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Tutankhamun was an ancient Egyptian pharaoh belonging to the 18th dynasty of Egypt and reigned from 1336 to 1327 B.C. In hieroglyphs, the name Tutankhamun was typically written Amen-tut-ankh.
His original name, Tutankhaten means “living image of Aton,” while Tutankhamun means “living image of Amun.”
Although it is formally defined that the XVIII Dynasty ends with the reign of Horemheb Egyptologists are convinced that the young Pharaoh was the last ruler of royal blood of the dynasty.
His reign was marked by the return to normalcy in the socio-religious plane after the interlude starring the monotheism of Akhenaten.
Said return was gradual, restoring the cult and architecture of the abandoned temples belonging to gods such as Amón, Osiris or Ptah, placing the priestly caste in office and allowing the celebration of the pertinent rites.
So, let’s go through some fascinating details about one of the most famous Pharaohs to rule over Egypt.
Tutankhamun’s tomb was so small that it took centuries to meet. In particular, it took 3,245 years until his tomb, found on November 4, 1922, was discovered by the English Egyptologist Howard Carter.
Tutankhamun was between 8 and 9 years old when his reign began. Therefore, the important decisions of government fell to two older figures: the father of Nefertiti, named Ay, and a military general named Horemheb. The Boy Pharaoh ruled for a decade, from 1333 to 1324 B.C. He is considered the youngest Pharaoh to rule over Egypt.
The Course of King Tut
Despite the fact that many believe there’s a course related to Tutankhamun, there isn’t one.
When Howard Carter first entered King Tut’s tomb in 1922, he was accompanied by his financial backer, George Herbert. Four months after having entered the tomb, Herbert died of alleged blood poisoning from an infected mosquito bite. Soon, newspapers would go crazy and started writing about a course, and how the Herbert was victim of King Tut’s course, which was supposedly outlined on a clay tablet just outside the tomb.
But despite the fact that others who visited the tomb also died, there is not a single piece of evidence that suggests their deaths were connected to a course.
When Carter entered into King Tuts tomb, he found a treasure trove of priceless funerary objects, including gold figurines, ritual jewelry, small boats which are said to represent the journey to the afterlife and a shrine made for the pharaoh’s embalmed organs.
But, in addition to all of those treasures, Carter discovered a chamber which contained two small coffins with two fetuses. According to DNA testing, one of the mummies was Tutankhamen’s stillborn daughter, and the other mummy was most likely also his child.
The artifacts recovered from Tutankhamun’s tomb are considered as some of the most viewed archaeological treasures in the world.
The family and the ancestry of the Tutankhamun is a little confusing.
Tutankhamun was the son of Akhenaten, the husband of Nefertiti, with whom he had six daughters. However, at the same time, Akhenaten had a ‘lesser wife’ named Kira, which is supposed to be the mother of the famous pharaoh.
Tutankhamun was married, in turn, to Ankhesenpaaten one of the daughters of Akhenaten and Nefertiti, and his half-sister.
Tutankhamun’s name, nearly erased from history
Even though Tuthankhamun is, and will remain as one of the most famous Pharaohs of ancient Egypt, evidence of his reign was obliterated after his death, when, his successor Horemhe replaced Tutankhamun’s name with his own on countless monuments.