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Archaeologists excavating Marcavalle near Cuzco Peru have found an ancient—3,000-year-old wall—believed to have been erected by Pre-Inca cultures. Scientists refer to the region of Marcavalle as “where the first steps of the Andean civilization were taken.”
Two ancient constructions dating back at least 3,000 years, evidence of a Pre-Inca culture in Peru, were recently discovered by researchers belonging to the Decentralized Culture Directorate of Cusco (DDCC) reports the Andina news agency.
One of the constructions is a circular wall of around 7 meters of diameter, erected out of stone and mud. It was found where the Juvenile Rehabilitation Center of Cusco currently operates.
“These constructions confirm that it is in Cusco where the first steps of the Andean civilization were taken,” said the head of the Cusco Culture Directorate, Vidal Pino.
“We will continue to foster this research project since Marcavalle is like a book one must keep reading in order to understand our history,” Pino pointed out.
According to Luz Marina Monroy, the archaeologist in charge of the research, the circular enclosure would have been used as a dwelling, in which the first inhabitants who occupied the valley would have celebrated rituals.
The other construction which would have been used as a workshop is where archaeologists discovered a large number of Marcavalle culture pottery fragments, decorated vessel necks, obsidian projectile points, stone tools, needles, punches and spatulas made of bone.
The Marcavalle culture is believed to have flourished near modern-day Cuzco around 1,000 B.C.
The oldest pre-historic settlements in the department of Cusco have been located in Yauri and Chumbivilcas and date back to around 5,000 BC, but in the Cusco valley, evidence of human presence was found from about 1,000 BC, at the time when Marcavalle—in the eastern sector of the present imperial city— was occupied by relatively well-developed, small communities which were mainly dedicated to agriculture and livestock.
The report in Andina suggests how the discovery reinforces that Marcavalle culture developed at a time when ancient Chavin and Paracas cultures ruled Ancash and Ica regions, respectively.
The Paracas culture is probably best known for their elongated skulls which have been unearthed on the southern coast of Peru, by Peruvian archaeologist, Julio Tello.
The region of Marcavalle is important for various reasons. First of all, in Marcavalle is where experts have found evidence of people settling down, growing and consuming domesticated foot.
This marks an extremely important phase referred to as the Middle Formative period, which according to experts dates back around 3,500 years.
Marcavalle is a region where archaeologists have unearthed conclusive evidence which supports the idea that people gathered there and lived for extended periods.
In the past, excavations at Marcavalle has presented archaeologist with numerous fragments of ancient history, dating back long before the Incas.
However, experts have warned that the evidence of ancient cultures now lies entirely under the city, “now nearly destroyed.”
Source: Andina Peru