Wreckage from a mysterious, ancient planet spotted orbiting Mars

According to scientists, wreckage from a mysterious world that ‘vanished’ from our solar system billions of years ago has been found orbiting Mars.

There are a bunch of asteroids orbiting the red planet commonly referred to as ‘Trojans’, and now scientists say these mysterious objects may have belonged to an ancient world that was part of our solar system.

According to a new analysis, the objects orbiting Mars are all made from the same composition which indicates they fractured from a planet in the distant past, in what was a massive collision.

So far, scientists have discovered 9 Mars Trojans—the largest one of them measures 2km in diameter, while the remaining 8 span between 500 meters and 1.3 kilometers across.

Trojan asteroids aren’t a new thing in our solar system. In fact, astronomers say that these objects have been present since the beginning of our solar system when planets, moons, comets, and asteroids were distributed in a totally different way.

In fact, there are between 6,000 and 6,500 trojans in Jupiter’s and Neptune’s orbit.

The red planet has nine of them, and the first one discovered 35 years ago is called Eureka. This object is the largest of all nine trojans orbiting Mars.

To understand the Trojans orbiting Mars, an international group of astronomers used the Very large Telescope in Chile in order to obtain detailed characteristics or Mars’ Trojan family.

Experts found that the asteroids circling Mars are ALL made of the same material since the spectrum of sunlight they reflect is similar.

Left: The paths traced by the known Martian Trojans around L4 or L5 (crosses) relative to Mars (red disk) and the Sun (yellow disk). The dotted circle indicates the average Sun-Mars distance. Right: Enlargement of inset (dashed rectangle) showing the paths of the 8 L5 Trojans: 1998 VF31 (marked as “VF31” – blue), Eureka (red) and the 6 objects identified as family members (amber). The filled disks indicate the relative sizes of the asteroids. Eureka, the largest member, is about 2 km across. Credit: Apostolos Christou.

However, scientists found curious details. According to experts, each of the satellites has a mysterious composition compared to other objects in our solar system. All of the objects are composed of olivine—a mineral that comes into existence in larger materials as the are exposed to extremely high pressure and temperatures.

Experts point out that “Many other families exist in the Asteroid Belt between Mars and Jupiter, and even among Jupiter’s Trojans, but none are made up of such olivine-dominated asteroids”.

This is why scientists believe that the Trojans origin Mars were once part of a mini planets mantle.

Mini planets are believed to have developed a crust, a mantle, and core, but have been destroyed in the distant past due to cataclysmic collisions.

Experts lead by Dr. Apostolos Christou and Dr. Galin Borisov from the Armagh Observatory and Planetarium in Northern Ireland firmly believe that this is clear evidence that the rocks are the wreckage of a long lost planet in our solar system.

Furthermore, Dr. Christou revealed that the ancient world could even have greatly impacted or own civilization on Earth.

“Our findings suggest that such material has participated in the formation of Mars and perhaps its planetary neighbor, our own Earth,” said Dr. Christou.

Source: Armagh Observatory 

Reference: Astronomers find orbit of Mars hosts remains of ancient mini-planets

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