While we agree with many who believe that the story of Atlantis and its mighty empire is one of the most enigmatic tales of the past, it isn’t unique, as there are dozens of other similar tales of different cities, cultures and civilizations that just like Atlantis, disappeared without a trace, beneath oceans, jungles or desert sands.
Many cities which were deemed as mythological have proven to be more than that, and have emerged from the past making us wonder just how many similar ancient cities are out there? Waiting to be discovered together with their history, origin and secrets.
The Ancient City of Giants in Ecuador
According to ancient legends from Ecuador, there are cities of giants that were abandoned in the distant past. These ancient cities have been devoured by nature, covered in vegetation and hiding in plain sight. In fact, tribes from all the amazon speak of similar legends of ancient giant beings who inhabited the region in the distant past, a group of giants that lived and ruled over the earth before ordinary humans existed. There, in the vast Amazonian Jungle, Bruce Fenton, author and researcher believes lay the untouched ruins of the Lost City of the giants, named because of the giant tools which were found in the vicinity.
Not only did researchers discover huge tools that could not have been used but ordinary humans, researchers also discovered a Large Pyramidal shaped structure of approximately 80 meters square base and 80 meters height, with steeply inclined walls. According to initial reports, the structure is made out of hundreds of giant rocks which weigh up to 2 tons. At the top of the structure, a flat area, researchers discovered dozens of artifacts.
The Sunken City of Pavlopetri
Located off the coast of southern Laconia in Peloponnese between the Pavlopetri islet across the Elafonisos village and the Punta coast, Greece, archaeologists now believe this ancient city dates back 5,000 years and is the oldest submerged archaeological town. Pavlopetri was once a thriving port that dominated the Mediterranean. It thrived for 2,000 years during the time that saw the birth of western civilization.
It was discovered in 1967 by Nicholas Flemming and mapped for the first time in 1968 by a team of archaeologists from Cambridge. Researchers dated the ruins to the Mycenaean period, 1600–1100 BC but later studies showed an older occupation date starting around 2800 BC. Researchers believe the Mycenaeans used the pithoi and other storage vessels that were discovered underwater in order to store the goods they produced and/or traded.
Archaeologists believe that a cataclysmic event, a powerful earthquake, which occurred around 1000 BC caused the ground around the city to sink, bringing the town floor three meters below sea level, changing the region’s topography forever.
The well designed roads, houses and temples demonstrate that Pavlopetri was an extremely well organized city, and several researchers claim that the design of Pavlopetri surpasses other similar cities of that time period by far. Historians believe that the inhabitants of Pavlopetri were farmers, livestock breeders and fishermen, they also produced textiles and processed porphyry for dyes.
It is believed that they traded as early as the Proto-Helladic period – 3000 BC. A large number of weights used in weaving looms have been discovered showing that the women and children produced textiles and valuable clothing, adding to the value of potential trade routes across the Mediterranean.
Researchers discover Ancient Maya City with a unique, modern grid layout
This unique ancient city has shed light on ancient Maya building patterns. This walled, 2600 year old Mayan city suggests that the ruler that reigned over the city was someone particularly powerful, with an advanced knowledge in city planning. Thanks to new technology, archaeologists have mapped the ancient city discovering its grid-shaped arrangement. Nixtun-Ch’ich ‘has truncated pyramids and other monumental structures, oriented in the east-west axis with a deviation of only 3 percent. Most importantly, it is the only Mayan city whose urban design is based on a grid. The only Mesoamerica city which has similar features is located in the vicinity of Mexico City, Teotihuacan, and the colossal ancient city whose builders remind unknown. Teotihuacan is believed to have belonged to an ancient civilization that predated the Aztecs and the Maya.
Researchers have discovered about 15 buildings aligned in a straight line in the main ceremonial area. These structures which include pyramids, reached during the peak of the city around 30 meters in height. The visitors had to climb a set of stairs to reach their flat tops crowned by a temple. At the end of the ceremonial road, on the eastern edge of the city, there is a triadic formation or group, consisting of pyramids and buildings on a platform facing each other.
The discovery of the Ancient Biblical City of Libnah
Since 2009, researchers have studied the remains of an ancient village in an excavation site called Tel Burna, located 20 km southwest of Jerusalem, an area which was once a strategic border region between ancient Israel and the Philistines from the west. The ancient city of Libnah played notable roles in several passages of the Old Testament. Moses and the Israelites visited this ancient city during the Exodus. (33: 20-21) Joshua and the Israelite army conquered Libnah during the conquest of the Promised Land (Joshua 10: 29-30), after which the city was given to the descendants of Aaron and the priests (Joshua 21:13). According to 2 Chronicles 21: 9-10, the Edomites and the inhabitants of Libnah revolted against Joram, the wicked king of Judah.
The archaeological remains exposed in Tel Burna support the theory of the discovery of Libnah as both geographic, survey and excavation data seamlessly integrate into what we know was a frontier town in the Iron Age according to leading researchers of the project.
The artifacts discovered at the site, including grains, stamps, figurines and ceramic vessels originate from the ninth and eighth centuries BC, a period known as the Iron Age. This time period coincides closely with the historical accounts of the Bible and stories of the city of Libnah.
Ancient Egyptian City of Heraklion
The lost city of Heraklion is perhaps best known as being home to the temple where Cleopatra, one of the most famous ancient Egyptian rulers was inaugurated. This ancient city plunged into the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of Egypt almost 1200 years ago.
Before being swallowed by the sea, this might city was one of the most important trade centers in the Mediterranean. Interestingly, just like Atlantis, this ancient city was believed to be only a myth, that is until it was actually discovered, proving that a thin line divides myth from reality when an underwater archaeologists came across the sunken city whilst searching for French warships in the region.
The well preserved ancient city was found under thick layers of sand and mud, which guarded the ancient city for a millennia. Underneath this protective layer of soil, researchers found the main temple of Amun-Gerb, a series of giant statues of Pharaohs, a Sphinx, over sixty ancient ships, over 700 anchors (which point towards the importance of this ancient city in the past) and numerous blocks of stone with Green and Ancient Egyptian inscriptions.
The discovery of the ancient city of Heraklion remains as one of the most important underwater findings in the history of mankind. Many people hope that one day, we will find the lost city of Atlantis just as we found the ‘lost’ city of Heraklion.
The 5000 year-old city of Caral and its mighty Pyramids
According to archaeologists, Caral is of vast importance as they believe that Caral is one of the first sophisticated civilizations in the Americas added to the list of only a few civilizations that developed without a written form of communication.
The ancient Peruvian coastal civilization called Caral has puzzled archaeologists for years, but perhaps one of the most important discoveries made in Peru is a writing system believed to be the earliest form of communication in the world and according to historians, equivalent in age to the cuneiform of ancient Mesopotamia, making the discovery in Peru a highly valuable find. Caral made headlines first in 2001 when archaeologists and researchers working on the site, carbon-dated material from the amazing city complex back to 2627 B.C., but it was actually discovered in 1905, confirming the theories about the age of this ancient Peruvian culture. It is a complex of pyramids, circular plazas, and staircases that demonstrate the knowledge and might of this important ancient culture. It covers a mighty 165 acres and it is one of the largest in Peru. The pyramids of Caral according to archaeologists are contemporary with Egyptian Pyramids (3200 BC).
Caral made headlines first in 2001 when archaeologists and researchers working on the site, carbon-dated material from the amazing city complex back to 2627 B.C., but it was actually discovered in 1905, confirming the theories about the age of this ancient Peruvian culture. It is a complex of pyramids, circular plazas, and staircases that demonstrate the knowledge and might of this important ancient culture. It covers a mighty 165 acres and it is one of the largest in Peru. The pyramids of Caral according to archaeologists are contemporary with Egyptian Pyramids (3200 BC).
The pyramids of Caral according to archaeologists are contemporary with Egyptian Pyramids (3200 BC).
These complex constructions are proof of ingenuity of ancient man, being able to erect these incredible monuments, precisely constructed, shows the planning and organization levels of the builders of this incredible monument complex. It is an incredibly well-preserved site, probably thanks to its late discovery and because of the fact that the site itself lacked golden and silver items there has been little looting. The city plan, monuments and elite residences show clear signs of ceremonial functions telling us that Caral had a powerful religious ideology.
Two ancient Mayan cities found in the Mexican jungle after three thousand years
The mysterious cities, Lagunita and Tamchen (modern names) were found in 2014 by scholars from the Research Center of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts in the Yucatan Peninsula while examining aerial photographs of the region. This discovery has led many researchers to suggest that there could be dozens of ancient cities in the region which remain hidden among deep layers of vegetation. Lagunita was actually found decades ago but attempts to re-discover it ended in failure. The other city, called Tamchen is a previously unknown ancient city which provided new details to scholars on the ancient Maya civilization.
Researchers determined that the site has three monumental complexes with numerous pyramidal structures including a palace, two ball courts, plazas, courtyards and housing areas all carved with Mayan inscriptions, but the most incredible discovery is perhaps a large pyramid, over 23 feet high that stands out from the rest.
The mysterious Ancient underground city in Cappadocia
This unique ancient city is considered as one of the most important ancient underground cities ever discovered on the planet. Why? Because it wasn’t only a temporary shelter, but people called this underground city home, thousands of years ago. Researchers have now discovered that unlike other underground cities across the planet, people who lived in the underground city in Cappadocia lived there permanently and not temporary as it was believed earlier. This underground city, not to be confused with Derinkuyu, was discovered by Turkish construction workers during an urban development project. The massive underground city was found when construction workers started digging the area in order to prepare the terrain for new buildings.
The lost Labyrinth of Egypt, a construction of gigantic proportion that surpasses even the pyramids
“This I have actually seen, a work beyond words. For if anyone put together the buildings of the Greeks and display of their labours, they would seem lesser in both effort and expense to this labyrinth… Even the pyramids are beyond words, and each was equal to many and mighty works of the Greeks. Yet the labyrinth surpasses even the pyramids. Herodotus (‘Histories’, Book, II, 148).”
This mysterious underground complex of caverns and chambers is believed to hold the secrets to mankind’s origin, it is also believed to hold sacred ancient text from the lost civilization of Atlantis. It was described by authors such as Strabo and even Herodotus who had the opportunity to visit and record the legendary labyrinth before it disappeared into history.
According to writing by Herodotus I the IV century BC: the labyrinth was “situated a little above the lake of Moiris and nearly opposite to that which is called the City of Crocodiles” (‘Histories’, Book, II, 148).
The labyrinth (as it has been called by some in the distant past) is said to be an extraordinary underground complex which could hold the key to mankind’s history. It is said that there, we could find details about unknown civilizations in history, great empires and rulers that lived on the planet before history as we know it began.
“When one had entered the sacred enclosure, one found a temple surrounded by columns, 40 to each side, and this building had a roof made of a single stone, carved with panels and richly adorned with excellent paintings. It contained memorials of the homeland of each of the kings as well as of the temples and sacrifices carried out in it, all skilfully worked in paintings of the greatest beauty.”
The ancient underwater city of Dwarka
This ancient city that once belonged to the Great King Krishna was believed to be only a myth until it ruins were found not long ago.
According to legend King Krishna had a magnificent city with 70,000 palaces made out of gold, silver and other precious metals. It was an extremely wealthy and important city that sank after the death of King Krishna. The ruins were found 131 feet below the surface of the sea in the Bay of modern-day Dwarka, one of the seven oldest cities of India. Archaeologists have recovered numerous artifacts from the site, but one of them is believed to be more important than all of the remaining since it is believed to date back to 7500 BC, supporting the theory of the existence of this “mythological” ancient city.