Massive 3,000-Year-Old Tomb Discovered In Ancient Egypt Reveals Fascinating Artifacts

In Brief: Another grandiose discovery has been made in Egypt. Archaeologists have discovered an ancient Egyptian tomb dating back thousands of years. Home to a number of well-preserved mummies, the tomb located in Luxor was also filled with intricately painted was, as well as a number of ancient statues known as Ushabti.

Image Credit: AFP

A tomb, sarcophagi and various funerary objects have recently been discovered in a necropolis in Luxor, Egypt, in the south of the country.

The discoveries, made by Egyptian and French archaeological missions, were found near the El-Asasef necropolis, between the Valley of the Queens and the Valley of the Kings. 

The tomb had already been excavated a number of times since the nineteenth century, and scientists have recovered a number of artifacts during the various archaeological missions.

However, given the massive size of the tomb, new excavations continue revealing new artifacts and clues about the ancient Egyptian civilization.

Among the new discoveries is the sarcophagus of Pouyou, a woman who is thought to have lived sometime during the 18th dynasty, explained French archaeologists in a statement.

The sarcophagus was opened on November 24, 2018, revealing a well-preserved mummy. This is also the first time an ancient sarcophagus was opened in front of international media.

A second sarcophagus was opened by the French archeological mission and revealed the remains of Thaw-Irkhet-if, a priest who supervised the embalming of several pharaohs at the Temple of Mut in Karnak.

Furthermore, it has been reported that researchers also discovered a number of mummies inside the tomb who were not placed inside sarcophagi. According to experts, it is possible that these mummies may have belonged to the same family.

Archaeologists have explained that it remains unclear when this family lived or whether Pouyouwas related to them.

“One sarcophagus was rishi-style, which dates back to the 17th dynasty, while the other sarcophagus was from the 18th dynasty,” Minister of Antiquities Khaled Al Anani said.

According to experts, the El-Asasef necropolis was used to bury noblemen family to the pharaohs.

After spending more than five months and clearing 300 meters of rubble, the French-led team of archaeologists uncovered this particular tomb which contained, in addition to the sarcophagi, a treasure trove of other artifacts.

Experts reported finding skeletons and skulls, and as many as 1,000 statues made of wood and tomb clay known as Ushabti. These figurines were placed in royal tombs among the grave goods and were intended to act as servants for the deceased, should they be called upon to do manual labor in the afterlife.

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