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Amarna: The Lost City of Akhenaten – Ancient Egypt’s Heretic Pharaoh

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For the first time ever, researchers were able to recreate a 3D model of the Lost City of Akhenaten: Amarna.


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Pharaoh Amenhotep IV, also known as Akhenaten, was one of the most controversial Pharoah ever to rule over Ancient Egypt. Considered by many as a heretic, Akhenaten imposed, for the first time, single religion solely based on the worship of the Sun Disk ‘Aten’ which has earned him a place in history as the first ever ruler to abandon traditional Egyptian polytheism, replacing it with a complete innovative monotheistic religious system.

Akhenaten could have been the first monotheist in all of history, a precursor to Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and Muhammad as prophets who worshiped one God.

The Aten, the sun-disk, is first referred to as a deity in The Story of Sinuhe from the 12th dynasty, in which the deceased king is described as rising as a God to the heavens and uniting with the sun-disk, the divine body merging with its maker. By analogy, the term “silver Aten” was sometimes used to refer to the moon.

Akhenaten claimed, “There is only one God, my father. I can approach him by day, by night.”

Among the numerous changes implemented by Akhenaten, he is also credited with building an incredible new Capital City called Amarna, with never-before-seen architectural techniques.

Now, for the first time, researchers have been able to reproduce 3D models of some of the buildings of the capital of Akhenaten: Amarna.

https://vimeo.com/162344780

As explained by the French National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS), with the numerous changes imposed by Akhenaten, the walls no longer had to support massive, ten-to-twenty ton roof slabs, a new architectural standard was established: The huge blocks of stone previously used to erect temples, and royal edifices were replaced by standard-sized stone bricks—Talatats—which had the advantage of being quicker to build with.

However, before introducing the revolutionary building methods on a larger scale, builders first tested their new methods at Karnak, an extensive religious complex located north of Thebes.

Robert Vergnieux former director of the Archéovision Laboratory and steward of an ongoing Akhenaten exhibition in Bordeaux explains: “Because Aten, the sun disk, became the only God to converse with, temples were built without roofs, bathed by the ‘divine rays.’”

However, Researchers had a hard time reconstructing Ancient Amarna since Akhenaten’s capital was wiped off the map. Because of his revolutionary ideas and changes in Ancient Egyptian society, Akhenaten made more enemies than friends, the reason why after his reign, ancient Egyptians tried hard to erase from history anything related to Akhenaten.

“No sooner had he died, than the clergy of other religions, notably those of Amon, who were very powerful, systematically erased all traces of his reign,” says Vergnieux.

Some of the remains of Akhenaten’s legacy can be found at Karnak, where sandstone blocks belonging to Akhenaten’s buildings survived, but were later used in other constructions. Even though Amarna was razed to the ground, steles describing its spatial layout were found on the edges of the town, and all foundations have survived.

Experts of Archéovision had a hard time putting together the pieces, imagining what Amarna might have looked like thousands of years ago when it was under the reign of Akhenaten. However, they had a solid starting point. Vergnieux explains that “2D reconstructions of several buildings, notably at Karnak, had already been proposed, and I had formulated several hypotheses during my Ph.D. work on Amarna.”

Moreover, a 3D application developed by Archéovision proved to be an essential research tool that has helped experts with the reconstruction of the lost city of Amarna.

“For each building, several versions were proposed and submitted to partner Egyptologists in the project,” says Loïc Espinasse, a 3D engineer at Archéovision. Thanks to 3D, the large and small temples of Amarna could also be reconstructed “virtually,” as could two houses of dignitaries.

Find out more about the Lost City of Akhenaten here.

The Ars Notoria: A rare ancient text said to teach superhuman abilities

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The Ars Notoria is a rare ancient magical text that is said to perfect memory and master academia among other incredible things. 

“…The Notory Art revealed by the Most High Creator to Solomon. In the Name of the Holy and undivided Trinity, beginneth this most Holy Art of Knowledge, revealed to Solomon, which the Most High Creator by his Holy Angels ministered to Solomon upon the Alter of the Temple; that thereby in short time he knew all Arts and Sciences, both Liberal and Mechanick, with all the Faculties and Properties thereof: He has suddenly infused into him, and also was filled with all wisdom, to utter the Sacred Mysteries of most Holy words…” – The Notory Art of Solomon.

The Ars Notoria – An Ancient Magical Book to Perfect Memory and Master Academia

Do you believe that there are ancient texts that help understand how humans function? Several sciences are known for avoiding many parts they cannot comprehend or explain, is it possible that this is one of them? Innumerable ancient books have been written in the past promising otherworldly powers to those who welcome its knowledge. People in the past firmly believed that ancient scripts offered magical powers and ways of altering the consciousness of those who read it.

But from where does this mysterious knowledge come from? In the distant past, not many people knew how to read or interpret ancient (sacred) writings, which could have inherently, categorized some texts as mysterious and powerful.

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“And know this; that if thou hast not the books in thy hands, or the faculty of looking into them is not given to thee; the effect of this work will not be the lesse therefore: but the Orations are twice then to be pronounced, where they were to be but once: And as to the knowledge of a vision, and the other virtues which these Holy Orations have; thou maist prove and try them, when and how thou wilt.” (source) –Ars Notoria The Notory Art of Solomon.


In the famous grimoire a textbook of magic, with instructions on how to create magical objects like talismans and amulets and perform magical spells—called Lesser Key of Solomon, there is an ancient text called the Ars Notoria, or the Notory Art of Solomon. This ancient text can be traced back to the thirteenth century while some parts were written as early as the twelfth century.

While there were numerous ancient texts that promised otherworldly powers in the past, this one was different since it specifically focused on prayers, meditations and another oral exercise unlike other books, which focused exclusively on spells, potions, and rituals.

The oldest writings in the so-called Lesser Key of Solomon offer those who read and understand it, a silver tongue, perfect memory and unimaginable wisdom. However, since there have been numerous ‘unauthorized’ revision through the ages, it is extremely difficult to evaluate its success and functionality.

The original texts were created in three different styles, including Hebrew, Greek, and Latin. It is said that King Solomon himself used the original writings of the Ars Notoria to become a wise, compassionate and talented ruler on Earth.

Among other who studied the powers of the Ars Notoria was John of Morigny, a fourteenth-century monk, who tried to achieve wisdom and academic mastery, became afflicted with otherworldly and demonic visions. After his unsuccessful try, he went on and created his own grimoire called Libor Visonum, while stating that the Ars Notoria was real and worked. However, it came at an extremely high price to the reader.

Inside the ancient texts, there is a communication trick many readers will find beyond fascinating. Referred to as the ‘magnetic experiment’, it details how to accurately use lodestone and to compass’ in order to communicate throughout great distances. It is believed that if the two needles were rubbed against the exact lodestone, the needles would eventually become ‘entangled’ with each other. Consequently, if one needle moves, so would the other needle.

Furthermore, if one placed the needles in the center of a circle of letters and images, two persons could communicate across great distances by spelling out words.

Interestingly, the ancient text contains many ideas and notions that are considered to be way ahead of their time.

However, given the available information, it is difficult to conclude whether or not such ancient texts were real and had any powers associated with it. Taking in count that in the distant past literacy was extremely low, it was easy to manipulate people making them believe something (like an ancient book) has magical powers associated with it.

You can download a copy, translated from Latin into English by Robert Turner, 1657 here. (Transcribed and converted to Acrobat by Benjamin Rowe, July 1999 Foreword copyright 1999 by Benjamin Rowe)


Ars Notoria: The Notory Art of Solomon – Esoteric Archives. Available from: http://www.esotericarchives.com/notoria/notoria.htm

An Ancient Race of ‘White Giants’ existed according to Ancient Native American tribes

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According to numerous writings and oral legends of Native American tribes, a race of ‘White Giants’ existed in the distant past. Interestingly, similar accounts of Giants existing on Earth in the distant past can be found all around the world.


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There are numerous legends among various Native American tribes, from the Comanches in the north to other tribes in the south, which speak of a mysterious race of white-skinned giants who inhabited North America thousands of years ago, before mysteriously vanishing from the face of the planet.

In his book “History of the Choctaw Indians, Chickasaw and Natchez” (1899), Horatio Bardwell Cushman writes: “The tradition of the Choctaws . . Told of a race of giants that once inhabited the now State of Tennessee, and with whom their ancestors fought when they arrived in Mississippi in their migration from the west. … Their tradition states the Nahullo ( a race of giants) was of wonderful stature.”

Cushman stated that, over time, the term “Nahullo” became common to refer to all white people, but originally, the term was used to designate a race of white giants with which the Choctaws fought after crossing the Mississippi River.

There is plenty of evidence today which suggests that Giant beings did, in fact, walk on Earth.

Interestingly, according to an account in 1857, Chief Rolling Thunder of the Comanche said: “Innumerable moons ago, a race of white men, 10 feet high, and far more rich and powerful than any white people now living, here inhabited a large range of country, extending from the rising to the setting sun. Their fortifications crowned the summits of the mountains, protecting their populous cities situated in the intervening valleys. “They excelled every other nation which was flourished, either before or since, in all manner of cunning handicraft—were brave and warlike—ruling over the land they had wrested from its ancient owners with a high and haughty hand. Compared with them the palefaces of the present day were pygmies, in both art and arms. …” (source)

According to the Comanche chief, a Great Spirit wiped out the White Giants when they forgot all about justice and mercy, becoming too proud.

The Navajo are another ancient tribe that offers evidence of Giants walking the Earth. The Navajo speak of a rave of ‘white giants’ called the Starnake people, describing them as a “regal race of white giants endowed with mining technology who dominated the West, enslaved lesser tribes, and had strongholds all through the Americas. They were either extinguished or ‘went back to the heavens.'”

The mysterious Starnake were either extinguished or “went back to the heavens.” The name may be a corruption of the Biblical race known as Anakim (Num. 13:33, Deut. 1:28). The name Og (Hebrew “chief”) appears to be characteristic (see Zimmerman, pp. 188-91). The ogham alphabet is attributed to this cultural founder. (Source)

However, more stories of White Giants can be found in numerous other accounts of ancient North-American tribes. The Choctaw also happen to mention the mystery giants. According to the Choctaw tribe, in that, is now known as Tennesee, a race of giants dominated the land in the distant past. It is said that their ancestors fought against them when they arrived in Mississippi during their westward migration.

Interestingly the Paiutes have oral legends that speak of red-haired giants, white cannibals that stood above 10 feet in height inhabiting the Lovelock Cave, in Nevada.  Interestingly, in the past, archaeologists have discovered remains of people with red hair in the region.

In what is now modern-day Mexico, Ancient Aztec legends also happen to mention the existence of a race of giants.

In Aztec mythology, these giants are referred to as the Quinametzin. The ruler of the Giants was, according to some versions of the myth, the god Tlaloc. Interestingly, the Quinametzin were believed to be the builders of the city of Teotihuacan and Tlachihualtepetl. The ‘Tlaxcaltecas’ recounted that, near the time of the Spanish Conquest, they themselves had fought the last Quinametzin on Earth.

If we travel to South America, we will find that the ancient Manta people of Peru, speak of a race of giants that in the distant past, coexisted with them. Their legend says that: “There arrived on the coast, in boats made of reeds, as big as large ships, a party of men of such size that, from the knee downwards, their height was as great as the entire height of an ordinary man, though he might be of good stature. Their limbs were all in proportion to the deformed size of their bodies, and it was a monstrous thing to see their heads, with hair reaching to the shoulders. Their eyes were as large as small plates.” (Source)

5 Unconventional facts about the Great Pyramid of Giza that have Researchers baffled

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The Great Pyramid of Giza is rightfully considered as one of the most incredible ancient structures ever built on the planet. Its beauty is unmatched and its precision and stonework challenge even the most advanced technologies today. The truth is that if we wanted to replicate such an architectural project today we would have an extremely hard time doing so.


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Vickers Valentias bomber transporters flying past the Great Pyramid of Khufu at Giza in 1936. The pyramid’s original entrance can be clearly seen. Photo Charles Brown Getty Images

Just how, ancient man achieved this without the use of power tools, the wheel and advanced machinery is a mystery that has baffled anyone who has tried understand how this ancient structure was erected. With a staggering 2,300,000 stone blocks ranging in weight from 2 to 50 tons, the Great Pyramid of Giza is an exceptional masterpiece that has inspired countless books, articles, and movies in the last century.

The great pyramid of Giza is the only remaining structure of the 7 wonders of the ancient world. However, this is not a coincidence since the incredibly intricate design and careful planning of the builders allowed the Pyramids of the Giza Plateau to remain standing after several thousands of years.

In this article, we take a look at five completely unconventional facts about the Great Pyramid of Giza.

The Great Pyramid was NOT a tomb

While many researchers firmly believe the Great Pyramid of Giza was built to serve as the eternal resting place of the Pharaoh, not a single piece of evidence has ever been found to suggest the Great Pyramid was intended to serve as a tomb. In fact, researchers have never discovered any hieroglyphics or ancient text that links the Pyramids to tombs. Contrary to the mainstream theories, no mummy has ever been discovered in the Great Pyramid of Giza. This important fact provides much-needed space to speculate about the possible use of the Great Pyramid of Giza, which, as we can see, was not meant to serve as a tomb.

When it was first entered by the Arabs in 820 AD, the only thing found in the pyramid was an empty granite box in the King’s chamber called the “coffer.” (source)

The most UNIQUE Pyramid ever built

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The more we study and research the history behind the Great Pyramid of Giza, the more we find out just how unique this ancient structure is. In fact, no other Pyramid in Egypt is similar to the Great Pyramid. While most of them could be very similar, the builders of the Great Pyramid of Giza made sure to build something that will baffle coming generations.

Not only is the Great Pyramid noteworthy for its sheer size and megalithic blocks of stone, the shape of the Great Pyramid is unlike any other: It is the only EIGHT SIDED Pyramid in Egypt. The four faces of the pyramid are slightly concave and is the only pyramid to have been built this way.

The centers of the four sides are indented with an extraordinary degree of precision forming the only 8 sided pyramid; this effect is not visible from the ground or distance, but only from the air and then only under the proper lighting conditions. This phenomenon has remained a mystery for thousands of years mainly because it is only detectable from the air at dawn and sunset on the spring and autumn equinoxes when the sun casts shadows on the pyramid.

However, it is also the only known pyramid in Egypt to have both descending and ascending inner passages. While the reason behind it remains a mystery, it is evident that the Great Pyramid is the most unique structure built in ancient Egypt.

Mathematical perfection

The number of mathematical representations built within the pyramids is another mind-boggling fact that not many people are aware of. It seems that the builders of the Great Pyramid were not only exceptional builders and architects, by the look of things they were incredible scientists as well.

The fact that the relationship between Pi (p) and Phi (F) is expressed in the fundamental proportions of the Great Pyramid proves that the builder of the Great Pyramid predated the discovery of Pi by the Greeks by quite some time. According to reports, the vertical height of the pyramid holds the same relationship to the perimeter of its base (distance around the pyramid) as the radius of a circle bears to its circumference. If we equate the height of the pyramid to the radius of a circle than the distance around the pyramid is equal to the circumference of that circle. However, these are just some of the smaller fundamentals of the pyramids. The height of the pyramid times 10**9 = Avg. Distance to the sun. {5813.2355653 * 10**9 * (1 mi / 63291.58 PI) = 91,848,500 mi} Mean Distance to the Sun: Half of the length of the diagonal of the base times 10**6 = average distance to the sun Mean Distance to Sun: The height of the pyramid times 10**9 represents the mean radius of the earth’s orbit around the sun or Astronomical Unit. { 5813.235565376 pyramid inches x 10**9 = 91,848,816.9 miles} Mean Distance to Moon: ] The length of the Jubilee passage times 7 times 10**7 is the mean distance to the moon. {215.973053 PI * 7 * 10**7 =1.5118e10 PI = 238,865 miles } (source)

It is believed to have shined like a mirror

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Its incredible size of the Pyramid allowed the structure to be seen from incredible distances. In fact, the Great Pyramid can easily be observed in numerous satellite images of Earth. However, its incredible size wasn’t the only important fact that allowed the Pyramid to be seen from great distances. The Great Pyramid of Giza was originally covered by casing stones made of polished limestone. Ancient Egyptians called the Great Pyramid “Ikhet,” meaning the “Glorious Light.” These casing stones are said to have reflected the Sun’s light in such a way that they made the Pyramid shine as if it were a giant mirror. These casing stones are no longer present since they were used by Arabs to build mosques after an earthquake in the 14th century loosened many of them. It has been calculated that the original pyramid with its casing stones would act like gigantic mirrors and reflect light so powerful that it would be visible from the moon as a shining star on earth.

Incredible alignment

The Great Pyramid of Giza is one of the most amazing aligned structures on the surface of the planet. While many are aware of the ‘Orion Correlation Theory’, most people do not know that the Great Pyramid is located at the center of the land mass of the earth. The east/west parallel that crosses the most land and the north/south meridian that crosses the most land intersect in two places on the earth, one in the ocean on the opposite side of the planet and the other at the Great Pyramid. However, many people believe that in addition to the above, the Great Pyramid is mathematically connected with numerous other ancient sites across the planet, one of them being Stonehenge in England. The theory which suggests that numerous ancient monuments are linked proposed by Alfred Watkins in 1921 who came up with the idea that ancient sites were specifically placed on certain points across the globe. These sites could be discovered by following what Alfred Watkins referred to as Ley Lines.

15 extremely rare, ancient images of the Pyramids of Giza you’ve probably never seen

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In this article, we take a look at ten of the most impressive, rare and ancient images of the Pyramids at Giza we’ve managed to find. Behold fifteen breathtaking images of the most incredible ancient structures on the planet like you’ve never seen them before.

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The Pyramids at the Giza plateau are considered by many as some of the most incredible ancient monuments ever erected by mankind while others believe it is the ultimate evidence that before written history, our planet was inhabited by extremely advanced civilizations and one of their most incredible achievements is the construction of the Great Pyramid. While we are still unsure as to what the Pyramids original purpose was when they were built and by whom, we know that the Pyramids of the Giza plateau are one of the most famous ancient monuments on the surface of the world. This has placed them on the list of most photographed ancient sites on the planet.

Researchers estimate that the original builders of the Great Pyramid of Giza used a staggering 2,300,000 stone blocks weighing from 2 to 50 tons to complete the construction of the Pyramid. If you ask me that is an impressive number that still challenges today’s engineers, architects, and machinery.

What makes the Great Pyramid even more impressive is the fact that the mortar used in the construction fo the Pyramids is of an unknown origin (Yes, no explanation was given). It has been analyzed and its chemical composition is known, but it cannot be reproduced. It is stronger than the stone and still holding up today.

In the distant past, when the Pyramids were just built, it is believed that the Great Pyramid of Giza was covered with casing stones (made of highly polished limestone). These casing stones reflected the sun’s light and made the pyramid shine like a jewel. They are no longer present being used by Arabs to build mosques after an earthquake in the 14th century loosened many of them. It has been calculated that the original pyramid with its casing stones would act like gigantic mirrors and reflect light so powerful that it would be visible from the moon as a shining star on earth. Appropriately, the ancient Egyptians called the Great Pyramid “Ikhet,” meaning the “Glorious Light.”  How these blocks were transported and assembled into the pyramid is still a mystery. (source)

Of all the Pyramids in Egypt today, the Great Pyramid is the only one in Egypt with descending and ascending inner passages is a fact that cannot be overlooked when comparing it to other similar structures in Egypt. While the reason behind it remains a mystery, it is evident that the Great Pyramid was a unique structure built in ancient Egypt.

The list of impressive features of the Pyramids at the Giza plateau is very extensive, but this article aims at showing you this incredibly ancient structure as you have probably never seen before.

Today, there are probably millions of beautiful images of the Great Pyramids, and accompanying structures, however in this article, we take a look at some of the rarest and oldest images we managed to get our hands on.

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Pyramids and Sphinx Giza, Egypt 1860-1890. Photographium – Historic Photo Archive
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Great Sphinx Before Clearance. 1900
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Circa 1900 The pyramids at Giza on the banks of the River Nile
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The Pyramids, photographed in 1870.
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Vickers Valentias bomber transporters flying past the Great Pyramid of Khufu at Giza in 1936. The pyramid’s original entrance can be clearly seen. Photo Charles Brown – Getty Images
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Louis Armstrong and his wife at the Pyramids in 1961
Tourists-and-guides-climbing-the-Great-Pyramid-in-the-early-part-of-the-th-century - 15 extremely rare, ancient images of the Pyramids of Giza you’ve probably never seen
Tourists and guides climbing the Great Pyramid in the early part of the 20th century
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Troops seen in front of the pyramids around 1880
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Group of people in front of Sphinx and Pyramid 1885
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The Pyramids taken in 1862, one of the oldest images of the Pyyramids
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An image of the Pyramids taken in the 1880s
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Entrance to the Great Pyramid of Giza image taken 1890’s
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1880’s a group of people seen descending the pyramid
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Egyptian Sphinx and Pyramids ca. 1934
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Climbing the Pyramid of Cheops c.1900

The truth about the Illuminati and their influence on society

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How much do we know about the Illuminati? Are they a real group that exists even today? Or are they the result of complex ideas that have given birth to numerous articles, books, and films about them?


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The Illuminati are one of the largest sources of fantasy, controversy, modern mythology, conspiracy theories and debates around the world. People had become more interested in the mysteries behind this secret group in recent decades when numerous articles started flooding the internet, talking about the Illuminati, their secret organization and ultimate plans for humanity. Marketing has done an excellent job of promoting an ‘ideology’ that has been confused as a reality by many people.

The final goal of the Illuminati is to control society in every possible way, and they are often linked to war and political conflicts around the world. Some have even connected them to terrorist attacks such as those at the Word Trade Center, and the Assassination of JFK.

Prominent figures in society like Pope Francis and singers like Beyoncé, Jay-Z among others are often said to be part of this secret group. However, actual evidence linking anyone to them has never been discovered, and most people believe information that delicate will never leak to the press. However, there are those who believe in their official goal: to oppose superstition, obscurantism, religious influence over public life and abuses of state power.

But, is this secret group real? Do they actually exist and rule the world in the background while society remains unaware of their presence? Well, the so-called ‘order of the Illuminati’ was founded in 1776 in Bavaria, Germany. Illuminati is the plural of Latin illuminatus, which means enlightened.

This secret group was founded by Jurist Adam Weishaupt on May 1st in Bavaria. The group’s structure was based on the orders of the Masonic iconography using many symbols for aesthetic purposes linked to the world of the occult, as the staff, the obelisk, and the “all-seeing eye.”

The Illuminati were outlawed in 1785 by Prince Karl Theodor and dissolved. However, authors such as Agustin Barruel, Nesta H. Webster, and William Guy Carr warned that the organization could have continued to operate clandestinely after its dissolution, and have participation in events like the French Revolution or the Bolshevik Revolution. Many people believe that they continue operating illegally even today, and have expanded their influence all across the world. Interestingly, modern historians have even proposed that the founding fathers of the United States of America were part of the Illuminati. Contemporary historian Mitch Horowitz believes that today, the Illuminati are just an empty place where citizens put their concerns about the actual functioning of economic and political powers which dominate in the world.

While millions of people consider that this secret group is, in fact, real, and continues to operate behind our backs, in the shadows. Moreover, there are others who firmly believe that the Illuminati are nothing more than made up stories based on a small group that was founded in the 1770’s but quickly dissolved afterward.

In the 21st century, looking back at history, we will find that the Illuminati have gained extreme popularity due to numerous novels, books and films being published and filmed based on their history.

Whether or not the Illuminati are more than just an idea created by modern society is something up for debate since evidence of their existence is nearly impossible to find.

Is There a 9,000 Year Old Stonehenge At The Bottom Of Lake Michigan?

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Did you know that there is a 9,000-year-old Stonehenge at the bottom of Lake Michigan? According to researchers, not only is there a complex site at the bottom of the lake, but diving expeditions have photographed intricate carvings on submerged boulders.


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It seems that Scientists have undoubtedly stumbled across an incredible ancient structure located at the Bottom of Lake Michigan. Even though the discovery was made in 2007; a few people have heard of its existence.

Located 40 feet under the surface of Lake Michigan, Professor of Underwater Archaeology Mark Hooley discovered the site with his colleague Brian Abbot after exploring the lake with sonar equipment. While they initially were hoping to find lost shipwrecks, they stumbled upon one of the most incredible discoveries in the last decades.

After several sweeps, they discovered a set of stones on the bottom of the lake that caught their interest. Divers were sent down to investigate the curious formations and document whatever they could find.

“It was really spooky when we saw it in the water,” Holley said. “The whole site is spooky, in a way. When you’re swimming through a long line of stones and the rest of the lake bed is featureless, it’s just spooky.”

Today, not many know the exact location of the underwater complex in order to satisfy the Grand Traverse Bay’s American Indian community, whose interest remains solely in the preservation of the site, minimizing visits.


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However, the incredibly aligned stones are not the only thing that baffled researchers. One of the objects photographed underwater is a boulder which according to many is believed to depict what appears to be a prehistoric carving of a mastodon, an ancient animal which is believed to have inhabited the area over 10,000 years ago.

The ancient artwork allegedly present on the rock remains unconfirmed since researchers are trying to obtain more evidence which supports their theory: that this is in fact, an ancient carving of prehistoric men. However, since the boulder remains underwater its hard to come up with conclusive evidence.

Professor Mark Hooley has been working with computer models of the boulder in hopes that this will help determine the nature of the markings. Charles Cleland, a retired curator of Great Lakes Archaeology and Ethnology at Michigan State University, remains skeptical about the discovery and suggesting that petroglyphs of this kind are extremely rare to find in the Upper Midwest, adding that the discovery is of value.

“But I think this is certainly something that needs to be investigated,” Cleland said. “It would be unthinkable to leave it alone and not try to figure it out.”

So far, the underwater site remains unauthenticated, but researchers stress that other stone circles of similar size have been discovered across the great lakes. Comparing the site globally, you will notice that such findings aren’t uncommon at all, as there are hundreds of underwater sites located across the entire planet.

Researchers speculate that human hunter-gatherers roamed the area some 9,000 years ago and that the underwater stone circle could have been erected when the site was part of the mainland.

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