It remains a great mystery as to why ancient cultures around the globe decided to build Pyramids. Some of them are eerily similar even though they are located thousands of miles apart. While searching for the most noteworthy Pyramids on the planet (even though all of them are fascinating) we have come across the LARGEST Pyramid Complex in the world.
The mysterious structures were once thought to be natural formations. However, research has proven that the enigmatic structures are in fact extremely weathered ancient Pyramids.
Peru has quickly become one of the most exciting places on the planet and is considered as an archaeological gold mine by countless experts.
Ancient Peru is without a doubt attributed to numerous incredible advancements and has become in the last couple of decades the capital of Pyramids.
Did you know that –officially—the oldest Pyramid ever found on the planet are located in Peru?
However, not only is the oldest Pyramid on the Planet located in Caral, Peru, it turns out that near the city of Sipan, there is a major pyramidal concentration known as the Pyramids of Tucume, aka „The Valley of the Pyramids.“
Located between the Pacific Ocean and the Andes mountains, there are at least three ancient cities with numerous Pyramids. In fact, the area totals 250 Pyramids that have been discovered by researchers in the last couple of decades and archaeologists think the number of Pyramids could increase in the near future.
Among the most noteworthy ancient cities is Pama Grande, which was believed to have been built sometime between 600 and 750 AD. Sometime during 700 AD, the ancient builders erected the Huaca Fortaleza, a staggering ancient Pyramid reaching 40 meters in height, measuring 200 meters in width.
Even though much of the structures remain standing today, it isn’t as impressive as the other structures found in the area.
Batan Grande was constructed between 750 and 1100 AD. This ancient city has 34 Pyramids in General including the Huaca de Oro –Golden Pyramid— in front of which researchers discovered some ancient tombs. These structures are heavily weathered mostly due to the weather phenomenon known as El Nino, which struck the area in 1982 and 1998. Interestingly the site was destroyed around 1100 AD when a great fire raged across the city leading to the abandoning of the site.
Tucuman the successor of the Peruvian Pyramids. The ancient site of Tucume is located in a vast and fertile valley which exists thanks to the Taymi Canal, which delivers water northwards from the Chancay River.
At Tucume you will find a total of 26 Pyramids that are locally known as Purgatory.
Even though there are 26 ancient monuments in the region, most archaeological work has focused on the study of three primary structures in the are the Huaca Larga, Huaca One and the U-shaped “Temple of the Sacred Stone”.
Interestingly, the construction known as Huaca Larga or the Long Pyramid is considered as the longest above structure is known to date measuring a staggering 700 meters in length, 280 meters in width and reaching up 30 meters in height.
According to researchers, Huaca Larga was a freestanding platform at the beginning which was remodeled into its current shape when ancient architects decided to add a step Pyramid on the top.
The numerous buildings found in the area bear marks of the mighty Chimu culture which dominated the area. It is believed that the ancient Chimu Culture wanted to convert Huaca Larga into a complex resembling the vast adobe city of Chan Chan, known for its size and impressive architectural styles.
The ancient city of Tucume went largely unnoticed until Thor Heyerdahl explored the complex in 1988. Heyerdahl and his team managed to understand the cultural complexity of the ancient city finding most of the pyramids and countless artifacts. But according to many, the most exciting discovery made by Heyerdahl is perhaps evidence of transoceanic travel and elaborate boatbuilding techniques developed by the ancient inhabitants of Tucume.
Numerous ancient depictions of birdmen piloting reed boats amid anthropomorphic waves were found near the pyramids.
Thor Heyerdahl had the honor to explore the Pyramids of Tucume ni person, and his team excavated around forty tombs.
Due to the sheer size of artifacts discovered by Heyerdahl and his team, a museum was built to house the artifacts.
The most interesting details surround the Pyramids of Tucume. According to researchers, it would take around 2000 people a year to make only ONE Pyramid. This means that it would have taken thousands of people, thousands of years ago, to complete the construction of a single pyramid. However, there are 26 Pyramids in Tucume only, and there are over 200 scattered across the entire valley. This means that for some reason, Pyramid construction was imperative to the ancients who created hundreds of Pyramid for a reason we still do not understand.
Many archaeologists have concluded that the ancient Pyramids of Peru were built following a strict pattern and were NOT tombs. The tops of most Pyramids were flat and had numerous chambers and tunnels.