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It’s believed to be 800,000 years old, it has no inscriptions and there are tunnels and passages leading into this ancient monument which according to many researchers, predates the ancient Egyptian Civilization, you won’t see this in your history books.
This extraordinary ancient structure which measures 20 meters in height and 57 meters in length stands as the proud ‘guardian’ of the Great Pyramid and its companions in the Giza Plateau.
The enigmas surrounding the Sphinx are many, researchers have no idea who built the Sphinx, when (even though there is a study that suggests it was built over 800,000 years ago), what it was built for, nor do experts know how long it took to complete, and one of the most mysterious characteristics regarding the Sphinx is its original face and the unusual size of the head compared to the body.
But what do we truly know about the Sphinx? Well, for starters, the Great Sphinx of Egypt is considered the largest single-stone statues in the world and around 200 tons of stone were quarried in the construction phase to build the temple next to it.
In the distant past, the Sphinx was covered in Sand, and it was only in 1905 when the sand was cleared away to expose the full body of the Sphinx.
The true builder of this majestic statue is unknown, but many scholars propose that it was built during the 4th Dynasty by Pharaoh Khafre. However, archeological and geological research suggests that the Sphinx is far older than the 4th Dynasty.
According to a study presented at the International Conference of Geoarchaeology and Archaeomineralogy held in Sofia titled: GEOLOGICAL ASPECT OF THE PROBLEM OF DATING THE GREAT EGYPTIAN SPHINX CONSTRUCTION, authors Manichev Vjacheslav I. (Institute of Environmental Geochemistry of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine) and Alexander G. Parkhomenko (Institute of Geography of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine) propose that the great Sphinx is in fact around 800,000 years old. A Revolutionary theory that is backed up by science.
Mysteriously, the Great Sphinx of Egypt, together with the Great Pyramid, are few of the constructions of ancient Egypt that have no inscriptions, not a single symbol has been found on the Sphinx.
The Sphinx became a symbol of kingship in the New Kingdom, and several pharaohs of built temples in the area surrounding the Sphinx. Pharaoh Amenhotep II built a mud-brick temple to the north-east of the Sphinx while Rameses II who is considered one of the ancient kingdom’s most prolific builders constructed an altar of granite between its paws.
It was first believed that the Sphinx lost its nose to Napoleon’s men, but 18th-century drawings reveal that the nose of the Sphinx was missing before Napoleon’s arrival, it is believed that the nose of the Sphinx was shot off by the Turks. However, the truth behind the missing nose, and the relatively small sized head of the Sphinx, compared to its body, remains a true mystery.
Whoever built the Great Sphinx, wanted it to be aligned. The Sphinx is oriented due east facing the rising sun near the 30th parallel.
There are three passages into or under the Sphinx, the “Tomb of Osiris” is one of the most incredible discoveries linked to the Sphinx, located 95 feet below the surface behind the back of the Sphinx. It is believed to be the resting place of Egyptian God Osiris.
According to Graham Hancock, computer simulations show that in 10,500 BC the constellation of Leo housed the sun on the spring equinox – i.e. an hour before dawn in that epoch Leo would have reclined due east along the horizon in the place where the sun would soon rise. This means that the lion-bodied Sphinx, with its due-east orientation, would have gazed directly on that morning at the one constellation in the sky that might reasonably be regarded as its own celestial counterpart.