A 4,000-year-old clay tablet has revealed the location of 11 lost ancient cities


Archaeologists have identified the location of 11 lost cities thanks to a 4,000-year-old clay tablet, created by ancient merchants from the Assyrian Empire.

The tablets were uncovered in modern-day Turkey, at an ancient city known as Kanesh. The clay tablets detail trading posts from the middle easer kingdom of Assyria, reports the Washington Post.

The careful translation of the ancient clay texts has revealed something archaeologists never expected: The locations of ancient cities that have been long lost to the sands of time.

Written in ancient Cuneiform script—developed by the ancient Sumerians—the clay tablets detail a set of business transactions, accounts, seals, contracts and even marriage certificates.

As reported, the discovery has the potential to change our understanding of the ancient Assyrian Empire.

After deciphering and gathering all information, researchers began to delineate the possible locations mentioned on the clay tablets: the records give clues to the distance between the cities of Mesopotamia already discovered by archaeologists from those who have not yet found.

Assyrian statues guarding the ancient city – Persepolis Shiraz Iran. Image Credit: Shutterstock

According to Harvard University’s senior lecturer on Assyriology, Gojko Barjamovic, after studying the more than 12,000 clay plates found in Kanesh, it is possible to develop a kind of map of the cities of Mesopotamia from the data.

Now, archeologists would have to start digging at the estimated locations to find even more information about one of the first organized civilizations in History.

Experts believe they have already identified 26 of them; 15 of which have been found previously, but 11 ancient cities remain a mystery, eluding discovery.

It will take time to find the ancient cities as the clay tablets do not offer the exact coordinates of their location. However, thanks to a now-defunct trading method, archeologists believe they know where most of these lost cities are, nonetheless.

The researchers explained: “For a majority of the lost cities, our quantitative estimates come remarkably close to the qualitative conjectures produced by historians, corroborating both such historical models and our purely quantitative method.

“Moreover, in some cases where historians disagree on the likely location of a lost city, our quantitative method supports the conjecture of some historians and rejects that of others.”

Ancient cuneiform inscriptions. Image Credit: Shutterstock

The ancient clay tablets have revealed that Kanesh, once a small trading settlement, eventually became one of the most critical trading outposts of the region.

The tablets offer a trip into the past, as they detail how the city of Kanesh was a “flourishing market economy.”

The clay tablets have helped Barjamovic and three economists to develop an innovative way of pinpointing the locations of ancient cites.

The ancient records allowed experts to develop the so-called “structural gravity model” which offers a robust estimate as to where lost cities might be located.

Now, the only thing left to do is set out a number of archeological expeditions, and start excavating in hopes of discovering a dozen of long-lost ancient cities.

Source: TRADE, MERCHANTS, AND THE LOST CITIES OF THE BRONZE AGE

Reference: Ancient data, modern math and the hunt for 11 lost cities of the Bronze Age

Featured image: Shutterstock


Like it? Share with your friends!

Ivan

Ivan is editor-in-chief at ancient-code.com, he also writes for Universe Explorers. You may have seen him appear on the Discovery and History Channel.

80 Comments

  1. I just hate how the muslim extremists have been destroying any of these things they find!!! It’s fascinating to learn about the past.

  2. Il right away post take hold of your rss as I can’t in finding your email subscription hyperlink or newsletter service. Do you have any? Kindly let me recognise in order that I could subscribe. Thanks.
    Cheap Super Bowl NFL Jersey From China

  3. The Lions headed over after last week’s loss to the Vikings, but the Chiefs 锟?who snapped a five-game skid with a win over Pittsburgh 锟?waited until Thursday night to depart.
    Borussia Dortmund Trikot Kinder

  4. Discover what’s the deal with ingbacks? According to Wikipedia, WP supports automatic pingbacks where all the links in a published article can be pinged when the article is published?we supply cheap nfl jerseys That explains why I get messages about new comments? when posting an edit that cross-references another post of my own. Info on trackbacks and pingbacks in WP here.
    Wholesale 2019 Super Bowl NFL Jersey

  5. I do agree with all the ideas you have presented in your postcheap jerseys. They are really convincing and will certainly work. Still, the posts are too short for novices. Could you please extend them a bit from next time? Thanks for the post.
    Cheap Super Bowl NFL Jersey

  6. Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wished to say that cheap nfl jerseys china I’ve truly enjoyed surfing around your blog posts. In any case I will be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write again very soon!postcheap nfl jerseys china.
    Wholesale 2019 Super Bowl NFL Jersey

  7. Attractive section of content. I just stumbled upon your website and in accession capital to assert that I get actually enjoyed account we supply cheap nfl jerseys your blog posts. Anyway Il be subscribing to your augment and even I achievement you access consistently rapidly.
    Wholesale 2019 Super Bowl NFL Jersey

  8. Last year, 8 1/2 of his 11 sacks on the season came after moving inside in Week 10. In a best-case scenario for the Packers, the game of “Where is Clay Matthews?” will confound opposing offenses.
    Cheap Wholesale Jordans China

  9. And faring well in practice, where he’s benefiting from going head to head against Gerald McCoy, the Bucs’ three-time Pro Bowl defensive [url=http://www.shoeswholesale.us.com/]Cheap Shoes Wholesale[/url] tackle.
    Chelsea Authentic Jersey 18/19

  10. As a side note, the more we can use trackbacks, pingbacks, and backlinks to spread the love and our message, the better.we supply cheap nfl jerseys I encourage you to figure out how to use these tools as they can really make our words online much more effective and heard.
    Super Bowl NFL Jersey Stitched

  11. I feel that is one of the most important info for me. And i’m glad studying your article. However should observation on few basic issues, The web site style is great,postwholesale nfl jerseys the articles is truly nice D.Just right activity, cheers
    Super Bowl NFL Jersey Stitched

  12. He might be a bit biased, of course. But back in 2012, [url=http://www.liverpoolfcstoreuk.com/adam-lallana-jersey-liverpool-fc.html]Liverpool Adam Lallana Jersey[/url] Smith’s ridiculous reception for Ohio State was all over the place. He went on a go-route against Miami of Ohio, took off for the end zone and Braxton Miller launched the football.
    Customized Manchester United t Shirts

  13. As the inevitable Boston-bashing rages on the streets, in the sports bars and on social media, so, [url=http://www.cheapshoesnzonline.com/]Cheap Shoes Online Nz[/url] too, are calls for perspective tinged with traditional New England pragmatism.
    Discount NFL Jerseys

  14. Thank you for another wonderful post. Where else could anybody get that type of info in such a perfect way of writing? I have a presentation next week, and I’m on the look for such info.
    Super Bowl Jersey

  15. I’m really impressed with your writing skills postwholesale nfl jerseys and also with the layout on your weblog with cheap nfl jerseys. Is this a paid theme or did you modify it yourself? Anyway keep up the excellent quality writing, it rare to see a great blog like this one these days
    Cheap Super Bowl NFL Jersey From China

  16. I will immediately postcheap nfl jerseys china clutch your rss feed as I can not in finding your e-mail subscription link or e-newsletter service. Do you have any? Please let me realize in order that I may subscribe. Thanks.
    Wholesale 2019 Super Bowl NFL Jersey

  17. The Army basic training base near Columbia on Saturday holds a free youth football camp with Carolina Panthers defensive tackle Colin Cole on hand. Participating children [url=http://www.soccerjerseyswholesale.us.com/]Wholesale Soccer Jerseys Online[/url] will learn football skills from retired [url=http://www.bayerntrikotfanshop.de/]Fc Bayern Trikot[/url] and current NFL players, who also will speak about their life experiences outside football.
    Mats Hummels Bayern Trikot

  18. I will immediately postwholesale nfl jerseys grasp your rss as I can’t in finding your email subscription hyperlink or e-newsletter service. Do you’ve any? Kindly let me understand in order that I may just subscribe. Thanks.
    Super Bowl Jersey

  19. “Even the great ones have bad days,” Butler [url=http://www.authenticnfljerseys.us.com/]Jerseys NFL Cheap[/url] said. “So it’s all about learning, moving forward, getting better, competing.”
    NFL Jerseys China

  20. Pretty section of content. I just stumbled upon your website and in accession capital to assert that I acquire in fact enjoyed account we supply cheap nfl jerseys your blog posts. Any way I will be subscribing to your augment and even I achievement you access consistently quickly.
    Cheap Super Bowl NFL Jersey From China

  21. The former fifth-round draft pick got [url=http://www.atleticomadridtiendaonline.es/]Camiseta Atletico De Madrid Barata[/url] his first chance to work with Kansas [url=http://www.airmax97australiacheap.com/]Buy Air Max 97 Australia[/url] City’s top [url=http://www.hydroflasksaleclearance.com/]Hydro Flask Water Bottle Cheap[/url] offense this preseason, throwing for 146 yards and two touchdowns [url=http://www.basketairmax90pascher.fr/]Air Max 90 Pas Cher Chine[/url] in a weather-shortened 34-10 win over the Titans.
    Wholesale Hydro Flask

  22. Thank you for the good writeup. It in reality was once a leisure account it. Glance advanced to far brought agreeable from you! By the way, how could we keep in touch?
    Super Bowl Jersey

  23. “I’m sincere in my commitment to Jacksonville and am extremely optimistic that we’re moving in the right direction, on and off the field,” Khan said in a statement Thursday. “We can never stand still, however. We can never underestimate the importance of exploring all means possible to strengthen the future of the Jaguars here in Jacksonville.”
    Wholesale Air Max 97

  24. After having a cyst removed from his back before the start of offseason workouts in 2013, [url=http://www.wholesaleairmax.us.com/]Air Max Clearance Sale[/url] Romo didn’t get any significant work until training camp.
    Harry Kane Shirt

  25. I will right away post clutch your rss feed as I can’t in finding your email subscription hyperlink or e-newsletter service. Do you’ve any? Please let me realize in order that I may just subscribe. Thanks.
    Super Bowl NFL Jersey Stitched

  26. Il right away postcheap nfl jerseys take hold of your rss as I can not in finding your e-mail subscription link or e-newsletter service. Do you have any? Please permit me know in order that I may subscribe. Thanks.
    Super Bowl NFL Jersey Stitched

  27. I am extremely impressed with your writing skills postwholesale nfl jerseys and also with the layout on your blog with cheap nfl jerseys. Is this a paid theme or did you customize it yourself? Anyway keep up the excellent quality writing, it rare to see a nice blog like this one today
    Cheap Super Bowl NFL Jersey From China

  28. I’m extremely impressed with your writing skills postcheap nfl jerseys and also with the layout on your weblog with cheap nfl jerseys. Is this a paid theme or did you customize it yourself? Either way keep up the nice quality writing, it rare to see a nice blog like this one nowadays
    Cheap Super Bowl NFL Jersey

  29. We are a group of volunteers and starting a new scheme in our community. Your site offered us with valuable info to work on cheap nfl jerseys china. You’ve done an impressive job and our whole community will be thankful to you.
    Wholesale 2019 Super Bowl NFL Jersey

  30. I do agree with all the ideas you have presented in your postcheap jerseys. They are very convincing and will definitely work. Still, the posts are too short for beginners. Could you please extend them a little from next time? Thanks for the post.
    Cheap Super Bowl NFL Jersey From China

  31. Ginn said playing under three former coaches in [url=http://www.cheapadidasshoesfromchina.us.com/]Cheap Adidas Shoes From China[/url] Carolina who have played in [url=http://www.stitchedjerseys.us.com/]Stitched Jerseys[/url] the NFL 锟?Rivera, offensive coordinator Mike Shula and wide receivers coach Ricky Proehl 锟?have helped.
    Personalized Liverpool Jersey

  32. FOXBOROUGH, Mass. (AP) 锟?Tom Brady is glad to have things back to normal as he prepares for his second game since having his four-game NFL suspension overturned by a federal judge.
    Asics Sko Danmark

  33. “If the (Ted) Wells investigation is not able to definitively determine that our organization tampered with the air pressure in the footballs, I would expect and hope the league would apologize to our entire team, and in particular [url=http://www.airmax90baratasonline.com/]Air Max 90 Comprar Baratas[/url] to coach (Bill) Belichick and Tom Brady, for what they’ve had to endure this week.”
    Magasin Saucony Belgique

  34. “That’s kind of the [url=http://www.cheapncaajerseys.us.com/]Wholesale College Jerseys China[/url] interesting part of it, but I think it’s good,” he said. “I’ve always thought that it’s important for the guy holding this position to be playing, just so guys in the locker room understand he’s [url=http://www.bvbtrikotshop.de/]Bvb Trikot[/url] one of us and he understands what we’re going through now.”
    Air Max 97 Belgie

  35. Roethlisberger managed to make it into the field without crutches and even lobbed a few passes to teammates before the game. Yet with their $100 million franchise quarterback’s troublesome knee several weeks away from being ready to go, the Steelers’ chances of keeping pace in the crowded AFC [url=http://www.nuevocamisetadelrealmadrid.es/]Uniforme Del Real Madrid[/url] North will rely heavily on the 35-year-old Vick.
    Air Max 90 Outlet Schweiz

  36. “My shoulder is great,” McCarron said on Wednesday. “My shoulder has never felt better than it has as long as I can remember. People don’t need to worry about my shoulder. It’s just a minor setback.”
    Camiseta Real Madrid Tienda

  37. Quarterback Ryan Tannehill was limping after the loss with a sore right ankle following a succession of hits. Among those injured, Albert’s availability for the Bills game appears the most questionable.
    Raphael Guerreiro Trikot

  38. NEW YORK (AP) 锟?New York Jets defensive lineman Sheldon Richardson has been suspended without pay for the first four games of the regular season on Thursday for violating the NFL’s substance abuse policy.
    Air Max 95 Baratas

  39. Vacation [url=http://www.airmax97suomi.com/]Air Max 97 Suomi[/url] home rentals have been available for years privately and through websites such as Vrbo and Airbnb, but the focus on the Valley of the Sun has never been sharper with Super Bowl [url=http://www.airmax-norge.com/]Air Max Sko Norge[/url] 49 and the Waste Management Phoenix Open golf tournament attracting tens of thousands of visitors on the same weekend.
    Camiseta Real Madrid Champions

  40. “It was good to get Todd work with the offense and Tre had a full practice, so it was good to see them both in there,” coach Jeff Fisher said.
    Air Max 95 Australia

  41. ROOKIE BACKS: Bears running back Jeremy Langford carried the load at San Diego with 72 yards rushing and 70 [url=http://www.cheapjerseysshop.us.com/]Cheap Authentic Jerseys[/url] receiving and a fourth-quarter touchdown run. Even if two-time Pro [url=http://www.airmax90skorsverige.com/]Air Max 90 Skor[/url] Bowler Matt Forte returns from [url=http://www.cheapkankenbackpack.com/]Fjallraven Kanken Backpack Wholesale[/url] a knee injury, the Bears know they have a backup option. Forte practiced Wednesday on a limited basis. With his 30th birthday next month and his contract set to expire, his future in Chicago is up in the air.
    Maillot Psg Boutique

  42. In a news conference at Redskins Park, his first remarks since the Thursday-through-Saturday draft, McCloughan repeatedly spoke about building for the future.
    Air Max 2015 Descuento

  43. “I [url=http://www.cheapsoccerjerseyssale.us.com/]Soccer Jerseys Outlet[/url] [url=http://www.chinanfljerseysshop.us.com/]Cheap Jerseys Free Shipping[/url] think he has all the makings to be a really good guard in this league,” McCoy said. [url=http://www.jerseysnfl.us.com/]Discount NFL Jerseys[/url] “Obviously he’s made some rookie mistakes, but that’s to be expected.”
    Discount NFL Jerseys

  44. And even if coach Bill Belichick and his well-programmed players can be expected to do whatever they can to avoid talking about that topic, the rest of the NFL-watching world will be focused on the pursuit of [url=http://www.cheapnbajerseysstore.us.com/]Cheap NBA Jerseys [url=http://www.nflcheapjerseys.us.com/]Stitched NFL Jerseys[/url] Wholesale[/url] 16-0 and, eventually, 19-0.
    Cheap Shoes From China Wholesale

  45. FOXBOROUGH, Mass. (AP) 锟?Seven months. At least $3 million [url=http://www.fansramsteamstore.com/]Cheap Rams Jerseys[/url] spent on lawyers 锟?and probably twice that or more. Reports and responses and arbitration and appeals and even a college class in New England called “Deflategate.”
    Hydro Flask Sale

  46. “We were never able to establish our type of football because we got behind early,” Williams [url=http://www.atleticomadridtiendaonline.es/]Camiseta Atletico De Madrid Ni?o[/url] said. “We had turnovers early and that’s … going to take you out of the game.”
    Wholesale Jerseys

  47. The Bengals improved to 8-0 for the first time [url=http://www.wholesalejerseysforchina.us.com/]Discount NFL Jerseys[/url] in franchise history, their longest winning streak within a season.
    Camiseta Real Madrid 2019 Barata

  48. He said he gave no thought to trying another position, feeling he “showed [url=http://www.jerseysnflchina.us.com/]Cheap NFL Jerseys[/url] the world” he could play [url=http://www.cheapjerseysfastshipping.us.com/]Cheap Jerseys Fast Shipping[/url] quarterback [url=http://www.soccerjerseyswholesale.us.com/]Cheap Soccer Jerseys[/url] last season.
    China NFL Jerseys

  49. Her advice for fans who want to go to the game: Don’t buy a package, stay in a cheap motel, plan ahead for public transportation to and from the [url=http://www.airmax270australiacheap.com/]Air Max 270 Australia Sale[/url] game, eat before you enter the stadium and take advantage of the free activities before and after the game.
    Hydro Flask 32 Oz Cheap

  50. Williams was thrown at plenty during his two seasons in Philadelphia. According to STATS, Williams was targeted 96 times in 2014 锟?tied for 11th most in the NFL 锟?and allowed 51 receptions. In 2013, his first season with the Eagles, Williams was targeted 124 times, the most in the NFL.
    Cheap NFL Jerseys Wholesale

  51. The Chiefs have made modest savings by releasing Mays along with wide receivers Donnie Avery and A.J. Jenkins and tight end Anthony Fasano. Now, the big question is whether they will carve out more significant salary cap space by trading, releasing or restructuring the massive contracts of wide receiver Dwayne Bowe and linebacker Tamba Hali in the coming days.
    Camiseta Diego Costa 2019

  52. Cherilus had been one of Indianapolis’ few constants, [url=http://www.chinajerseysshop.us.com/]Cheap Jerseys China[/url] a consistent run blocker and pass protector. But his streak of 56 consecutive [url=http://www.jerseyscheap.cc/]nhl jerseys outlet[/url] starts [url=http://www.australiaairmaxcheap.com/]Air Max Mens Australia[/url] ended earlier this year, and a series of injuries took a toll on Cherilus as the season wore on. The latest problem, an injured [url=http://www.nflauthenticjerseys.us.com/]Cheap NFL Jerseys Authentic[/url] groin, apparently was too much to overcome.
    Asics Gel Lyte III For Sale Online Australia

  53. The 27-year-old rookie return man made good on his goal nearly a year after leaving his old sport to chase an [url=http://www.cheapairmaxonlineireland.com/]Cheap Air Max Online Ireland[/url] American football dream, and his quest captivated a country more than 7,000 miles away.
    Cheap Air Max 90 Online

  54. NOTES: Starks finished with 112 yards [url=http://www.wholesaleairmax.us.com/]Air Max Clearance Sale[/url] rushing on 10 carries. He started for Eddie Lacy, who had 3 yards on four attempts. Lacy said he wasn’t limited by a nagging right ankle injury, and that McCarthy stuck with Starks after his good start. “We went with James first, frankly, because he’s been playing extremely well and Eddie’s been a little banged-up,” the coach said. … Chargers S Eric Weddle left in the second half with an unspecified injury.
    Paul Pogba Jersey Manchester United

  55. One of coach Jason Garrett’s pet sayings is “nameless, faceless opponents,” and a mannequin with a jersey and football pants made a rare showing in a hallway near the locker room this week. It was positioned so that players could see it entering and exiting team headquarters.
    Grossiste Air Max Belgique

  56. Brady has appealed the suspension and is awaiting Commissioner Roger Goodell’s ruling. The Patriots did not [url=http://www.nuevocamisetadelrealmadrid.es/]Uniforme Del Real Madrid[/url] challenge their punishments.
    Camiseta Benzema Real Madrid

Comments are closed.