9 Extremely Ancient Maps That Should Not Exist

Among numerous findings throughout the years, researchers around the globe have stumbled upon certain discoveries that should have never been made. Some of these discoveries directly contradict the beliefs and ‘tales’ set forth by mainstream scholars about mankind, its origins and ancient civilizations that inhabited our planet in the distant past.

It has become a popular belief that ancient civilizations across the globe were in fact much more advanced than what mainstream researchers are crediting them for.

Numerous maps discovered in the past are clear indications that the story told today by scholars is incomplete, and there are numerous missing links in our history. These ‘missing links’ are being put together by these incredible ancient maps that prove mankind inhabited our planet much longer than what mainstream scholars believe.

However, the existence of these incredible maps proves that in the distant past, ancient explorers had an extremely well-developed cartography system comparable in precision with the one we have today. The maps are also evidence that ancient mankind knew the exact shape and size of the Earth, contrary to popular beliefs, and used spherical trigonometry, and precise and elaborate mathematical calculations, as if thousands of years ago, an unknown civilization undertook a global-scale project of mapping the entire planet like no one has ever done before.

A reproduction of the Zeno map from a 1793 book. Source: Wikimedia Commons
A reproduction of the Zeno map from a 1793 book. Source: Wikimedia Commons

One of the most intriguing maps is the Zeno Map. Published around 1380, the enigmatic maps accurately depicts the coasts of modern-day countries such as Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Germany, and Scotland. Mysteriously, this ancient map also depicts the EXACT latitude and longitude of a number of islands on our planet. This is a huge enigma since the device necessary to measure the longitude, the chronometer, was not invented until 1765. If this isn’t mysterious enough, the Zeno map also depicts Greenland free of glaciers, meaning that somehow, someone charted it prior to the Ice Age.

The Camerio map. Created in 1502, this map does not depict unusual features as other maps do but it has one very strange detail. The Camerio map uses a spherical grid, even though people in the middle ages still believed our planet was in fact… flat.

Map of Ibn Ben Zara (1487) Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons
Map of Ibn Ben Zara (1487) Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons

Another mind-boggling map is without a doubt the Iehudi Ibn ben Zara map. Created in 1487, the map displays remnants of glaciers in Britain, but also extremely detailed depictions of islands in the Mediterranean and Aegean seas. Today, these islands still exist, but due to rising water levels, these are now underwater.

Hacı Ahmet's Map of the World: A complete and perfect map describing the whole world Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons
Hacı Ahmet’s Map of the World: A complete and perfect map describing the whole world Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons

The Hadji Ahmed map, published in 1559, shows incredibly accurate delineations of the western coast of Northern America and Antarctica. What is even more incredible is the fact that this ancient map shows a land bridge connection Siberia and Alaska, indicating it originated from a time when the bridge was still present.


Published in 1737 by Philippe Buache, the Buache map is believed to have been created with the use of much more ancient maps. This chart displays Antarctica well before the ‘icy’ continent was in fact discovered. Interestingly, like many other ancient maps, this too accurately depicts Antarctica with no ice. The Bouche Map also accurately positioned the Canary Island. The map issued in 1737 also displays the correct outline of the underwater plateau on which the islands are located. This means that the source of the map used to create it is based on a survey of the shape before glaciers melted and ocean levels rose. Even more interesting is the fact that the Buache Map depicts the waterway which divides the continent of Antarctica into two landmasses.

Created in 1502, the Harry King Chart displays northern Siberian rivers emptying into the Arctic ocean which is now under ice. Interestingly, it also depicts glacial remains in the Baltic countries and accurately depicts the ancient Suez Canal. This incredible map also depicts what today are huge islands in Southeastern parts of Asia, but joined together by land, indicating that geologically speaking, the maps were created when the Earth looked much differently.

The Map of the North by Ptolemy depicts glacial sheets moving across south-central Greenland. It also depicts glaciers retreating from modern-day Germany (north) and parts of southern Sweden. Another map indicating a different time on Earth.

Another interesting map is the King Jaime World Chart. It was created in 1502, and accurately depicts parts of the Sahara Desert displaying it much different than it is today: with fertile land, huge lakes rivers and what appear to be ancient cities. In fact, Sahara was, in the distant past, a fertile land filled with animal life and forests.


The Oronce Finé World Map created in 1534, is an early cordiform chart which displays features of Antarctica when the continent was not covered by Ice. While it is yet another map which shows the continent before it was officially ‘found’, the chart also shows continent rivers, valleys, and coastlines while also depicting the approximate location of what is the South Pole today.


Like it? Share with your friends!


  1. Educated people in the middle ages did not believe the world was flat. That is a myth from a 19th century text book.

    1. That is a myth that keeps getting perpetuated. Educated people have known that the earth was not flat for a long time. The ancient Greeks and Romans figured it out.

  2. The conclusions this author arrives at are baffling to me. For example: “What is even more incredible is the fact that this ancient map shows a land bridge connection Siberia and Alaska, indicating it originated from a time when the bridge was still present.” Okay. How does the author know that? Can he cite a source that states the map was made during the time of the land bridge? So if I draw a map of an alien spaceship flying around earth, put it in a time capsule, and someone 300 years from now opens it, the only logical explanation will be that it was obviously drawn at a time when aliens were circling earth?

    1. Tara, are u stupid or acting like a stupid? Can u not reason! This article is well written and makes u think. So just use your brain and just think. Don’t act stupid with stupid questions.

      1. LeyLines: I didn’t think I was stupid, but thank you for pointing it out. I will have to rethink my whole opinion of myself now. However, my comment above still stands. I do not accept speculation as fact. Show me facts with evidence to support it and I will be happy to embrace it. This article is mostly theory, not scientific evidence. As such, I will treat it as I do any theory, with a grain of salt and skepticism. Sincerely, Stupid

        1. The map in question, if it was in fact published in 1559 using other more ancient maps and information, is proof then of the statement made for the reason that no one in the 16th century had any theory of a land bridge in existence in the more distant past, having no knowledge of the area. The first recorded passage through the Bearing Strait did not occur until 1648 (17th century) so that any theory of a land bridge of course was not possible a century earlier when the map was published. This is not hard for a person of average intelligence to conceive. However, many of us have been conditioned to believe that we cannot initiate a line of thought for ourselves without acknowledgment from television and from some established authority. This is dangerous, for it makes us very easy to manipulate. But this is now changing for many as they recognize their ability to approach multiple sources, including independent sources that are recreating true journalism that can no longer be found in corporate media.

        2. Tara: How about the fact that the creator of the map was correct by depicting a land bridge? Don’t be an idiot. There is mountains of evidence that people crossed to North America via a land bridge. A land bridge in the exact location shown on that map. There is your evidence. Without the surveying equipment we have today, it would be impossible to detect this land bridge unless it was exposed. Please keep your asinine ignorance to yourself.

  3. So basically , now there is proof that we have maps drawn in a time when it was impossible to know some of these things. And some maps were drawn with info coming from centuries before or maybe even 1000 yrs. Interestingly some things are prior to what we have been told. A convenience to match to the bible.

  4. Suggestions that aliens or a much more advanced civilization made these maps,and populated the world, have a big problem. New Zealand is not on any of them. There are no signs of human existence before the discovery by Kupe, a Polynesian, in about the 10th century. The name given was Aotearoa, meaning long white cloud. This form of cloud is often visible from Wakaari, an active volcano in the Bay of Plenty. Also a waterfall was reported back, presumably in Whakatane where the Mataatua canue later landed. Polynesian legend has New Zealand shaped as a northern fish by a southern canoe manned by Maui. The canoe has an anchorstone to the south. Polynesian culture has no writing.

  5. There are a couple of issues here. Big ones. Essentially, it posits that, because European canon posits certain knowledges and technologies were discovered in certain years, those technologies and knowledges could not possibly have been known earlier by other civilisations, or known, lost, and rediscovered by Europeans. The best example of this is the position that the Camerio map should not be possible because people in 1502 “Believed the world to be…flat”. In fact, Hellenistic Astronomy in the sixth century BC that the Earth was as likely to be spherical as flat; by the third century, it was the consensus. Herodotus in ‘The Histories’, written in, from memory, the 420s BC, basically treats it as a priori, and from there it’s fairly constant in both Greek and Roman scholarship. The Dark Ages led to Europe largely losing Greek and Roman scientific contributions…but the Dark Ages affected Europe disproportionately. The Byzantine Empire and the Islamic Empires that came a little later never ‘went dark’, so to speak. This kind of Eurocentricity permeates the article, assuming that the European canon of technological progress is…well…canon. It’s not. And that’s not conjectural. Up until the Industrial Revolution, Europe – excluding the extreme north re. maritime technology, possibly – would have lagged behind any other major cultural hubs in terms of scientific understanding and development, by any remotely objective measure of progress you might choose to measure progress with.

  6. Much of this research comes from Charles Hapgood’s book “Maps of the Ancient Sea Kings” (2nd. ed.). Hapgood shows how math. analysis and cartography validates the ancient portolan maps.

Comments are closed.