2,000-Year-Old Ancient Egyptian Underground Mummification Temple Discovered

Experts have found 35 Mummies and a 2,000-Year-Old abandoned Mummification Temple In Egypt.

The new discovery leaves the secrets of the ancient Egyptian mummification in the open, offering unprecedented details not only about the mummification process but the oils used by the ancient Egyptians thousands of years ago to mummify their deceased.

Egyptian archaeologists have confirmed they’ve discovered an ancient Egyptian cemetery and a mummification temple located thirty meters below the surface near the necropolis of Saqqara, south of Cairo.

Experts have also come across a large number of small stone statues, jars, and vases which were most likely used in the mummification process. Image Credit: Ministry of Antiquities وزارة الآثار

Dr. Ramadan Badry Hussein, Director of Saqqara Saite Tombs Project and Professor at Tübingen University describes the discovery as “rare”.

The amazing underground mummification workshop will provide, according to experts, a new vision of the chemical composition of the oils used by the ancient Egyptians to mummify their dead. It is thought that the funerary well, which is believed to be more than 2,000 years old, dates from the Saita-Persian period (664-404 a.C.).

According to reports, the discovery of the 35 mummies and the abandoned mummification workshop was made in April of this year and includes a number of stone sarcophagi.

Image Credit: Ministry of Antiquities وزارة الآثار

“The discovery will offer experts a couple of things but most importantly the type of oils used (in mummification) and their chemical composition, so we can identify the exact types of used oils, “said Ramadan Badry Hussein, head of the Egyptian-German mission that discovered the site.

Among the many discoveries on the site, the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities has pointed out that the most important artifact experts have come across is a Gilded Silver Mummy Mask, the second discovery of this kind ever made. The mask was found in one of the burial chambers of the main shaft attached to the Mummification Workshop reports the Ministry of Antiquities via their official Facebook page.

Image Credit: Ministry of Antiquities وزارة الآثار

It is believed that the mask belonged to a person who held the title of ‘the Second Priest of Mut and the Priest of Niut-shaes’.

The Ministry has revealed that preliminary tests have revealed the mask is composed of gilded silver, and that the eyes of the mask are inlayed with a black gemstone (most likely onyx), calcite and obsidian.

“the Mummification Workshop also includes an embalmer’s cachette with a 13.00 m. deep shaft that ends with a rectangular subterranean chamber, where a large corpus of pottery was found. This pottery included vessels, bowls and measuring cups inscribed with names of oils and substances used in the mummification. The Mummification Workshop has also a large shaft (K 24) in the middle, which is used as a communal burial place. It measures 3.00 x 3.35 m x 30.00 m. Shaft K24 uniquely has several burial chambers, including a complex of burial chambers, cut into the bedrock on a depth of 30.00 m,” explained Dr. Ramadan Badry Hussein.

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