The temple occupies an area of 34 by 52 meters in length. It is believed to have been built between 1213 and 1279 BC. The temple is the ‘first evidence’ that Pharaoh Ramses II worshiped the Sun God Ra.
The remains of a temple belonging to Pharaoh Ramses II, from the 19th Dynasty (1295-1186 BCE), have been found in the area of Abu Sir, south of Giza.
Egypt’s Ministry of Antiquities General Secretary Mustafa Waziri said in a statement that the remains of the temple occupy an area of 32 by 51 meters, where a clay brick base has been unearthed from a facade of the compound and an external courtyard which communicated with the hypostyle hall, whose walls were painted blue.
At the end of the room, archaeologists found the remains of steps and a ramp that goes to a sacred chamber divided into three parallel rooms, whose walls were painted with colorful scenes, something that will help determine the exact time in which the temple was built.
It is an important finding to continue rebuilding the ancient history of Egypt.
Waziri said that in 2012 the same mission found evidence of a temple in this area, which was part of the great necropolis of the ancient city of Memphis in the southwest of the current capital of the country.
Meanwhile, mission director Miroslav Bartan said they have found titles of King Ramses II engraved on relief debris, as well as other fragments that have scenes depicting solar deities such as Amun, Ra, and the goddess Nejbet.
Pharaoh Ramses II is mainly remembered for the supermassive statues he commissioned and for his extensive building programe—as well as fathering more children than any other pharaoh.
Ramses II founded a new capital. Piramesse and erected incredible temples across Egypt and Nubia. The most famous of the buildings commissioned by him is the Abu Simbel, cut into rock, and the Ramesseum– his mortuary temple at Thebes.
Meanwhile, mission director Miroslav Bartan—director of the Czech mission—said they have found titles of King Ramses II engraved on relief debris, as well as other fragments that have scenes depicting solar deities such as Amun, Ra, and the goddess Nejbet.
This doesn’t come as a surprise as Ra was considered to be the King of the Gods, the patron of the Pharaoh and the creator of everything around us.
‘The discovery of the Ramses II temple provides unique evidence on building and religious activities of the king in Memphis area and at the same time shows the permanent status of the cult of sun god Re who was venerated in Abusir since the Fifth Dynasty and onwards to the New Kingdom,’ Professor Barta told Egyptian media Ahram Online.