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A Japanese archaeologist believes that the Nazca lines were links between ancient villages and served as pilgrimage routes.
The theory proposed by a professor at the university of Yamagata states that the straight lines and figures that form the famous Nazca lines in southern Peru could have been developed by the Nazca culture as links connecting villages in the region.
Professor Masato Sakai, a specialist in Andean archaeology has investigated the Nazca lines for over ten years; he estimates that about one thousand of the straight lines found at Nazca have expressed, reaffirmed and facilitated communication and links between the villages and people.
In their research, Professor Sakai and his team used satellite imagery to uncover new designs and analyze over ten thousand fragments of pottery that were discovered in the Nazca region while trying to determine the production date of the pottery and lines as well.
According to the theory proposed by Professor Sakai, the Nazca lines were produced over a period of about 2,00 years from 400 BC.
The hills of the Nazca region were connected by the lines and they were used for rituals in which the Nazca people smashed pottery into the ground as a mean to strengthen the links between different groups of the Nazca.
Professor Sakai stated that; “The Nazca culture lacked writing, so we believe that the Nazca lines were used as places of rituals that served as a way to emphasize relations between people”.
“We are also collecting and analyzing basic data about the Nazca lines and nearby ruins, such as their accurate distribution and age,” Sakai said. “We want to conduct empirical research on why and how these drawings were made.”
According to Sakai, the theory confirms their suggestions that the Nazca lines had a different use that originally attributed to the drawings of animals, which, according to Sakai, had a very different function that depended on when they were drawn.
According to the Japanese expert, the drawings of animals at the Nazca lines were probably first created around the hills where the rituals took place and were used at one point (circa 200 BC) as points of reference in the pilgrimage routes that lead to the temples and sacred places.
Around 100 BC, the animal designs were created on the plains located near the inhabited area of the Nazca plateau and functioned as places of ritual where people of agricultural societies prayed for successful harvests.