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Anu was one of the oldest gods of the Sumerian pantheon, he was considered as the father and first king of the gods, and he is referred to as the Ancestor of the ancient Anunnaki.
In Sumerian mythology, An (in Sumerian An = “sky”) or Anu (in Akkadian) was the god of heaven, lord of the constellations, king of the gods, who lived with his wife, the goddess Ki (in Sumerian, “Earth” or Antu in Akkadian), in the highest regions of the sky.
It was believed that he had the power to judge those who had committed crimes and that he had created the stars as soldiers to destroy the wicked.
Its attribute was the royal tiara.
His servant and minister was the god Ilabrat.
More importantly, he was the father of Enlil, the ancient Mesopotamian god of wind, air, earth, and storms., and the ancestor of the Anunnaki, the supreme source of all authority.
An, the Ancestor of the Anunnaki—those who came down from heaven
So, who were the ancient Anunnaki?
The term ANUNNAKI, if fragmented translates; ANU: “Heaven” -NNA: “Descend” – KI: “Earth”: “Those who descended from heaven to earth…”
Today, many authors are convinced that they were neither gods, nor angels, but beings from another planet who came to Earth possessing a technological development and knowledge of advanced physics, capable of manipulating the minds of a “lower” race and turning it into a slave species.
Before a technological civilization like the Anunnaki, man kneeled down considering them celestial Gods with powers to govern heaven and earth.
In other words, these ‘gods’ were misinterpreted as supreme deities as they possessed a technology that primitive man did not understand.
An was one of the most powerful and important deities in the Sumerian pantheon, and the Anunnaki Gods were believed to have been the offspring of An and his consort Ki. According to Black and Green in their book Gods, Demons and Symbols of Ancient Mesopotamia: An Illustrated Dictionary, the ancient Anunnaki were precisely that, the “offspring of An.”
The “seven gods who decree” can be listed into the Anunnaki group: An, Enlil, Enki, Ninhursag, Nanna, Utu, and Inanna.
When mentioning the Anunnaki, ancient Sumerian tablets do not make reference to these Gods as mere etheric creatures, but they describe them as biological beings of flesh and blood, like humans.
When we talk about Gods, we imagine images of nebulous celestial spirits that emerge from the boundaries of an indeterminate plane of reality.
However, that is not the description that the Sumerians gave to the Anunnaki.
These Gods were real in every single way to the ancient Sumerians. The Gods coexisted with man, these Celestial beings shared their lives and coexisted with man in ancient cities on Earth. They were physical and palpable beings, who ate, slept died.
These gods were visible to anyone’s eyes; they are described as traveling into the heavens in mighty aerial vehicles, which emitted noise that sounded like thunder which made mountains tremble, as they breathe fire.
Anu— one of the oldest gods of the Sumerian pantheon
Anu was considered as one of the oldest gods of the Sumerian pantheon, and he was part of a triad of great gods, along with Enlil, god of air and atmosphere and Enki (also known, in Akkadian, as Ea), god of the earth or the foundations.
He was considered as the father and first king of the gods.
Anu is associated with the E-anna temple of the city of Uruk (the biblical Erech), in the south of Babylon and there is a good reason to believe that this place would be the original site of the worship of Anu.
Anu’s temple in Uruk was called E-an-na (‘house of heaven’). “In heaven is Anu on his throne, clothed with all the attributes of sovereignty: the scepter, the diadem, the headdress, the staff…
The stars constituted his army.
Symbolically, the king received his power directly from Anu.
That is why they invoked only the sovereigns and not the rest of the mortals.
Anu was the:
“father of the gods” (abû ilâni),
“father of heaven” (ab shamê),
“king of heaven” (il shamê).
The Western Semitic equivalent of Anu would be the god Ël.
And it also seems to have equivalence with the Dagon God of the Philistines and Phoenicians.
Astronomically Anu was associated with the Way of An (or Path of An), a region of the sky coinciding with the equator.
Later this region would be defined as the space between the two tropics.
He was associated with the number 60, a sacred number for the Sumerians.