New study reveals that the base of the Great Pyramid is not square

A new study has revealed fascinating new details about the Great Pyramid of Giza. According to researchers, the base of the Great Pyramid is not square.

There are two differnet views on Ancient Egyptian History. The one Accepted by scholars and that denied by the same. Image credit:

The Great Pyramid of Giza is believed to have been built by the ancient Egyptian civilization some 4,500 years ago –even though many disagree and believe it was build tens of thousands of ears ago.

The Gret Pyramid is the only wonder of the Ancient World to have survived (nearly) intact, and it was believed to have been a nearly perfect structure, that is until archaeologists performed a new study which apparently demonstrates that the Great Pyramid has a minute error in its construction.

According to researchers who carried out the survey, there is an error in the construction that made one side of the monument longer.

The group of researchers measured the base of the structure and discovered it was not a perfect square, resulting in a slightly lopsided pyramid. The research was lead by engineer Glen Dash and Egyptologist Mark Lehner who concluded that the west side of the Great Pyramid is slightly longer than the east side.

Taking in count the magnitude of the Great Pyramid, this error could be interpreted as a miniature mistake. But despite its tiny imperfection, researchers believe that the Great Pyramid of Giza was built with an impressive level of accuracy.

“The base is not quite square,” said Dash, who participated in the study through his foundation.

The outer mantle was composed of 144,000 casing stones, all of them highly polished and flat to an accuracy of 1/100th of an inch, about 100 inches thick and weighing approx. 15 tons each. These casing stones reflected the sun’s light and made the pyramid shine like a jewel. They are no longer present being used by Arabs to build mosques after an earthquake in the 14th century loosened many of them. It has been calculated that the original pyramid with its casing stones would act like gigantic mirrors and reflect light so powerful that it would be visible from the moon as a shining star on earth. Appropriately, the ancient Egyptians called the Great Pyramid “Ikhet,” meaning the “Glorious Light.”  How these blocks were transported and assembled into the pyramid is still a mystery.

Without the casing stones present today, obtaining the exact measurement of the Great Pyramid of Giza was a true puzzle for scientists who adhere to the approximate measurements obtained by British Egyptologist Flinders Petrie (1853-1942)

To determine the length of the original sides of the Great Pyramid, Lehner, and his team looked for clues in the casing stones. They set out to trace the boundary of the casing stones which today make up about 54 meters of the pyramids 920-meter periphery. The researchers discovered 84 marking points alongside the periphery of the original baseline from which they were able to obtain a line of best fit and were able to trace the original baseline around the pyramid with a 95% probability that the baseline obtained fell between two lines: an upper and lower limit.

The team used a statistical method called “linear regression” to determine the average lengths of the sides: 230.363 meters.

However, there is a discrepancy of 14.9 centimeters which makes the western side of the Great Pyramid of Giza be slightly longer than its Eastern side.

Dash wrote: ‘The data show that the Egyptians possessed quite remarkable skills for their time. We hope to figure eventually out how the Egyptians laid out the pyramid with such precision, and in doing so hope to learn much about the tools and technology they had at their disposal.’

However, many researchers believe this minute error was, in fact, intentional and not a mistake.

To understand why, we look at Livio Catullo Stecchini, who was a professor of ancient history at Paterson State Teachers College and wrote on the history of science, ancient weights and measures (metrology), and the history of cartography in antiquity. Professor Stechhini is best known for his numerological theories about the dimensions of the Great Pyramid.

In the 1960’s Professor Stecchini wrote about the apparent inaccuracies detected in the north-south orientation of the Great Pyramid and how these were present with a purpose. Stecchini said that the base of the Great Pyramid was designed to be slightly different from a perfect square and that the purpose behind this change had to do with pi and phi.

As Stecchini claimed, the alignment axis of the western side of the Great Pyramid was drawn first by its builders, then, the builders outlined the northern side so it could be perfectly perpendicular to the western side. The eastern side, however, was intentionally placed at a larger angle of 3 arcmins, resulting in a larger side.

In other words, the northeast corner should have been 90 ° 03 ’00 “, not 90 °. As for the southern side of the Great Pyramid, it was predicted to be half an arcminute larger than perpendicular, so that the southwest corner measured 90 ° 00 ’30. According to Stecchini’s analysis not all sides of the Great Pyramid were built with the same and exact angles.

However, Stecchini also studied a small line on the floor of the base of the Great Pyramid located near the center of the northern side. Some authors have assumed that this was the original north-south axis of the Great Pyramid.

The data shows that the axis line is located at 115.090 meters in the northwest corner, and 115.161 meters in the northeast corner, so it seems to be a bit off center. This variation was typically rejected as human error.

However, Professor Stecchini concluded that this was not a mistake. Rather, the north-south axis of the Great Pyramid was misaligned on purpose. Therefore, the apex was also misaligned on purpose by about 35.5 millimeters westward. As a result, each of the sides of the Great Pyramid had a slightly different slope from the others.

It turns out that the difference between the faces of the Pyramid allowed the incorporation of both pi and phi in its interior design. The western side of the Great Pyramid was designed with the pi factor, while the northern side was what designed taking in count phi.

In the past, the theory proposed by Stecchini was dismissed and categorized as pseudoscience, however, the recent study performed by Dash and Lehner could, in fact, prove that the Great Pyramid of Giza is in fact even more ‘perfect’ that we initially believed.

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