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According to a new study, 6,000-year-old megalithic chambers found in Europe were the world’s first telescopes ever created.
It seems that the first ‘telescopes’ were created some 6,000 years ago by Ancient European Astronomers who created massive megalithic structures that focused light in order to give a clearer view of the stars and create calendars.
New findings indicate that Neolithic people may have used megalithic chambers at night to observe the stars.
According to astronomers, Stone Age European cultures may have considered the stars as a very important phenomenon and observed their movement through ‘giant ancient telescopes’ suggests a new research.
Astronomers exploring monolithic sites in modern-day Portugal suggest that previously thought 6,000-year-old ‘tombs’ might have been prehistoric stargazers used by Stone Age Europeans to get a better ‘view’ of the night sky.
According to researchers, narrow passages built into the tombs hay have helped focus starlight into the chamber, acting just as the aperture on a camera, enhancing the view for early civilizations in their observation of the cosmos.
Researchers at the Nottingham Trent University and the University of Wales Trinity Saint David analyzed numerous ‘seven-stone Antas’ passage graces located in the Alentejo region in Portugal.
Similar graves, which have also been found to exist in Spain, are ancient chambers constructed with the use of a number of megalithic slabs of granite stone which were placed into position in order to point in the direction of the arc of sunrise.
While researchers are still unsure as to how these giant chambers were built thousands of years ago, one theory states that they were erected by standing a huge back stone, prior to leaning upright stones on both sides in order to construct a chamber.
Previously, archaeologists believe that these megalithic chambers were used as tombs, but new evidence suggests their purpose was far greater as researchers have shown these toms are very different from other neolithic tombs, due to their clear passage and specific orientation.
‘It is quite a surprise that no one has thoroughly investigated how for example the colour of the night sky impacts on what can be seen with the naked eye,’ said Kieran Simcox, a student at Nottingham Trent University in charge of the project.
Researchers have discovered that when incorporating the effects created by the passageways on how human eyes perceive the brightness and colors of the night sky, experts found that these tombs would have offered ideal views of the cosmos.
‘The orientations of the tombs may be in alignment with Aldebaran, the brightest star in the constellation of Taurus’ explained Dr. Fabio Silva, of the University of Wales Trinity Saint David.
‘To accurately time the first appearance of this star in the season, it is vital to be able to detect stars during twilight.’
Researchers believe that it was extremely important to spot the first sighting in the year of a star after an absence could have helped Neolithic people mark the point in the season which eventually helped them decide when it was time to move onto hunting grounds.
Such knowledge could have been perceived as sacred suggest archaeologists.
Researchers suggest these giant stone tools were extremely effective telescopes without lenses, which appeared several thousands of years before mankind even invented the ‘first modern telescope.’