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Thanks to new evidence, archaeologists firmly believe they know how ancient Egyptians managed to pull off one of the greatest engineering projects in the history of Earth, the construction of the Great Pyramid of Giza. New details prove that ancient Egyptian engineers erected the Great Pyramid at Giza by transporting 170,000 tons of limestone in boats.
One of the greatest enigmas in history may just have been solved, as archaeologists believe they’ve finally figured out how mankind managed to transport massive blocks of stone for hundreds of kilometer and built the Great Pyramid of Giza.
Scientists have discovered fascinating evidence showing how Egyptians transported limestone and granite blocks weighing two and a half tons for hundreds of kilometers in order to build the tomb of Pharaoh Cheops in 2600 BC.
The Great Pyramid of Giza—with a height of nearly 150 meters—was until the middle ages the largest manmade structure on the surface of the planet.
Now, an ancient papyrus, a ceremonial boat and an elaborate system of waterworks have helped experts to solve how the ancients pulled off one of the greatest engineering projects of all time.
Detailed archaeological evidence shows that thousands of skilled workers transported 170,000 tons of limestone along the Nile River in specially designed wooden boats connected by ropes through a specially constructed canal system to an inland port not far from the base of the pyramid.
An ancient papyrus recovered by experts from the seaport Wadi Al-Jarf has offered archaeologists with new evidence of the role ancient boats played in the construction process of the Great Pyramid of Giza.
The ancient manuscript was written by Merer, an Egyptian overseer who was in charge of a workforce of 40 elite workmen. This ancient manuscript is the only known document from antiquity which details the construction of the Great Pyramid.
It details how the ancients managed to move massive limestone blocks downstream from Tura to Giza.
Merer also describes how his workers were involved in the transformation of the landscape, opening gigantic dikes that helped divert water from the Nile River and reroute it towards the pyramid through artificial channels.
Although it has been known for a long time that the granite blocks of the inner chambers of the pyramid were extracted in Aswan, more than 850 kilometers south of Giza, the limestone of Tura obtained 12 kilometers away remained an enigma for archaeologists who could not agree on how exactly these ancient blocks of stone were transported.
To solve the mystery, Archaeologist Mark Lehner, an expert on the subject, discovered evidence of a lost waterway under the dusty Giza plateau reported the Mail on Sunday. ‘We’ve outlined the primary canal basin which we think was the central delivery area to the foot of the Giza Plateau,’ he said.
The new discoveries, which still fail to explain as to how the supermassive blocks of stone were stacked with such precision on top of each other to form the pyramid, were revealed in a documentary called Egypt’s Great Pyramid: The New Evidence which also features details regarding a ceremonial boat designed specifically for Pharaoh Khufu to command in the afterlife.
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