossendrijver said that ancient Babylonian observations and techniques, translated into Greek, offer evidence of that transfer of information.

Alexander Jones, a historian at New York University wrote in the article accompanying the work of Ossendrijver that the process shows “a more abstract and profound conception of a geometrical object in which one dimension represents time. It’s much earlier than these concepts have ever been found before, he said, and “their presence … testifies to the revolutionary brilliance of the unknown Mesopotamian scholars who constructed Babylonian mathematical astronomy.”


This is the oldest writing system in the world and predates Ancient Sumerian writing


The Danube Valley Civilization script is the oldest writing in the world and predates the Sumerian Writings in Mesopotamia and the Dispilo Tablet.

vinca-symbols - This is the oldest writing system in the world and predates Ancient Sumerian writing
The Vinca Symbols (Source: Wikipedia)

While the Danube Valle civilization isn’t as famous as other ancient cultures around the globe, is it one of the oldest civilization to exist in Europe, developing from around 5,500 and 3,500 BC in an area known today as the Balkans, a vast area of land that stretches from Northern Greece to Slovakia (South to North), and Croatia to Romania (West to East).

The Danube civilization was one of the most influential and important cultures in south-eastern Europe, being among the first civilizations to develop copper tools, advanced architecture, including two-story houses, design and production of furniture, and most importantly a writing system. All of this occurred while most parts of Europe were in the Stone Age, and advanced development was nowhere to be seen. This ancient civilization from the Balkans developed unprecedented skills like weaving, leather processing, clothes manufacturing and they invented the wheel.

However, the most prominent feature of the Danube Valley Civilization is without a doubt, the controversial written language they developed. Even though many archeologists believe the Danube Valley script isn’t a written language but a collection of geometric shapes, others believe that this is one of the first writings systems to ever appear on Earth. In fact, if this theory is proven to be accurate, it would mean that it is the OLDEST written language ever found on Earth, predating the well-known Sumerian Writings in Mesopotamia and the Dispilo Tablet which according to researchers dates back to 5360 BC.

According to Harald Haarmann, a German linguistic and cultural scientist says the Danube script predates the Sumerian writings and should be considered as the oldest writing in the world. The inscriptions in tablets found from the Danube Valley Civilization date back to at least 5,500 BC, and the mysterious symbols that make up the written language are yet to be deciphered.

The symbols seen on numerous tablets from the Danube civilization are also called the Vinca symbols and are found across multiple archeological sites across the Danube Valley areas. The symbols have been found to be recorded on pottery, figurines, spindles and other clay artifacts.

dfeecbbbffdeeeabc - This is the oldest writing system in the world and predates Ancient Sumerian writing
The fact that the writing system developed by the Danube Valley Civilization is the oldest in the world is definitely a history changer.

A History Changer

The fact that the writing system developed by the Danube Valley Civilization is the oldest in the world is definitely a history changer. Not only is there evidence to support this theory present on clay tablets, but researchers have found thousands of artifacts with the Danube Valley Script on countless figurines. To date, researchers have found approximately 700 different characters in the Danube Valley Script, a number similar to the characters used in Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphs.

The fact that mainstream archeologists suggest these symbols are not a writing system but mere decorations come from the same inability to explain other findings across the globe. It seems that every time, something that challenges mainstream views on history and development of the human race is found, mainstream scholars, close their eyes and decide to ignore it.

However, there are scholars who also suggest that the Danube Valley Civilization actually copied the symbols and writing system of Ancient Mesopotamia, claims that are absurd when you realize that some clay tablets from the Danube Valley Civilization are older than many clay tablets from ancient Mesopotamia.

If anything, this incredible ancient civilization surely deserves a more appropriate study and scientific approach, one which could teach us a thing or two about ancient civilizations on Earth. Haarmann’s proposal deserves a better look at what could prove to be one of the most important and controversial ancient civilizations on Earth.

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