The Enigma of The Pusharo Petroglyphs—Depictions of A Cosmic Map?


Peru is a nation blessed with an incredible ancient history.

Covered from top to bottom with mind-bending archaeological sites and countless rock art sites, deep within the Eastern Ridge of the Andes, we find what many explorers concur are some of the most mysterious, stunning and significant ancient sites.

The so-called Petroglyphs of Pusharo are a unique and extensive ancient rock site located in Peru’s  Manú National Park, a jungle expanse considered one of the unexplored and little-known areas of Peru, for which an official government permit is required for entry.

The Petroglyphs of Pusharo
A recreation of the Pusharo petroglyphs published in the Peruvian Archeology Handbook of F. Kauffmann Doig (1983: 57)

For many explorers, treasure hunters and followers of the esoteric and mystical arts, the area of Pusharo and the rock engravings are closely related to the legendary lost city of Paititi, reason why for several decades, the area has been visited illegally, or less commonly with an authorized permit from the Manu National Park Headquarters by countless international groups, including, film producers, writers, and scholars.

The Pusharo Petroglyphs representing strange beings
Some of the Petroglyphs represent strange beings, not human in nature.

The enigmatic site is composed of a number of deeply incised rock carvings covering a height of around 10 feet, a perpendicular geological formation spreading around 100 feet long, and 75 feet in height.

The unique glyphs hidden deep within Peru’s Amazonian rainforest represent a pan-Amazonian style.

The petroglyphs have a mystic-religious or shamanic significance to Amerindians that inhabited the region thousands of years ago, and who were most likely their creators.

The Petroglyphs of Pusharo
Some of the rock carvings belonging to the Petroglyphs of Pusharo

However, in addition to symbols which many have dubbed shamanic in nature, there are many who argue that some of the glyphs present on the Pusharo Petroglyphs actually constitute parts of a map. More precisely cosmic maps.

However, since the area is nearly off limits to people, and little research has been performed on the site and its surrounding area, it is hard to understand what message the builders of the petroglyph wanted to convey.

Strange figures at the Pusharo Petroglyphs.
What exactly the mysterious beings at the Pusharo Petroglyphs are, remains a mystery. Ancient Aliens anyone? 

The glyphs feature a number of elements such as heart-shaped faces, spirals, zigzags, suns, X’s” and a number of other elements that defy verbal description.

It is unknown as to when exactly the glyphs were rediscovered. However, it is most likely that the first person to identify them was a rubber tapper in 1909. However, the first description of the petroglyphs was made by the Dominican missionary Vicente de Cenitagoya in August 1921.

Different Motifs at the Pusharo Petroglyphs
These two composite images show the different motifs present at the Pusharo Petroglyphs.

The petroglyphs are found in three different sectors. All three sectors offer representations of faces and abstract symbols.

According to Italian researcher Yuri Leveratto, Pusharo Petroglyphs could be related to the petroglyphs of Quiaca and be the recorded history of Amazonian peoples who were traveling from the jungle to the mountains in the first millennium.

According to other researchers and authors—some of which have traveled to see them—some of the petroglyphs may be related to the ancient Inca.

As noted by Leveratto, it would be possible for ancient inhabitants of the Amazon to record Andean symbols in rock art, as some of the Amazonian natives may have been influenced by Inca incursions into the Amazon at the time of  Pachacutec.

The Pusharo Petroglyphs and Pedra do Inga, a mysterious connection?

Having observed the curious Petroglyphs in Peru, I cannot help and notice a similarity in the carvings with the petroglyphs found at the so-called Pedra do Inga in Brazil.

Rock engravings at the Inga Stone
Just as the Pusharo Petroglyphs, the Pedra do Inga petroglyphs offer countless symbols including, what many authors suggest is a cosmic map.

The Inga stone also referred to as the “Pedra Do Inga” is considered by many researchers one of the most significant archaeological monuments in the world.

It is located in the municipality of Ingá, in the interior of the Brazilian state of Paraíba.

The rock carvings at the Inga Stone
While the design may not feature interlocking stones and precision drill holes, this images has created great confusion among experts as it is believed to depict, among other things, an ancient star map.

The Inga Stone features hundreds of strange symbols and “Stars” that stretch over a rock measuring 245 meters in length, 3 meters in height. Several figures are carved in low relief in this set and there are entries whose meanings are unknown. The age of the inscriptions is unknown, but geologists estimate that the rock formation dates back at least 6,000 years.


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