The not-so-famous ancient Peruvian civilization developed advanced methods in agronomy, medicine, engineering and architecture over 5000 years ago.
According to archeologists, Caral is of vast importance as they believe that Caral is one of the first sophisticated civilizations in the Americas added to the list of only a few civilizations that developed without a written form of communication.
Around 5000 years ago, ancient Peruvians settled at Caral and created one of the most advanced and oldest civilizations in South America. Their knowledge in several science ahs left today’s researchers perplexed and unable to answer the many mysteries behind the greatest South American civilization to develop independently.
According to researcher Ruth Shady, the ancient inhabitants of Caral set up Laboratories to draw up agricultural schedules and forecast climate events. This allowed them to determine the beginning and end of planting and harvesting seasons, as well as the changes in nature to adjust to them.
Caral made headlines first in 2001 when archeologists and researchers working on the site, carbon-dated material from the amazing city complex back to 2627 B.C., but it was actually discovered in 1905, confirming the theories about the age of this ancient Peruvian culture. It is a complex of pyramids, circular plazas, and staircases that demonstrate the knowledge and might of this important ancient culture.
The pyramids of Caral according to archeologists are contemporary with Egyptian Pyramids (3200 BC). These complex constructions are proof of ingenuity of ancient man, being able to erect these incredible monuments, precisely constructed, shows the planning and organization levels of the builders of this incredible monument complex. It is an incredibly well-preserved site, probably thanks to its late discovery and because of the fact that the site itself lacked golden and silver items there has been little looting. The city plan, monuments, and elite residences show clear signs of ceremonial functions telling us that Caral had a powerful religious ideology.
“As for energy exploitation and fluid mechanics, Caral took advantage of the wind, now known as the Venturi Effect, by channeling it through underground ducts in order to achieve high temperatures through bonfires,” said Shady according to Andina.
It still remains a profound mystery how the ancient inhabitants developed this technology over 500 years ago when the official discovery was made in 1740, according to mainstream researchers.
“As for pharmacology, we found that Caral inhabitants used willow —containing the *active chemical ingredient of aspirin*— to relieve pain such as headaches.”
Website andina.com.pe writes:
“Another highlight was the civil engineering, which continues to amaze since scientists applied the seismic resistance technology to the over-5000-year-old constructions.”
One of the most important things we have to mention about Caral is that no weapons, no mutilated bodies or any signs of warfare are present on the site, which points to the fact that Caral was a diplomatic and highly developed culture and the oldest city in the western hemisphere.