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Ancient Egypt is without a doubt one of the most fascinating ancient civilizations on our planet. Among the numerous ancient civilizations around the planet, the ancient Egyptian civilization is considered by million the most mysterious of them all.
While many people believe that the greatest legacy left behind by the ancient Egyptians are the Pyramids and the Great Sphinx of Giza ( still heavily debated because many researchers believe that the Pyramids and Sphinx Predate the Ancient Egyptian Civilization) the truth is that the ancient Egyptians literally paved a highway for our modern lifestyle.
From our form of communication to toothpaste, the ancient Egyptian had it all figured out. Interestingly, Ancient Egyptian is considered as one of the oldest languages on planet Earth; it has survived for five thousand years, having a lifespan longer than nearly all other languages on Earth. According to researchers, their language can be divided into five phases: Old Egyptian, Middle Egyptian, Late Egyptian, Demotic, and Coptic. Interestingly, their ancient writing system –which was made up of a complex system of hieroglyphics—can be traced back to around 2690 BC.
However, it wasn’t until 1799, when the Rosetta Stone was discovered, that researchers were finally able to fully decode the ancient Egyptian Language.
But in addition to creating a complex writing system, the Ancient Egyptians measured the world and invented a 354-day lunar calendar which is composed of 13 months that correlated with the lunar cycle.
The River Nile was of extreme importance to them, and that’s why they split their calendar into three seasons that reflected the natural cycle of the River Nile: Flood, Spring, and low water. Also, a 365 civil calendar was later added which consisted of 12 lunar months composed of 30 days, also split into three seasons, adding five extra days at the end of the year.
However, the ancient Egyptians incorporated a decimal system that used seven different symbols. It is noteworthy to mention that the older mathematical text found from Ancient Egypt date back to around 2000 – 1800 BC.
Scientifically speaking, the ancient Egyptians were way ahead of their time and by 1650 BC, they had a grasp of multiplication, division, fractions, prime numbers, linear equations, and geometry.
But it wasn’t all about writing, multiplying, and constructing in Ancient Egypt. The Ancient Egyptian civilization might not have been the most sophisticated when it comes to medicine, but they considered beauty as something critical.
It is well documented that the ancient Egyptians took pride in their appearance and created dozens of inventions that even today, play an extremely important role in our daily routines: They had invented Toothbrushes, Toothpaste, Breath mints, High Heels, Perfume, Lipstick, Eye make-up, wigs and jewelry among their numerous other accessories.
However, their inventions go far beyond what we have been taught in history books. Interestingly, the ancient Egyptians were most likely the first ancient people to domesticate successfully the cat, which was initially used as pest control. They also used locks and keys and invented primitive forms of air conditioning which helped them keep cool.
But perhaps the most interesting things about the ancient Egyptians is that they were the first ancient civilizations that invented a way to measure time. The ancient Egyptians did not only invent the calendar; they created the machine that kept track of time and had two types: Water Clocks and Sun Clocks.
As you can see, the list of things achieved by the ancient Egyptians is far more impressive than any of us could have imagined, that’s why this incredible infographic created by Fairmont Hotels gives you a never-before-seen picture of the ancient Egyptian legacy:
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